1 Citation, commencement and application

(1)    These Regulations may be cited as the Health Protection (Local Authority Powers) Regulations 2010 and shall come into force on 6th April 2010.

(2)    These Regulations apply in relation to England only.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see para (1) above.

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see para (2) above.

2 Requirement to keep a child away from school

2Requirement to keep a child away from school

(1)    This regulation applies where a local authority is satisfied in relation to a child (C) that—

(a)    C is or may be infected or contaminated;

(b)    the infection or contamination is one which presents or could present significant harm to human health;

(c)    there is a risk that C might infect or contaminate others;

(d)    it is necessary to keep C away from school in order to remove or reduce that risk; and

(e)    keeping C away from school is a proportionate response to the risk to others presented by C.

(2)    The local authority may by serving notice on C's parent (PT) require that PT keep C away from school.

(3)    The notice must include the following information—

(a)    the date from which the requirement commences;

(b)    the duration of the requirement (up to a maximum of 28 days);

(c)    why the requirement is believed to be a necessary and proportionate measure;

(d)    the penalty for failing to comply with the notice; and

(e)    contact details for an officer of the local authority who is able to discuss the notice.

(4)    The local authority must as soon as reasonably practicable after serving notice under paragraph (2) inform the headteacher of C's school—

(a)    that it has served such a notice in relation to C; and

(b)    of the contents of that notice.

(5)    PT may request that the local authority review the notice at any time before the requirement lapses.

(6)    The local authority—

(a)    must review the notice within 5 working days beginning with the day on which the request is made where PT is requesting a review in respect of that notice for the first time; or

(b)    may review the notice in the case of all other requests.

(7)    The local authority must inform PT and the headteacher of C's school of the outcome of any review it conducts as soon as reasonably practicable after the review is concluded.

(8)    A local authority may vary or revoke a notice.

(9)    A local authority must as soon as reasonably practicable after varying or revoking a notice under paragraph (8) inform PT and the headteacher of C's school that the notice has been varied or revoked and, if varied, the nature of the variation.

(10)    A local authority may serve consecutive notices under paragraph (2).

(11)    A local authority must inform PT and the headteacher of C's school as soon as reasonably practicable where a notice has expired and no further notice is to be served.

(12)    It is an offence for PT to fail without reasonable excuse to comply with a notice served under paragraph (2) or varied under paragraph (8).

(13)    Any person who commits an offence under this regulation is liable on summary conviction to one or both of—

(a)    a fine not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale;

(b)    a further fine not exceeding an amount equal to 50% of level 1 on the standard scale for each day on which the default continues after conviction.

(14)    In this regulation—

“child” means a person under 18 years of age;

“headteacher” means the headteacher or, if the headteacher is absent, the person deputising for the headteacher;

“parent” has the meaning given to it by section 576 of the Education Act 1996;

“school” has the meaning given to it by section 4 of the Education Act 1996; and

“working day” means any day which is not Saturday, Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday or a day which is a bank holiday in England under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

3 Requirement to provide details of children attending school

3Requirement to provide details of children attending school

(1)    A local authority may by serving notice on a headteacher of a school in its area require that headteacher to provide it with a list of the names, addresses and contact telephone numbers for all the pupils of that school, or such group of pupils attending that school as it may specify, where the condition in paragraph (2) is met.

(2)    The condition is that the local authority is satisfied that—

(a)    a person (P) who is or has recently been on the school's premises is or may be infected or contaminated;

(b)    the infection or contamination is one which presents or could present significant harm to human health;

(c)    there is a risk that P may have infected or contaminated pupils at the school;

(d)    it is necessary for the local authority to have the list in order to contact those pupