1 Citation and commencement

These Regulations may be cited as the Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (Contractual Scheme) Regulations 2013, and come into force on the day after the day on which they are made.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see above.

2 Interpretation

2Interpretation

In these Regulations—

“the 1986 Act” means the Insolvency Act 1986;

“the 1989 Order” means the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989;

“authorised contract” has the meaning given in section 261M(1) of FSMA;

“authorised contractual scheme” has the meaning given in section 237(3) of FSMA;

“depositary” has the meaning given in section 237(2) of FSMA;

“the FCA” means the Financial Conduct Authority;

“FSMA” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;

“operator” has the meaning given in section 237(2) of FSMA;

“participant” has the meaning given in section 235(2) of FSMA;

“partnership scheme” has the meaning given in section 235A(5) of FSMA;

“stand-alone co-ownership scheme” has the meaning given in section 237(8) of FSMA;

“sub-scheme” has the meaning given in section 237(7) of FSMA;

“umbrella co-ownership scheme” has the meaning given in section 237(5) of FSMA; and

“units” has the meaning given in section 237(2) of FSMA.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities97 Insurance Law97 Banking & Finance Law97

3 Amendments to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

Part2Amendments to Primary Legislation 3Amendments to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

(1)    FSMA is amended as follows.

(2)    In section 90ZA (liability for key investor information), in subsection (1), after “section 248” insert “or 261J”.

(3)    In section 133 (proceedings before Tribunal: general provision), in subsection (7A)(l), after “section 249” insert “or 261K”.

(4)    In section 138A (modification or waiver of rules), in subsection (2)(b), for “or section 248 (scheme particulars rules)” substitute “, section 248 (scheme particulars rules), section 261I (contractual scheme rules) or section 261J (contractual scheme particulars rules)”.

(5)    After section 235 (collective investment schemes) insert—

“235A Contractual schemes

(1)    In this Part “contractual scheme” means—

(a)    a co-ownership scheme; or

(b)    a partnership scheme.

(2)    In this Part “co-ownership scheme” means a collective investment scheme which satisfies the conditions in subsection (3).

(3)    The conditions are—

(a)    that the arrangements constituting the scheme are contractual;

(b)    that they are set out in a deed that is entered into between the operator and a depositary and meets the requirements of subsection (4);

(c)    that the scheme does not constitute a body corporate, a partnership or a limited partnership;

(d)    that the property subject to the scheme is held by, or to the order of, a depositary; and

(e)    that either—

(i)    the property is beneficially owned by the participants as tenants in common (or, in Scotland, is the common property of the participants); or

(ii)    where the arrangements constituting the scheme provide for such pooling as is mentioned in section 235(3)(a) in relation to separate parts of the property, each part is beneficially owned by the participants in that part as tenants in common (or, in Scotland, is the common property of the participants in that part).

(4)    The deed—

(a)    must contain a statement that the arrangements are intended to constitute a co-ownership scheme as defined in section 235A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;

(b)    must make provision for the issue and redemption of units;

(c)    must—

(i)    prohibit the transfer of units,

(ii)    allow units to be transferred only if specified conditions are met, or

(iii)    where the arrangements constituting the scheme provide for such pooling as is mentioned in section 235(3)(a) in relation to separate parts of the property, in relation to each separate part make provision falling within sub-paragraph (i) or (ii);

(d)    must authorise the operator—

(i)    to acquire, manage and dispose of property subject to the scheme; and

(ii)    to enter into contracts which are binding on participants for the purposes of, or in connection with, the acquisition, management or disposal of property subject to the scheme; and

(e)    must make provision requiring the operator and depositary to wind up the scheme in specified circumstances.

(5)    In this Part “partnership scheme” means a collective investment scheme which satisfies the conditions in subsection (6).

(6)    The conditions are—

(a)    that the scheme is a limited partnership;

(b)    that the limited partnership—

(i)    at any time has only one general partner; and

(ii)    on formation has only one limited partner, who is a person nominated by the general partner (“the nominated partner”);

(c)    that the arrangements constituting the partnership are set out in a deed that is entered into between the general partner and the nominated partner;

(d)    that the deed prohibits such pooling as is mentioned in section 235(3)(a) in relation to separate parts of the property; and

(e)    that the deed provides that if an authorisation order is made in respect of the limited partnership under section 261D(1)—

(i)    the property subject to the scheme is to be held by, or to the order of, a person appointed to be a depositary;

(ii)    the limited partners, other than the nominated partner, are to be the participants in the scheme; and

(iii)    the partnership is not dissolved on any person ceasing to be a limited partner provided that there remains at least one limited partner.

(7)    In this section “general partner”, “limited partner” and “limited partnership” have the same meaning as in the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.

(8)    In this Part “contractual scheme deed” means—

(a)    in relation to a co-ownership scheme, the deed referred to in subsection (3)(b); and

(b)    in relation to a partnership scheme, the deed referred to in subsection (6)(c).”.

(6)    In section 237 (other definitions)—

(a)    in subsection (1), at the end insert “, except that it does not include a contractual scheme”;

(b)    in subsection (2), in the definition of “the operator”, after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    in relation to a co-ownership scheme, means the operator appointed under the terms of the contractual scheme deed;

(ab)    in relation to a partnership scheme, means the general partner;”;

(c)    in subsection (3)—

(i)    after the definition of “an authorised unit trust scheme” insert—

““an authorised contractual scheme” means a contractual scheme which is authorised for the purposes of this Act by an authorisation order in force under section 261D(1);”;

(ii)    in the definition of “UK UCITS”, after “a UCITS which is an authorised unit trust scheme” insert “, an authorised contractual scheme”; and

(d)    after subsection (4) insert—

“(5)    In this Part “umbrella co-ownership scheme” means an authorised contractual scheme which satisfies the conditions in subsection (6).

(6)    The conditions are—

(a)    that the scheme is a co-ownership scheme;

(b)    that the arrangements constituting the scheme provide for such pooling as is mentioned in section 235(3)(a) in relation to separate parts of the property; and

(c)    that the participants are entitled under the terms of the scheme to exchange rights in one part for rights in another.

(7)    In this Part “sub-scheme”, in relation to an umbrella co-ownership scheme, means the arrangements constituting the scheme so far as they relate to a separate part of the property.

(8)    In this Part “stand-alone co-ownership scheme” means an authorised contractual scheme which—

(a)    is a co-ownership scheme; and

(b)    is not an umbrella co-ownership scheme.”.

(7)    In section 238 (restrictions on promotion), in subsection (4), after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    an authorised contractual scheme;”.

(8)    In section 249 (disciplinary measures), in subsection (1)(a), after “authorised unit trust scheme” insert “, authorised contractual scheme”.

(9)    In section 258A (winding up or merger of master UCITS), in subsection (1)—

(a)    after “section 257” insert “or 261X”; and

(b)    after “section 258” insert “or 261Y”.

(10)    In section 259 (procedure on giving directions under section 257 or 258A and varying them on FCA's own initiative)—

(a)    in subsection (2)—

(i)    after “A direction” insert “under section 257”;

(ii)    for “section 257” substitute “that section”; and

(b)    in subsection (3), for the words “section 257, or gives such a direction” substitute “section 257 or 258A, or gives a direction under either section”.

(11)    In section 261B (information for feeder UCITS), in subsection (1), after “feeder UCITS of an authorised unit trust scheme” insert “, an authorised contractual scheme”.

(12)    After section 261B insert—

“Chapter 3A
Authorised Contractual SchemesApplications for authorisation261C Applications for authorisation of contractual schemes

(1)    Any application for an order declaring a contractual scheme to be an authorised contractual scheme must be made to the FCA by the operator and depositary, or proposed operator and depositary, of the scheme.

(2)    The application—

(a)    must be made in such manner as the FCA may direct;

(b)    must state the name and the registered office, or if it does not have a registered office, the head office, of the operator or proposed operator and of the depositary or proposed depositary; and

(c)    in the case of a partnership scheme, must be accompanied by a copy of the certificate of registration as a limited partnership under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907.

(3)    At any time after receiving an application and before determining it, the FCA may require the applicants to provide it with such further information as it reasonably considers necessary to enable it to determine the application.

(4)    Different directions may be given, and different requirements imposed, in relation to different applications.

(5)    The FCA may require applicants to present information which they are required to give under this section in such form, or to verify it in such a way, as the FCA may direct.

261D Authorisation orders

(1)    If, on an application under section 261C in respect of a contractual scheme, the FCA—

(a)    is satisfied that the scheme complies with the requirements set out in this section and section 261E,

(b)    is satisfied that the scheme complies with the requirements of contractual scheme rules, and

(c)    has been provided with a copy of the contractual scheme deed and a certificate signed by a solicitor to the effect that it complies with such of the requirements of this section or those rules as relate to its contents,

the FCA may make an order declaring the scheme to be an authorised contractual scheme.

(2)    If the FCA makes an order under subsection (1), it must give written notice of the order to the applicants.

(3)    In this Chapter “authorisation order” means an order under subsection (1).

(4)    The operator and the depositary must be persons who are independent of each other.

(5)    The operator and the depositary must each be a body corporate incorporated in the United Kingdom or another EEA State, and the affairs of each must be administered in the country in which it is incorporated.

(6)    The depositary must have a place of business in the United Kingdom, and the operator must have a place of business in the United Kingdom or in another EEA State.

(7)    If the operator is incorporated in another EEA State, the scheme must not be one which satisfies the requirements prescribed for the purposes of section 264.

(8)    The operator and the depositary must each be an authorised person, and the operator must have permission to act as operator and the depositary must have permission to act as depositary.

(9)    The operator must be a fit and proper person to manage the scheme to which the application relates.

(10)    The name of the scheme must not be undesirable or misleading.

(11)    The purposes of the scheme must be reasonably capable of being successfully carried into effect.

261E Authorisation orders: holding of units

(1)    The participants in a contractual scheme must be entitled to have their units redeemed in accordance with the scheme at a price—

(a)    related to the net value of the property to which the units relate; and

(b)    determined in accordance with the scheme.

(2)    The scheme must not allow units in the scheme to be issued to anyone other than—

(a)    a professional investor;

(b)    a large investor; or

(c)    a person who already holds units in the scheme.

(3)    The scheme must require the operator, if it becomes aware that units have become vested in a person to whom as a result of subsection (2) the units could not have been issued, to redeem the units as soon as practicable.

(4)    In subsection (2)—

“professional investor” means a person who falls within one of the categories (1) to (4) of Section I of Annex II to the markets in financial instruments directive (professional clients for the purpose of that directive); and

“large investor” means a person who, in exchange for units in the scheme, makes a payment of, or contributes property with a value of, not less than £1,000,000.

261F Determination of applications

(1)    Subject to subsection (2), an application under section 261C must be determined by the FCA before the end of the period of six months beginning with the date on which it receives the completed application.

(2)    An application under section 261C for authorisation of a contractual scheme which is a UCITS must be determined by the FCA before the end of two months beginning with the date on which it receives the application.

(3)    The FCA may determine an incomplete application if it considers it appropriate to do so; and it must in any event determine such an application within twelve months beginning with the date on which it first receives the application.

(4)    The applicants may withdraw the application, by giving the FCA written notice, at any time before the FCA determines it.

Applications refused261G Procedure when refusing an application

(1)    If the FCA proposes to refuse an application made under section 261C, it must give each of the applicants a warning notice.

(2)    If the FCA decides to refuse the application—

(a)    it must give each of the applicants a decision notice; and

(b)    either applicant may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

Certificates261H Certificates

(1)    If the operator of a contractual scheme which complies with the conditions necessary for it to enjoy the rights conferred by any relevant EU instrument so requests, the FCA may issue a certificate to the effect that the scheme complies with those conditions.

(2)    Such a certificate may be issued on the making of an authorisation order in respect of the scheme or at any subsequent time.

Rules261I Contractual scheme rules

(1)    The FCA may by rules (“contractual scheme rules”) make in relation to authorised contractual schemes provision corresponding to that which may be made under section 247 in relation to authorised unit trust schemes.

(2)    For the purposes of subsection (1), section 247 is to be read with the following modifications—

(a)    a reference to trust scheme rules is to be read as a reference to contractual scheme rules;

(b)    a reference to authorised unit trust schemes is to be read as a reference to authorised contractual schemes;

(c)    a reference to the manager is to be read as a reference to the operator;

(d)    a reference to the trustee is to be read as a reference to the depositary; and

(e)    a reference to the trust deed is to be read as a reference to the contractual scheme deed.

(3)    The Treasury's power by order under section 247(5) to modify the FCA's power to make trust scheme rules shall also be exercisable in relation to the FCA's power to make contractual scheme rules.

(4)    For the purposes of subsection (3), section 247(5) is to be read as if the reference to authorised unit trust schemes were a reference to authorised contractual schemes.

261J Contractual scheme particulars rules

(1)    The FCA may by rules (“contractual scheme particulars rules”) make in relation to authorised contractual schemes provision corresponding to that which may be made under section 248 in relation to authorised unit trust schemes.

(2)    For the purposes of subsection (1), section 248 is to be read with the following modifications—

(a)    a reference to scheme particulars rules is to be read as a reference to contractual scheme particulars rules;

(b)    a reference to scheme particulars is to be read as a reference to contractual scheme particulars; and

(c)    a reference to the manager of an authorised unit trust scheme is to be read as a reference to the operator of an authorised contractual scheme.

261K Disciplinary measures

(1)    If it appears to the FCA that an auditor has failed to comply with a duty imposed on the auditor by contractual scheme rules, it may do one or more of the following—

(a)    disqualify the auditor from being the auditor of any authorised unit trust scheme, authorised contractual scheme or authorised open-ended investment company;

(b)    publish a statement to the effect that it appears to the FCA that the auditor has failed to comply with the duty;

(c)    impose on the auditor a penalty, payable to the FCA, of such amount as the FCA considers appropriate.

(2)    Sections 345B to 345E have effect in relation to the taking of action under subsection (1) as they have effect in relation to the taking of action under section 345(2).

261L Modification or waiver of rules

(1)    In this section “rules” means—

(a)    contractual scheme rules; or

(b)    contractual scheme particulars rules.

(2)    The FCA may, on the application or with the consent of any person to whom rules apply, direct that all or any of the rules—

(a)    are not to apply to that person as respects a particular scheme; or

(b)    are to apply to that person, as respects a particular scheme, with such modifications as may be specified in the direction.

(3)    The FCA may, on the application or with the consent of the operator and depositary of a particular scheme acting jointly, direct that all or any of the rules—

(a)    are not to apply to the scheme; or

(b)    are to apply to the scheme with such modifications as may be specified in the direction.

(4)    Section 138A and subsections (1) to (3), (5) and (6) of section 138B have effect in relation to a direction under subsection (2) as they have effect in relation to a direction under section 138A(1) but with the following modifications—

(a)    any reference to the person is to be read as a reference to the person mentioned in subsection (2); and

(b)    section 138B(3)(c) is to be read, in relation to a participant in the scheme, as if the word “commercial” were omitted.

(5)    Section 138A and subsections (1) to (3), (5) and (6) of section 138B have effect in relation to a direction under subsection (3) as they have effect in relation to a direction under section 138A(1) but with the following modifications—

(a)    subsection (4)(a) of section 138A is to be read as if the words “by the person” were omitted;

(b)    section 138B(3)(c) and the definition of “immediate group” in section 421ZA as it applies to that section are to be read as if references to the person were references to each of the operator and the depositary of the scheme;

(c)    section 138B(3)(c) is to be read, in relation to a participant in the scheme, as if the word “commercial” were omitted;

(d)    section 138B(5) is to be read as if the reference to the person concerned were a reference to the scheme concerned and to its operator and depositary; and

(e)    section 138A(7) is to be read as if the reference to the person were a reference to the operator and depositary of the scheme acting jointly.

Co-ownership schemes: rights and liabilities of participants261M Contracts

(1)    In this section “authorised contract” means a contract which the operator of a co-ownership scheme is authorised to enter into on behalf of the relevant participants for the purposes of, or in connection with, the acquisition, management or disposal of property subject to the scheme (but does not include a contract by which a person becomes a participant in the scheme).

(2)    The relevant participants are—

(a)    in the case of a contract relating to a stand-alone co-ownership scheme, the participants in the scheme;

(b)    in the case of a contract relating to an umbrella co-ownership scheme, the participants in the sub-scheme of the umbrella co-ownership scheme to which the contract relates.

(3)    The operator on behalf of the relevant participants may—

(a)    exercise rights under an authorised contract;

(b)    bring and defend proceedings for the resolution of any matter relating to an authorised contract; and

(c)    take action in relation to the enforcement of any judgment given in such proceedings.

(4)    The relevant participants may not themselves do any of the things mentioned in subsection (3), but this does not affect their rights as against the operator.

(5)    A person who enters into a contract which purports to be an authorised contract is deemed to have actual knowledge of the scope of the authority given to the operator by the contractual scheme deed.

(6)    The validity of an authorised contract is not to be called into question on the ground that a participant lacks capacity to authorise the operator to enter into such a contract.

(7)    An authorised contract must make provision for any property which is acquired under or by virtue of the contract to be held by, or to the order of, the depositary of the scheme concerned.

261N Effect of becoming or ceasing to be a participant

(1)    A person who at any time becomes a participant in a relevant scheme acquires the rights and becomes subject to the liabilities to which the other participants in the relevant scheme are entitled or subject at that time under, or in connection with, authorised contracts.

(2)    A person who ceases to be a participant in a relevant scheme ceases to have any of the rights and to be subject to any of the liabilities to which a participant in the relevant scheme is entitled or subject under, or in connection with, authorised contracts.

(3)    In this section—

(a)    “authorised contract” has the meaning given in section 261M(1); and

(b)    each of the following is a “relevant scheme”—

(i)    a stand-alone co-ownership scheme; and

(ii)    a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme.

261O Limited liability

(1)    The debts of a relevant scheme are to be paid by the operator out of the property subject to the relevant scheme.

(2)    The participants in a relevant scheme are not liable for the debts of the relevant scheme beyond the amount of the property subject to the relevant scheme which is available to the operator to meet the debts.

(3)    In this section—

(a)    a reference to the debts of a relevant scheme is a reference to debts and obligations incurred under, or in connection with, authorised contracts;

(b)    “authorised contract” has the meaning given in section 261M(1); and

(c)    “relevant scheme” has the meaning given in section 261N(3).

261P Segregated liability in relation to umbrella co-ownership schemes

(1)    The property subject to a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme must not be used to discharge any liabilities of, or meet any claims against, any person other than the participants in that sub-scheme.

(2)    Any provision contained in any contract, agreement or other document is void in so far as it is inconsistent with subsection (1), and any transaction involving the application of property in contravention of that subsection is void.

(3)    The FCA may give a direction under section 261X(2) in relation to a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme as if the sub-scheme were an authorised contractual scheme, but this subsection does not enable the FCA to apply to the court for an order under section 261Y in relation to a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme.

(4)    Where such a direction is given, the reference in section 261Z1(6) to the scheme is to be read as a reference to the sub-scheme concerned.

Alterations261Q Alteration of contractual schemes and changes of operator or depositary

(1)    This section applies where the operator of an authorised contractual scheme proposes to make an alteration to the scheme, other than an alteration—

(a)    to which section 261S applies; or

(b)    to which Part 4 of the Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2011 (mergers) applies.

(2)    The operator must give written notice of the proposal to the FCA.

(3)    Any notice given in respect of a proposal to alter the scheme involving a change in the contractual scheme deed must be accompanied by a certificate signed by a solicitor to the effect that the change will not affect the compliance of the deed with the contractual scheme rules.

(4)    The operator of an authorised contractual scheme must give written notice to the FCA of any proposal to replace the depositary of the scheme.

(5)    The depositary of an authorised contractual scheme must give written notice to the FCA of any proposal to replace the operator of the scheme.

(6)    Effect is not to be given to any proposal of which notice has been given under subsection (2), (4) or (5) unless—

(a)    the FCA, by written notice, has given its approval to the proposal; or

(b)    one month, beginning with the date on which the notice was given, has expired without the operator or the depositary having received from the FCA a warning notice under section 261R in respect of the proposal.

(7)    The FCA must not approve a proposal to replace the operator or the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme unless it is satisfied that, if the proposed replacement is made, the scheme will continue to comply with the requirements of section 261D(4) to (9).

261R Procedure when refusing approval of a proposal under section 261Q

(1)    If the FCA proposes to refuse approval of a proposal under section 261Q to replace the depositary or operator of an authorised contractual scheme, it must give a warning notice to the person by whom notice of the proposal was given under section 261Q(4) or (5).

(2)    If the FCA proposes to refuse approval of a proposal under section 261Q to alter an authorised contractual scheme, it must give separate warning notices to the operator and the depositary of the scheme.

(3)    To be valid the warning notice must be received by the person to whom it is given before the end of one month beginning with the date on which notice of the proposal was given.

(4)    If, having given a warning notice to a person, the FCA decides to refuse approval—

(a)    it must give that person a decision notice; and

(b)    that person may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

261S Proposal to convert to a non-feeder UCITS

(1)    This section applies where the operator of an authorised contractual scheme which is a feeder UCITS proposes to make an alteration to the scheme which—

(a)    involves a change in the contractual scheme deed, and

(b)    will enable the scheme to convert into a UCITS which is not a feeder UCITS.

(2)    The operator must give written notice of the proposal to the FCA.

(3)    Any notice given in respect of such a proposal must be accompanied by—

(a)    a certificate signed by a solicitor to the effect that the change will not affect the compliance of the deed with the contractual scheme rules; and

(b)    the specified information.

(4)    The FCA must, within 15 working days after the date on which it received the notice under subsection (2), give—

(a)    written notice to the operator of the scheme that the FCA approves the proposed amendments to the contractual scheme deed, or

(b)    separate warning notices to the operator and depositary of the scheme that the FCA proposes to refuse approval of the proposed amendments.

(5)    Effect is not to be given to any proposal of which notice has been given under subsection (2) unless the FCA, by written notice, has given its approval to the proposal.

(6)    If, having given a warning notice to a person, the FCA decides to refuse approval—

(a)    it must give that person a decision notice; and

(b)    that person may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

(7)    Subsection (8) applies where—

(a)    the notice given under subsection (2) relates to a proposal to amend the contractual scheme deed of a feeder UCITS to enable it to convert into a UCITS which is not a feeder UCITS following the winding-up of its master UCITS; and

(b)    the proceeds of the winding-up are to be paid to the feeder UCITS before the date on which the feeder UCITS proposes to start investing in accordance with the new investment objectives and policy provided for in its amended contractual scheme deed and contractual scheme rules.

(8)    Where this subsection applies, the FCA may only approve the proposal subject to the conditions set out in section 283A(5) and (6).

(9)    In this section “specified” means—

(a)    specified in rules made by the FCA to implement the UCITS directive, or

(b)    specified in any directly applicable EU regulation or decision made under the UCITS directive.

Exclusion clauses261T Avoidance of exclusion clauses

Any provision—

(a)    of the contractual scheme deed of an authorised contractual scheme, or

(b)    in the case of an authorised contractual scheme which is a partnership scheme, of the contract under which the depositary of the scheme is appointed,

is void in so far as it would have the effect of exempting the operator or the depositary from liability for any failure to exercise due care and diligence in the discharge of its functions in respect of the scheme.

Ending of authorisation261U Revocation of authorisation order otherwise than by consent

(1)    An authorisation order may be revoked by an order made by the FCA if it appears to the FCA that—

(a)    one or more of the requirements for the making of the order are no longer satisfied;

(b)    the operator or depositary of the scheme concerned has contravened a requirement imposed on the operator or depositary by or under this Act;

(c)    the operator or depositary of the scheme has, in purported compliance with any such requirement, knowingly or recklessly given the FCA information which is false or misleading in a material particular;

(d)    no regulated activity is being carried on in relation to the scheme and the period of that inactivity began at least twelve months earlier; or

(e)    none of paragraphs (a) to (d) applies, but it is desirable to revoke the authorisation order in order to protect the interests of participants or potential participants in the scheme.

(2)    For the purposes of subsection (1)(e), the FCA may take into account any matter relating to—

(a)    the scheme;

(b)    the operator or depositary;

(c)    any person employed by or associated with the operator or depositary in connection with the scheme;

(d)    any director of the operator or depositary;

(e)    any person exercising influence over the operator or depositary;

(f)    any body corporate in the same group as the operator or depositary;

(g)    any director of any such body corporate;

(h)    any person exercising influence over any such body corporate.

261V Procedure for revoking authorisation order

(1)    If the FCA proposes to make an order under section 261U revoking an authorisation order (“a revoking order”), it must give separate warning notices to the operator and the depositary of the scheme.

(2)    If the FCA decides to make a revoking order, it must without delay give each of them a decision notice and either of them may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

261W Requests for revocation of authorisation order

(1)    An authorisation order may be revoked by an order made by the FCA at the request of the operator or depositary of the scheme concerned.

(2)    If the FCA makes an order under subsection (1), it must give written notice of the order to the operator and depositary of the scheme concerned.

(3)    The FCA may refuse a request to make an order under this section if it considers that—

(a)    the public interest requires that any matter concerning the scheme should be investigated before a decision is taken as to whether the authorisation order should be revoked; or

(b)    revocation would not be in the interests of the participants or would be incompatible with an EU obligation.

(4)    If the FCA proposes to refuse a request under this section, it must give separate warning notices to the operator and the depositary of the scheme.

(5)    If the FCA decides to refuse the request, it must without delay give each of them a decision notice and either of them may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

Powers of intervention261X Directions

(1)    The FCA may give a direction under this section if it appears to the FCA that—

(a)    one or more of the requirements for the making of an authorisation order are no longer satisfied;

(b)    the operator or depositary of an authorised contractual scheme has contravened, or is likely to contravene, a requirement imposed—

(i)    by or under this Act; or

(ii)    by any directly applicable EU regulation or decision made under the UCITS directive;

(c)    the operator or depositary of such a scheme has, in purported compliance with any such requirement, knowingly or recklessly given the FCA information which is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(d)    none of paragraphs (a) to (c) applies, but it is desirable to give a direction in order to protect the interests of participants or potential participants in such a scheme.

(2)    A direction under this section may—

(a)    require the operator of the scheme to cease the issue or redemption, or both the issue and redemption, of units under the scheme;

(b)    require the operator and depositary of the scheme to wind it up.

(3)    If the authorisation order is revoked, the revocation does not affect any direction under this section which is then in force.

(4)    A direction may be given under this section in relation to a scheme in the case of which the authorisation order has been revoked.

(5)    If a person contravenes a direction under this section, section 138D applies to the contravention as it applies to a contravention mentioned in that section.

(6)    The FCA may revoke or vary a direction given under this section, either on its own initiative or on the application of a person to whom the direction was given, if it appears to the FCA—

(a)    in the case of revocation, that it is no longer necessary for the direction to take effect or continue in force;

(b)    in the case of variation, that the direction should take effect or continue in force in a different form.

261Y Applications to the court

(1)    If the FCA could give a direction under section 261X, it may also apply to the court for an order—

(a)    removing the operator or the depositary, or both the operator and the depositary, of the scheme; and

(b)    replacing the person or persons removed with a suitable person or persons nominated by the FCA.

(2)    The FCA may nominate a person for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) only if it is satisfied that, if the order was made, the requirements of section 261D(4) to (9) would be complied with.

(3)    If it appears to the FCA that there is no person it can nominate for the purposes of subsection (1)(b), it may apply to the court for an order—

(a)    removing the operator or the depositary, or both the operator and the depositary, of the scheme; and

(b)    appointing an authorised person to wind up the scheme.

(4)    On an application under this section the court may make such order as it thinks fit.

(5)    The court may, on the application of the FCA, rescind any such order as is mentioned in subsection (3) and substitute such an order as is mentioned in subsection (1).

(6)    The FCA must give written notice of the making of an application under this section to the operator and depositary of the scheme concerned.

(7)    The jurisdiction conferred by this section may be exercised by—

(a)    the High Court;

(b)    in Scotland, the Court of Session.

261Z Winding up or merger of master UCITS

(1)    Subsection (2) applies if a master UCITS which has one or more feeder UCITS which are authorised contractual schemes is wound up, whether as a result of a direction given by the FCA under section 257 or 261X, an order of the court under section 258 or 261Y, rules made by the FCA or otherwise.

(2)    The FCA must direct the operator and depositary of any authorised contractual scheme which is a feeder UCITS of the master UCITS to wind up the feeder UCITS unless—

(a)    the FCA approves under section 283A the investment by the feeder UCITS of at least 85% of the total property which is subject to the collective investment scheme constituted by the feeder UCITS in units of another UCITS or master UCITS; or

(b)    the FCA approves under section 261S an amendment of the contractual scheme deed of the feeder UCITS which would enable it to convert into a UCITS which is not a feeder UCITS.

(3)    Subsection (4) applies if a master UCITS which has one or more feeder UCITS which are authorised contractual schemes—

(a)    merges with another UCITS, or

(b)    is divided into two or more UCITS.

(4)    The FCA must direct the operator and depositary of any authorised contractual scheme which is a feeder UCITS of the master UCITS to wind up the scheme unless—

(a)    the FCA approves under section 283A the investment by the scheme of at least 85% of the total property which is subject to the collective investment scheme constituted by the feeder UCITS in the units of—

(i)    the master UCITS which results from the merger;

(ii)    one of the UCITS resulting from the division; or

(iii)    another UCITS or master UCITS;

(b)    the FCA approves under section 261S an amendment of the contractual scheme deed of the scheme concerned which would enable it to convert into a UCITS which is not a feeder UCITS.

261Z1 Procedure on giving directions under section 261X or 261Z and varying them on FCA's own initiative

(1)    A direction under section 261X or 261Z takes effect—

(a)    immediately, if the notice given under subsection (3) states that that is the case;

(b)    on such date as may be specified in the notice; or

(c)    if no date is specified in the notice, when the matter to which it relates is no longer open to review.

(2)    A direction under section 261X may be expressed to take effect immediately (or on a specified date) only if the FCA, having regard to the ground on which it is exercising its power under that section, considers that it is necessary for the direction to take effect immediately (or on that date).

(3)    If the FCA proposes to give a direction under section 261X or 261Z, or gives a direction under either section with immediate effect, it must give separate written notice to the operator and the depositary of the scheme concerned.

(4)    The notice must—

(a)    give details of the direction;

(b)    inform the person to whom it is given of when the direction takes effect;

(c)    state the FCA's reasons for giving the direction and for its determination as to when the direction takes effect;

(d)    inform the person to whom it is given that representations may be made to the FCA within such period as may be specified in it (whether or not the matter has been referred to the Tribunal); and

(e)    inform the person to whom it is given of the right to refer the matter to the Tribunal.

(5)    If the direction imposes a requirement under section 261X(2)(a), the notice must state that the requirement has effect until—

(a)    a specified date; or

(b)    a further direction.

(6)    If the direction is given under section 261X(2)(b) or section 261Z(2) or (4), the scheme must be wound up—

(a)    by a date specified in the notice; or

(b)    if no date is specified, as soon as practicable.

(7)    The FCA may extend the period allowed under the notice for making representations.

(8)    If, having considered any representations made by a person to whom the notice was given, the FCA decides—

(a)    to give the direction in the way proposed, or

(b)    if it has been given, not to revoke the direction,

it must give separate written notice to the operator and the depositary of the scheme concerned.

(9)    If, having considered any representations made by a person to whom the notice was given, the FCA decides—

(a)    not to give the direction in the way proposed,

(b)    to give the direction in a way other than that proposed, or

(c)    to revoke a direction which has effect,

it must give separate written notice to the operator and the depositary of the scheme concerned.

(10)    A notice given under subsection (8) must inform the persons to whom it is given of the right to refer the matter to the Tribunal.

(11)    A notice under subsection (9)(b) must comply with subsection (4).

(12)    If a notice informs a person of the right to refer a matter to the Tribunal, it must give an indication of the procedure on such a reference.

(13)    This section applies to the variation of a direction on the FCA's own initiative as it applies to the giving of a direction.

(14)    For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), whether a matter is open to review is to be determined in accordance with section 391(8).

261Z2 Procedure: refusal to revoke or vary direction

(1)    If on an application under section 261X(6) for a direction to be revoked or varied the FCA proposes—

(a)    to vary the direction otherwise than in accordance with the application, or

(b)    to refuse to revoke or vary the direction,

it must give the applicant a warning notice.

(2)    If the FCA decides to refuse to revoke or vary the direction—

(a)    it must give the applicant a decision notice; and

(b)    the applicant may refer the matter to the Tribunal.

261Z3 Procedure: revocation of direction and grant of request for variation

(1)    If the FCA decides on its own initiative to revoke a direction under section 261X it must give separate written notice of its decision to the operator and the depositary of the scheme.

(2)    If on an application under section 261X(6) for a direction to be revoked or varied the FCA decides to revoke the direction or vary it in accordance with the application, it must give the applicant written notice of its decision.

(3)    A notice under this section must specify the date on which the decision takes effect.

(4)    The FCA may publish such information about the revocation or variation, in such way, as it considers appropriate.

261Z4 Information for home state regulator

(1)    Subsection (2) applies if, in accordance with rules made by the FCA to implement Article 66 of the UCITS directive, the FCA is informed by the operator of an authorised contractual scheme which is a master UCITS that a feeder UCITS which invests in units of the scheme is an EEA UCITS.

(2)    The FCA must immediately inform the home state regulator of the feeder UCITS of the investment made by that UCITS in the master UCITS.

261Z5 Information for feeder UCITS

(1)    The FCA must immediately inform the operator of any authorised contractual scheme which is a feeder UCITS of an authorised unit trust scheme, an authorised contractual scheme or an authorised open-ended investment company (the master UCITS) of—

(a)    any failure of which the FCA becomes aware by the master UCITS to comply with a provision made in implementation of Chapter VIII of the UCITS directive;

(b)    any warning notice or decision notice given to the master UCITS in relation to a contravention of any provision made in implementation of Chapter VIII of the UCITS directive by or under any enactment or in rules of the FCA;

(c)    any information reported to the FCA pursuant to rules of the FCA made to implement Article 106(1) of the UCITS directive which relates to the master UCITS, or to one or more of its directors, or its management company, trustee, depositary or auditor.

(2)    The FCA must immediately inform the operator of any authorised contractual scheme which is a feeder UCITS of an EEA UCITS of any information received from the home state regulator of the EEA UCITS in relation to—

(a)    any failure by the EEA UCITS to comply with any requirement in Chapter VIII of the UCITS directive;

(b)    any decision or measure imposed on the EEA UCITS under provisions implementing Chapter VIII of the UCITS directive;

(c)    any information reported to the home state regulator pursuant to Article 106(1) of the UCITS directive relating to the EEA UCITS, its operator, depositary or auditor.

(3)    Where the FCA has the information described in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) in relation to an authorised contractual scheme which is a master UCITS for one or more feeder UCITS which are EEA UCITS, the FCA must immediately give that information to the home state regulator of each feeder UCITS established outside the United Kingdom.”.

(13)    In section 270 (schemes authorised in designated countries or territories), in subsection (4)—

(a)    after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    authorised contractual schemes which are co-ownership schemes;

(ab)    authorised contractual schemes which are partnership schemes;”; and

(b)    for paragraph (c) substitute—

“(c)    any two or more of the kinds of collective investment scheme mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (b).”.

(14)    In section 272 (individually recognised overseas schemes), in subsection (6)—

(a)    after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    authorised contractual schemes which are co-ownership schemes;

(ab)    authorised contractual schemes which are partnership schemes;”; and

(b)    for paragraph (c) substitute—

“(c)    any two or more of the kinds of collective investment scheme mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (b).”.

(15)    In section 283A (master-feeder structures), in sub-paragraph (ii) of subsection (5)(b), after “the trust deed” insert “, contractual scheme deed”.

(16)    In section 347 (the record of authorised persons etc)—

(a)    in subsection (1), after paragraph (b) insert—

“(ba)    authorised contractual scheme;”;

(b)    in subsection (2), after paragraph (b) insert—

“(ba)    in the case of an authorised contractual scheme, the name and address of the operator and depositary of the scheme;”; and

(c)    in subsection (7), after ““Authorised unit trust scheme”,” insert ““authorised contractual scheme”,”.

(17)    In section 351A (disclosure under the UCITS directive)—

(a)    in subsection (2)—

(i)    in paragraphs (a) and (c), after “authorised unit trust scheme” insert “or authorised contractual scheme”;

(ii)    after paragraph (b) insert—

“(ba)    the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme that is a master UCITS;”;

(iii)    after paragraph (d) omit “or” and insert—

“(da)    the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme that is a feeder UCITS; or”;

(iv)    for paragraph (e) substitute—

“(e)    a person acting on behalf of a person within any of paragraphs (a) to (da)”; and

(b)    in subsection (4), after ““authorised unit trust scheme”,” insert ““authorised contractual scheme”,”.

(18)    In section 391 (publication), in subsection (1ZB)(m), after “section 249(1)” insert “or 261K(1)”.

(19)    In section 392 (application of sections 393 and 394)—

(a)    in paragraph (a)—

(i)    after “255(1),” insert “261V(1),”;

(ii)    after “249(1)” insert “or 261K(1)”; and

(b)    in paragraph (b)—

(i)    after “255(2),” insert “261V(2),”; and

(ii)    after “249(1)” insert “or 261K(1)”.

(20)    In section 395 (the FCA's and PRA's procedures), in subsection (13), after paragraph (d) insert—

“(da)    261Z1(3), (8) or (9)(b);”.

(21)    In Schedule 1ZA (the Financial Conduct Authority), in paragraph 8(3)(c)(ii), for “or section 249(1)” insert “, section 249(1) or 261K(1)”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Professions & Ethics59 Partnership & Limited Partnership59 Contract Law59 Financial Services & Activities59 Terms59 Company Law & Business Entities59 Insurance Law59 Investment Management & Funds59 Banking & Finance Law59 Limited Partnerships59 Auditing & Actuarial Services59 Finance & Accounting59 Partnership Dissolution59 Property (Scots Law)59

4 Amendment to the Stock Transfer Act 1963

4Amendment to the Stock Transfer Act 1963

In section 1 of the Stock Transfer Act 1963 (simplified transfer of securities), in subsection (4)(e), after “units of an authorised unit trust scheme” insert “, an authorised contractual scheme”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities93 Insurance Law93 Banking & Finance Law93

5 Amendment to the Corporation Tax Act 2010

5Amendment to the Corporation Tax Act 2010

In section 1121 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (“company”), in subsection (1), after “does not include a partnership,” insert “a co-ownership scheme (as defined by section 235A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000),”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities93 Company Law & Business Entities93 Insurance Law93 Companies & Corporate Bodies93 Banking & Finance Law93 Corporation Tax99 Tax Law99

6 Amendment to the Financial Services Act 2012

6Amendment to the Financial Services Act 2012

In section 85 of the Financial Services Act 2012 (relevant functions in relation to complaints scheme), in subsection (4)(c)(ii), after “section 249(1)” insert “or 261K(1)”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities95 Regulation & Offences92 Insurance Law95 Banking & Finance Law95

7 The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975

Part3Amendments to Secondary Legislation 7The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975

(1)    The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 2, in paragraph (1)—

(a)    after the definition of “day care premises” insert—

““depositary”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”; and

(b)    after the definition of “open-ended investment company” insert—

““operator”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”.

(3)    In article 3(g), in the table, after entry 3 insert the following entry—

“3A(a)The operator or depositary of an authorised contractual scheme (within the meaning of section 237(3) of the 2000 Act).The FCA.
(b)An associate of the person (whether or not an individual) mentioned in sub-paragraph (a).”

(4)    In article 4, after paragraph (d)(vi) insert—

“(via)    to refuse to make, or to revoke, an order declaring a contractual scheme to be an authorised contractual scheme under section 261D of the 2000 Act or to refuse to give its approval under section 261Q of the 2000 Act to a proposal to replace the operator or depositary of such a scheme,

(vib)    to give a direction under section 261X of the 2000 Act or to vary (or to refuse to vary or revoke) such a direction,”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities94 Insurance Law94 Banking & Finance Law94

8 The Rehabilitation of Offenders (Exceptions) Order (Northern Ireland) 1979

8The Rehabilitation of Offenders (Exceptions) Order (Northern Ireland) 1979

(1)    The Rehabilitation of Offenders (Exceptions) Order (Northern Ireland) 1979 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 1, in paragraph (2)—

(a)    after the definition of “day care” insert—

““depositary”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”; and

(b)    after the definition of “open-ended investment company” insert—

““operator”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”.

(3)    In article 2(e), in the table, after entry 3 insert the following entry—

“3A(a)The operator or depositary of an authorised contractual scheme (within the meaning of section 237(3) of the 2000 Act).The FCA.
(b)An associate of the person (whether or not an individual) mentioned in sub-paragraph (a).”

(4)    In article 3, after paragraph (d)(vi) insert—

“(via)    to refuse to make, or to revoke, an order declaring a contractual scheme to be an authorised contractual scheme under section 261D of the 2000 Act or to refuse to give its approval under section 261Q of the 2000 Act to a proposal to replace the operator or depositary of such a scheme,

(vib)    to give a direction under section 261X of the 2000 Act or to vary (or to refuse to vary or revoke) such a direction,”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities94 Insurance Law94 Banking & Finance Law94

9 The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001

9The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001

(1)    The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 51 (establishing etc a collective investment scheme)—

(a)    in paragraph (1), after sub-paragraph (b) insert—

“(bb)    acting as the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme;”; and

(b)    in paragraph (2), after ““authorised unit trust scheme”” insert ““, authorised contractual scheme””.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities93 Insurance Law93 Banking & Finance Law93

10 The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Promotion of Collective Investment Schemes) (Exemptions) Order 2001

10The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Promotion of Collective Investment Schemes) (Exemptions) Order 2001

(1)    The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Promotion of Collective Investment Schemes) (Exemptions) Order 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 2 (interpretation: general), in paragraph (1)—

(a)    for the definition of “authorised unit trust scheme” substitute—

““authorised contractual scheme” and “authorised unit trust scheme” have the meaning given in section 237(3) of the Act;”; and

(b)    in the definition of “unregulated scheme”, after “authorised unit trust scheme” insert “nor an authorised contractual scheme”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities93 Insurance Law93 Investment Management & Funds96 Banking & Finance Law93

11 The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Collective Investment Schemes) Order 2001

11The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Collective Investment Schemes) Order 2001

(1)    The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Collective Investment Schemes) Order 2001 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 2 (interpretation)—

(a)    for the definition of “authorised unit trust scheme” substitute—

““authorised contractual scheme” and “authorised unit trust scheme” have the meaning given in section 237(3) of the Act;”; and

(b)    for the definition of “feeder fund” substitute—

““feeder fund” means an authorised unit trust scheme the sole object of which is investment in units of a single authorised unit trust scheme, in units of a single authorised contractual scheme or in shares in a single open-ended investment company;”.

(3)    In the Schedule (arrangements not amounting to a collective investment scheme), in paragraph 1 (individual investment management arrangements), in sub-paragraph (a)(ii), after “authorised unit trust schemes,” insert “authorised contractual schemes,”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities93 Insurance Law93 Investment Management & Funds96 Banking & Finance Law93

12 The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Stakeholder Products) Regulations 2004

12The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Stakeholder Products) Regulations 2004

(1)    The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Stakeholder Products) Regulations 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)    In regulation 2 (interpretation), in paragraph (1)—

(a)    for the definition of “manager” substitute—

““manager” means—

(a)    the operator of a relevant collective investment scheme which is an authorised contractual scheme;

(b)    the manager of any other relevant collective investment scheme; or

(c)    the insurer of a relevant linked long-term contract;”;

(b)    after the definition of “manager” insert—

““operator”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”; and

(c)    in the definition of “relevant collective investment scheme”, after “authorised unit trust scheme,” insert “an authorised contractual scheme,”.

(3)    In regulation 9 (permitted reductions in investor's rights and investment property), in paragraph (9)(e), after paragraph (i) omit “or” and insert—

“(ia)    to arrange for the investor to receive a copy of the annual report and accounts issued to investors by the manager of an authorised contractual scheme in which the investment scheme is invested directly or indirectly, or to receive any other information issued to investors by the manager of such a scheme, or”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Contract Law94 Financial Services & Activities94 Terms94 Insurance Law94 Investment Management & Funds94 Banking & Finance Law94

13 The Limited Partnerships (Forms) Rules 2009

13The Limited Partnerships (Forms) Rules 2009

(1)    The Limited Partnerships (Forms) Rules 2009 are amended as follows.

(2)    For the form in Part 2 of the Schedule to the Rules (form for registering changes to limited partnerships) substitute the form in Schedule 1 to these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Limited Partnership95 Financial Services & Activities94 Company Law & Business Entities95 Insurance Law94 Banking & Finance Law94 Limited Partnerships95

14 The Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2011

14The Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2011

(1)    Part 4 of the Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2011 (mergers) is amended as follows.

(2)    In regulation 7 (interpretation), in paragraph (1)—

(a)    in the definition of “depositary”—

(i)    omit the word “means” immediately after “depositary”;

(ii)    after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    in relation to an authorised contractual scheme means the person by whom, or to whose order, the property subject to the scheme is held;”;

(b)    in the definition of “managers”—

(i)    for “managers” substitute “manager”;

(ii)    after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, the operator of that scheme,”;

(c)    in the definition of “UCITS”, after “open-ended investment company,” insert “an authorised contractual scheme”;

(d)    in the definition of “unit-holders”—

(i)    in paragraph (a) for “UCITS” substitute “company”;

(ii)    after paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa)    in the case of an authorised contractual scheme, the unit-holders in that scheme; and”; and

(e)    in the definition of “units”, in paragraph (b), after “authorised unit trust scheme” insert “or an authorised contractual scheme”.

(3)    In regulation 8, in paragraph (1), after “new company” insert “, contractual scheme”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Financial Services & Activities94 Company Law & Business Entities99 Insurance Law94 Investment Management & Funds94 Banking & Finance Law94

15 The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exclusions and Exceptions) (Scotland) Order 2013

15The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exclusions and Exceptions) (Scotland) Order 2013

(1)    The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exclusions and Exceptions) (Scotland) Order 2013 is amended as follows.

(2)    In article 2 (interpretation), in paragraph (1)—

(a)    after the definition of “Council of Lloyd's” insert—

““depositary”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”; and

(b)    after the definition of “open-ended investment company” insert—

““operator”, in relation to an authorised contractual scheme, has the meaning given in section 237(2) of the 2000 Act;”.

(3)    In Schedule 2 (financial services)—

(a)    in Part 1, in paragraph 1, after sub-paragraph (f) insert—

“(fa)    to refuse to make, or to revoke, an order declaring a contractual scheme to be an authorised contractual scheme under section 261D of the 2000 Act or to refuse to give its approval under section 261Q of the 2000 Act to a proposal to replace the operator or depositary of such a scheme;

(fb)    to give a direction under section 261X of the 2000 Act or to vary (or to refuse to vary or revoke) such a direction;”; and

(b)    in Part 2, in the table, after the entry in paragraph 3 insert the following entry—

“3A(1)The operator or depositary of an authorised contractual scheme (within the meaning of section 237(3) of the 2000 Act).The FCA.
(2)An associate of the person (whether or not an individual) mentioned in sub-paragraph (1).”
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Financial Services & Activities94 Company Law & Business Entities99 Insurance Law94 Investment Management & Funds95 Banking & Finance Law94

16 Partnership schemes

Part4Modification of the Limited Partnerships Act 1907 16Partnership schemes

(1)    The Limited Partnerships Act 1907 has effect with the following modifications in its application to a partnership scheme in respect of which an authorisation order is made.

(2)    In this regulation “authorisation order” means an order made under section 261D(1) of FSMA.

(3)    Section 4 (definition and constitution of limited partnership) is to be read as if—

(a)    in subsection (2)—

(i)    after the words “general partners, who” there were inserted “, subject to regulations 18 and 19 of the Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (Contractual Scheme) Regulations 2013,”;

(ii)    for the words “who shall not be liable for the debts or obligations of the firm beyond the amount so contributed” there were substituted “whose liability for the debts or obligations of the firm is as set out in subsections (2A) and (2B).”;

(b)    after subsection (2) there were inserted—

“(2A)    The limited partners are not liable for the debts or obligations of the firm beyond the amount of the partnership property which is available to the general partner to meet such debts or obligations.

(2B)    A person (“P”) who ceases to be a limited partner ceases to have any liability for the debts or obligations of the firm.

(2C)    Subsection (2B) does not prevent the debts and obligations of the firm from being taken into account, after P has ceased to be a limited partner, in determining the value of P's share in the partnership.”; and

(c)    subsection (3) were omitted.

(4)    In section 6 (modifications of general law in case of limited partnerships)—

(a)    subsection (1) is to be read as if at the end there were inserted—

“For the purposes of this subsection, the exercise of rights conferred on limited partners by rules made under section 261I of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 does not constitute taking part in the management of the partnership business.”.

(b)    in subsection (3), the reference to the general partners is to be read as a reference to the general partner and the depositary of the partnership scheme; and

(c)    subsection (5) is to be read as if—

(i)    the words “Subject to any agreement expressed or implied between the partners” were omitted; and

(ii)    in paragraph (b), at the beginning there were inserted “Subject to any express agreement between the partners,”.

(5)    Section 7 (law as to private partnerships to apply where not excluded by this Act) is to be read as if after the words “Subject to the provisions of this Act” there were inserted “as modified by regulation 16 of the Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (Contractual Scheme) Regulations 2013”.

(6)    In section 9 (registration of changes in partnerships), subsection (1) is to be read as if—

(a)    paragraphs (d) and (f) were omitted; and

(b)    the changes giving rise to a duty to send a statement to the registrar included—

(i)    the making and the revocation of an authorisation order in respect of a limited partnership; and

(ii)    any change in the general partner or the name of the general partner of the limited partnership.

(7)    Section 10 (advertisement in Gazette of statement of general partner becoming a limited partner and of assignment of share of limited partner) does not apply.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability96 Partnership & Limited Partnership96 Financial Services & Activities93 Company Law & Business Entities96 Insurance Law93 Banking & Finance Law93 Limited Partnerships98

17 Co-ownership schemes: winding up by the court

Part5Winding Up Insolvent Contractual Schemes 17Co-ownership schemes: winding up by the court

(1)    In this regulation and in Schedules 2 to 5—

(a)    each of the following is a “relevant scheme”—

(i)    a stand-alone co-ownership scheme;

(ii)    a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme;

(b)    in relation to a relevant scheme—

(i)    a reference to a creditor is a reference to a person to whom a sum is or may become payable in respect of a debt of the relevant scheme;

(ii)    a reference to a debt is a reference to any debt or obligation incurred for the purposes of, or in connection with, the acquisition, management or disposal of property subject to the relevant scheme;

(iii)    a reference to a liability is a reference to any liability (including any contingent or prospective liability) of the participants in the relevant scheme for a debt of the relevant scheme; and

(c)    in relation to a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme, a reference to the operator or the depositary is a reference to the operator or the depositary of the umbrella co-ownership scheme in relation to which that sub-scheme forms a separate pool of the contributions of the participants and the profits and income out of which payments are made to them.

(2)    Subject to the provisions of this regulation, a relevant scheme may be wound up under the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order as if it were an unregistered company (within the meaning of the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order as the case may be).

(3)    The High Court has jurisdiction to wind up a relevant scheme if the depositary of the relevant scheme has a place of business situated in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

(4)    The Court of Session has jurisdiction to wind up a relevant scheme if the depositary of the relevant scheme has a place of business situated in Scotland.

(5)    If the depositary of a relevant scheme has a place of business situated in Northern Ireland, the relevant scheme may not be wound up under Part 5 of the 1986 Act (winding up of unregistered companies) unless the depositary has a place of business situated in England and Wales or Scotland, or in both England and Wales and Scotland.

(6)    If the depositary of a relevant scheme has a place of business situated in England and Wales or Scotland, the relevant scheme may not be wound up under Part 6 of the 1989 Order (winding up of unregistered companies) unless the depositary has a place of business situated in Northern Ireland.

(7)    If the depositary of a relevant scheme has a place of business situated in both England and Wales and Scotland—

(a)    the High Court has jurisdiction to wind up the relevant scheme if the winding up proceedings are instituted in England and Wales; and

(b)    the Court of Session has jurisdiction to wind up the relevant scheme if the winding up proceedings are instituted in Scotland.

(8)    Schedules 2 to 5 (which make provision about the application in relation to the winding up of relevant schemes of provisions in the 1986 Act, the 1989 Order, the Insolvency Rules 1986, the Insolvency (Scotland) Rules 1986 and the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) 1991) have effect.

(9)    An application to the High Court or the Court of Session for the winding up of a relevant scheme is to be made by petition presented—

(a)    by the operator or any creditor of the relevant scheme;

(b)    by the FCA;

(c)    in a case falling within section 124A of the 1986 Act (petition for winding up on grounds of public interest), as modified by Schedule 2, by the Secretary of State; or

(d)    in a case falling within Article 104A of the 1989 Order (petition for winding up on grounds of public interest), as modified by Schedule 2, by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.

(10)    The operator of a relevant scheme, upon presenting a petition for the winding up of the relevant scheme or being served with such a petition, must immediately—

(a)    cease entering into contracts which are binding on the participants;

(b)    cease making payments under authorised contracts; and

(c)    except where the operator has already done so pursuant to a direction given by the FCA, cease the issue and redemption of units under the relevant scheme.

(11)    Where the court makes an order dismissing a petition presented for the winding up of a relevant scheme, the prohibitions imposed by paragraph (10) cease to apply in relation to the scheme upon the making of the order.

(12)    Where, upon hearing a petition presented for the winding up of a relevant scheme, the court makes a winding-up order, the operator ceases to have the authority which was given in relation to the relevant scheme in accordance with section 235A(4)(d) of FSMA.

(13)    A relevant scheme is not an unincorporated body for the purposes of section 6(1) of the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 (sequestration of other estates).

(14)    Section 370 of FSMA (liquidator's duty to report to FCA and PRA) has effect with the following modifications in relation to a relevant scheme which is being wound up on a petition presented by any person—

(a)    in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) and paragraph (a) of subsection (2) the reference to a body is to be read as a reference to the relevant scheme; and

(b)    in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) and paragraph (b) of subsection (2) the reference to the body is to be read as a reference to the operator or the depositary of the relevant scheme.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 PSL - Restructuring & Insolvency - Winding Up By The Court Search96 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Company Law & Business Entities99 Winding Up of Unregistered & Unincorporated Companies94 Civil Procedure & Administration of Justice95 Winding Up by the Court99 Civil Courts95 Liquidation94 Insolvency Law94

18 Partnership schemes: liability of the general partner (England and Wales and Northern Ireland)

18Partnership schemes: liability of the general partner (England and Wales and Northern Ireland)

(1)    In this regulation—

“authorisation order” means an order made under section 261D(1) of FSMA;

“authorised partnership” means a partnership scheme in respect of which an authorisation order has been made (even if revoked); and

“relevant debts and obligations”, in relation to an authorised partnership, means debts and obligations of the partnership which are incurred while the authorisation order made in respect of the partnership is in force.

(2)    In paragraph (4)—

(a)    a reference to a section is a reference to a section of the 1986 Act; and

(b)    a reference to an Article is a reference to an Article of the 1989 Order.

(3)    Where an authorised partnership is wound up by the court as an unregistered company under Part 5 of the 1986 Act or Part 6 of the 1989 Order, the general partner of the partnership has no personal liability for relevant debts and obligations.

(4)    Paragraph (3) is without prejudice to the power of the court—

(a)    to make an order under section 212 or Article 176 (summary remedy against delinquent directors, liquidators, etc) compelling the general partner to repay, restore or account for any money or property or to contribute to the assets of the partnership;

(b)    if the court refuses to examine into the conduct of the general partner on an application under section 212 or Article 176, to make a judgment or order in other proceedings brought against the general partner on any ground on which an application may be made under section 212 or Article 176;

(c)    to give directions under section 215 (proceedings under ss 213, 214) for giving effect to a declaration under section 213 (fraudulent trading) or section 214 (wrongful trading) that the general partner is liable to make a contribution to the assets of the partnership; or

(d)    to give directions under Article 179 (proceedings under Articles 177 and 178) for giving effect to a declaration under Article 177 (fraudulent trading) or Article 178 (wrongful trading) that the general partner is liable to make a contribution to the assets of the partnership.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability97 Partnership & Limited Partnership97 Partnership Dissolution98 Company Law & Business Entities97 Liquidation97 Insolvency Law97 Limited Partnerships95 Liquidation Offences97

19 Partnership schemes: liability of the general partner (Scotland)

19Partnership schemes: liability of the general partner (Scotland)

(1)    In this regulation—

“the Act” means the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985;

“authorisation order” means an order made under section 261D(1) of FSMA;

“authorised partnership” means a partnership scheme in respect of which an authorisation order has been made (even if revoked); and

“relevant debts and obligations”, in relation to an authorised partnership, means debts and obligations of the partnership which are incurred while the authorisation order made in respect of the partnership is in force.

(2)    The Act has effect with the following modifications in its application to an authorised partnership—

(a)    in section 6 (sequestration of other estates), in subsection (4), paragraph (b) is to be read as if after sub-paragraph (i) there were inserted—

“(ia)    the Financial Conduct Authority;”;

(b)    the following provisions are to be read as if after the words “presented by a creditor” there were inserted “, the Financial Conduct Authority”—

(i)    in section 2 (appointment and functions of the trustee in the sequestration), subsections (5) and (7)(a);

(ii)    in section 12 (when sequestration is awarded), subsections (2), (3) and (4)(b);

(iii)    in section 15 (further provisions relating to award of sequestration), subsection (5);

(iv)    in section 70 (supplies by utilities), subsection (1)(b); and

(c)    in section 12, in subsection (3)(d), after “a creditor” insert “or the Financial Conduct Authority”.

(3)    Where sequestration of the estate of an authorised partnership is awarded under section 12(1) or (3) of the Act, the general partner of the partnership has no personal liability for relevant debts and obligations.

(4)    Paragraph (3) is without prejudice to the power of the court to make an order compelling the general partner to repay, restore or account for any money or property, or to contribute to the assets of the partnership, if the general partner has misapplied or retained, or become accountable for, any money or other property of the partnership, or been guilty of any misfeasance or breach of any fiduciary or other duty in relation to the partnership.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability96 Partnership & Limited Partnership96 Equity & Trusts99 Company Law & Business Entities96 Fiduciaries99

20 Interpretation of Part

Part6Transfer of Units in Contractual Schemes by Means of Electronic Communication 20Interpretation of Part

In this Part—

“contractual scheme deed” has the meaning given in section 235A(8) of FSMA; and

“electronic communication” has the meaning given in section 15(1) of the Electronic Communications Act 2000.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Company Law & Business Entities99

21 Dispositions of units in co-ownership schemes

21Dispositions of units in co-ownership schemes

(1)    This regulation extends to England and Wales only.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (4), section 53(1)(c) of the Law of Property Act 1925 (which imposes requirements for certain dispositions to be in writing) does not apply (if it would otherwise do so) to a disposition of units in a stand-alone co-ownership scheme or a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme where—

(a)    the disposition is by means of electronic communication;

(b)    the electronic communication is made by the person disposing of the units or by that person's agent authorised in writing or by will; and

(c)    such evidence as the operator or depositary of the scheme, being the person responsible for maintaining a register of the holders of units in accordance with the contractual scheme deed, may require to prove the right of the person referred to in sub-paragraph (b) to dispose of the units is provided to the operator or depositary.

(3)    The operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) may refuse to register a transfer of units by means of electronic communication.

(4)    Paragraph (2) has no effect in a particular case if the operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) refuses to register the transfer of units which would, apart from paragraph (3), be made by the disposition in that case.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Agency99 Contract Law99 Company Law & Business Entities99 Commercial Law99

22 Gratuitous unilateral obligations relating to units in authorised contractual schemes

22Gratuitous unilateral obligations relating to units in authorised contractual schemes

(1)    This regulation extends to Scotland only.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (5), section 1(2)(a)(ii) of the Requirements of Writing (Scotland) Act 1995 (which requires certain gratuitous unilateral obligations to be in writing) does not apply (if it would otherwise do so) to any gratuitous unilateral obligation relating to units in an authorised contractual scheme where—

(a)    the obligation is created by means of electronic communication;

(b)    the electronic communication is made by the debtor in the obligation; and

(c)    such evidence as the operator or depositary of the scheme, being the person responsible for maintaining a register of the holders of units in accordance with the contractual scheme deed, may require to prove the right of the person referred to in sub-paragraph (b) to create the obligation is provided to the operator or depositary.

(3)    Where section 1(2)(a)(ii) of that Act does not apply by virtue of paragraph (2), the obligation is not to be considered an obligation mentioned in subsection (2)(a) of that section for the purposes of subsection (3).

(4)    The operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) may refuse to register a transfer of units by means of electronic communication.

(5)    Paragraph (2) has no effect in a particular case if the operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) refuses to register the transfer of units which would, apart from paragraph (4), be made by the creation of the obligation in that case.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability98 Partnership & Limited Partnership98 Company Law & Business Entities98

23 Grants and assignments of any trust or confidence

23Grants and assignments of any trust or confidence

(1)    This regulation extends to Northern Ireland only.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (4), section 6 of the Statute of Frauds (Ireland) 1695 (which requires all grants and assignments of any trust or confidence to be in writing) does not apply (if it would otherwise do so) to any grant or assignment of units in a stand-alone co-ownership scheme or a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme where—

(a)    the grant or assignment is by means of electronic communication;

(b)    the electronic communication is made by the person granting or assigning the units; and

(c)    such evidence as the operator or depositary of the scheme, being the person responsible for maintaining a register of the holders of units in accordance with the contractual scheme deed, may require to prove the right of the person referred to in sub-paragraph (b) to grant or assign the units is provided to the operator or depositary.

(3)    The operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) may refuse to register a transfer of units by means of electronic communication.

(4)    Paragraph (2) has no effect in a particular case if the operator or depositary mentioned in paragraph (2)(c) refuses to register the transfer of units which would, apart from paragraph (3), be made by the grant or assignment in that case.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Partnership & Partners' Liability99 Partnership & Limited Partnership99 Company Law & Business Entities99

24 Transitional provision: depositaries of authorised contractual schemes

Part7Transitional Provision in Relation to Permission Given under Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 24Transitional provision: depositaries of authorised contractual schemes

(1)    In this regulation—

“authorised unit trust scheme” has the meaning given in section 237(3) of FSMA;

“open-ended investment company” has the meaning given in section 236(1) of FSMA;

“Part 4A permission” has the meaning given in section 55A(5) of FSMA;

“relevant person” means a person who, immediately before the date on which these Regulations come into force, had a Part 4A permission to act as a trustee of an authorised unit trust scheme and as the depositary of an open-ended investment company; and

“trustee” has the meaning given in section 237(2) of FSMA.

(2)    If within a period of 30 days beginning with the date on which these Regulations come into force a relevant person gives written notice to the FCA of an intention to act as the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme, the person's Part 4A permission is to be treated as also relating to the regulated activity of acting as such a depositary, but this is subject to any subsequent variation or cancellation under Part 4A of FSMA (permission to carry on regulated activities).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Financial Services & Activities99 Regulation & Offences94 Insurance Law99 Investment Management & Funds96 Banking & Finance Law99 Authorisation94

25 Review

Part8Review 25Review

(1)    Before the end of each review period, the Treasury must—

(a)    carry out a review of regulations 2 to 24,

(b)    set out the conclusions of the review in a report, and

(c)    publish the report.

(2)    In carrying out the review, the Treasury must, so far as is reasonable, have regard to how in relation to the constitution of UCITS in accordance with contract law (as common funds managed by management companies) the UCITS Directive is implemented in other Member States.

(3)    The report must in particular—

(a)    set out the objectives intended to be achieved by the regulatory system established or applied in relation to a contractual scheme by regulations 2 to 24,

(b)    assess the extent to which those objectives are achieved, and

(c)    assess whether those objectives remain appropriate and, if so, the extent to which they could be achieved with a system that imposes less regulation.

(4)    If a report under this regulation is published before the last day of the review period to which it relates, the following review period is to begin with the day on which that report is published.

(5)    In this regulation—

“contractual scheme” has the meaning given in section 235A(1) of FSMA;

“review period” means—

(a)    the period of five years beginning with the day on which these Regulations come into force, and

(b)    subject to paragraph (4), each successive period of five years;

“the UCITS Directive” means the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 on the coordination of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (No 2009/65/EC); and

“UCITS” has the meaning given in Article 1.2 of the UCITS Directive.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

Signature

Desmond Swayne

Anne Milton

Two of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury

5th June 2013

SCHEDULE 1 Form for Registering Changes to Limited Partnerships

SCHEDULE 1Form for Registering Changes to Limited Partnerships Regulation 13
(This Form is currently unavailable. Please see the original.)
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 June 2013: see reg 1.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations provide for the formation of undertakings for collective investment constituted in accordance with contract law. Such undertakings are called contractual schemes and are a new class of collective investment scheme (as defined by section 235 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c 8) (“FSMA”). A contractual scheme may be either a co-ownership scheme, which has no legal personality distinct from the persons who take part as investors, or a partnership scheme, which is a limited partnership under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907 (c 24).

The Regulations also provide for the authorisation and supervision of contractual schemes by the Financial Conduct Authority (“the FCA”).

Provision for the formation of contractual schemes arises out of and is related to the right conferred by Article 1.3 of Directive 2009/65/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 on the coordination of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (OJ No L 302, 17.11.2009, p32). Article 1.3 confers a right to constitute undertakings of this description (“UCITS”) as common funds managed by management companies.

Part 2 (regulations 3, 4, 5 and 6) provides for contractual schemes by amending Part 17 of FSMA (collective investment schemes) and other primary legislation. Unless otherwise specified in this note, a reference to a section is a reference to a section of FSMA.

Regulation 3(5) inserts section 235A, which defines “contractual scheme” and “contractual scheme deed”. The operator of a co-ownership scheme has authority to acquire, manage and dispose of scheme property, and for that purpose to enter into contracts on behalf of the participants in the scheme. The operator of a partnership scheme is the general partner of the limited partnership.

Regulation 3(6) amends section 237 to take account of contractual schemes—

—sub-paragraph (a) amends section 237(1) to exclude contractual schemes from the definition of “unit trust scheme”;

—sub-paragraph (b) amends section 237(2) to specify who the operator is for a co-ownership scheme and a partnership scheme;

—sub-paragraph (d) inserts definitions for co-ownership schemes that consist of segregated sub-schemes and those that do not.

Regulation 3(12) inserts Chapter 3A into Part 17 of FSMA (collective investment schemes). Chapter 3A consists of sections 261C to 261Z5.

Sections 261C to 261G provide for the determination of applications for authorisation of contractual schemes. In order to be authorised, a scheme must meet specified requirements, including a requirement that the scheme must not allow units in the scheme to be issued to anyone other than—

—a professional client for the purpose of Directive 2004/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on markets in financial instruments (OJ No L 145, 30.4.2004, p1); or

—someone who makes a payment or contributes property having a value of not less than £1,000,000 in exchange for the units or already holds units in the scheme.

Sections 261I and 261J extend to authorised contractual schemes the power which the FCA has under sections 247 and 248 to make rules in relation to authorised unit trust schemes. Rules may be modified or waived under section 261L.

Sections 261M to 261P make provision about the contracts and the rights and liabilities of the participants in an authorised co-ownership scheme. Section 261O limits their liability for debts incurred under, or in connection with, contracts which the operator is authorised to enter into on their behalf. Section 261P provides for the segregation of the liabilities of participants in sub-schemes (where a co-ownership scheme is constituted as an umbrella co-ownership scheme).

Sections 261Q to 261S provide for the alteration of authorised contractual schemes, including the replacement of the operator or the depositary and the conversion of a UCITS which is a feeder UCITS into a UCITS which is not a feeder UCITS.

Sections 261U, 261V and 261W provide for the revocation of an authorisation order made for a contractual scheme.

Sections 261X to 261Z5 confer intervention powers on the FCA and on the court on application by the FCA. Powers of direction include powers exercisable where a master UCITS which has one or more feeder UCITS which are authorised contractual schemes is wound up, merges with another UCITS or is divided into two or more UCITS.

Regulation 4 amends the Stock Transfer Act 1963 (c 18) so that provision made by that Act for the simplified transfer of securities applies to the transfer of units of an authorised contractual scheme.

Regulation 5 amends the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c 4) so that no charge to corporation tax arises in relation to a co-ownership scheme.

Part 3 (regulations 7 to 15) amends secondary legislation. Regulation 13 amends the Limited Partnerships (Forms) Rules 2009 (SI 2009/2160) by substituting the form which is required to be used for registering changes to limited partnerships. The form in Schedule 1 allows for the registration of additional changes required to be registered in relation to partnership schemes.

Part 4 (regulation 16) modifies the Limited Partnerships Act 1907 (c 24) in relation to a limited partnership which is a partnership scheme for which an authorisation order under Part 17 of FSMA has been made. The modifications include the following—

—the general partner's liability for partnership debts and obligations is qualified by regulations 18 and 19 of these Regulations;

—a limited partner is not liable for partnership debts and obligations beyond the amount of partnership property which is available to the general partner to meet them, and a person who ceases to be a limited partner ceases to have any liability for debts and obligations;

—the exercise of rights conferred on participants in a contractual scheme by FCA rules does not constitute taking part in the management of the partnership; and

—modified provision is made in relation to the registration of changes in the partnership.

Part 5 (regulations 17, 18 and 19) provide for winding up insolvent contractual schemes.

Regulation 17 and Schedules 2 to 5 provide for winding up a stand-alone co-ownership scheme or a sub-scheme of an umbrella co-ownership scheme (a “relevant scheme”) by the court as if it were an unregistered company, including provision—

—for determining which court has jurisdiction to wind up a relevant scheme;

—applying with modifications specified provisions of the Insolvency Act 1986 (c 45) and the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (SI 1989/2405 (N.I. 19));

—enabling a winding up petition to be presented by the operator or a creditor of a relevant scheme or by the FCA on the ground that the operator is unable to meet the debts of the relevant scheme, or that it is just and equitable that the relevant scheme should be wound up;

—enabling a winding up petition to be presented by the Secretary of State (or the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment if a relevant scheme is being wound up in Northern Ireland) on the ground that winding up is just and equitable in the public interest; and

—requiring the operator of a relevant scheme, if a petition is presented, immediately to cease investment activity and the issue and redemption of units.

Regulations 18 and 19 limit the liability of the general partner of an insolvent authorised partnership. The general partner of an authorised partnership which is wound up by the court as an unregistered company (in England and Wales or Northern Ireland) or whose estate is sequestrated under the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 (c 66) is not personally liable for partnership debts incurred at a time when the authorisation order was in force. This does not affect the power of the court to award a remedy for misapplying partnership property or for misfeasance or breach of duty or, in the case of a partnership wound up as an unregistered company, for fraudulent or wrongful trading.

Part 6 (regulations 20 to 23) modifies the application to authorised contractual schemes of—

—the Law of Property Act 1925 (c 20) and the Statute of Frauds (Ireland) 1695 (c 12 (Ir), which would require transfers of title to units in a co-ownership scheme to be in writing; and

—the Requirements of Writing (Scotland) Act 1995 (c 7), which would require gifts of title to units in any contractual scheme to be in writing.

The modifications allow such transfers to be made by electronic communication.

Part 7 (regulation 24) makes transitional provision in relation to depositaries of authorised contractual schemes. A person who already has permission under Part 4A of FSMA to act as the trustee of an authorised unit trust scheme and as the depositary of an open-ended investment company, if that person gives the FCA notice in accordance with the regulation, is treated as having permission under that Part to act as the depositary of an authorised contractual scheme.

Part 8 (regulation 25) requires the Treasury to review the operation and effect of these Regulations and publish a report within five years after they come into force and within every five years after that. Following a review it will fall to the Treasury to consider whether the Regulations should remain as they are or be revoked or amended. A further instrument would be needed to revoke the Regulations or to amend them.

A full impact assessment of the effect that this instrument will have on the costs of business and the voluntary sector is available from Her Majesty's Treasury, 1 Horse Guards Road, London SW1A 2HQ or on www.hm-treasury.gov.uk, and is published with the Explanatory Memorandum alongside the instrument on www.legislation.gov.uk.

Partnership & Partners' Liability95 Accounting91 Partnership Accounts91 Partnership & Limited Partnership95 Regulation & Offences97 Company Law & Business Entities95 Banking & Finance Law97 Taxation on Changes in Partnership Structure93 Winding Up of Unregistered & Unincorporated Companies93 Insolvent Partnerships96 Limited Partnerships95 Corporation Tax99 Partnership Taxation95 Winding Up by the Court96 Tax Law95 Partnership Dissolution94 Liquidation93 Insolvency Law93 Authorisation97 Taxation of Limited Partnerships95

Practice Areas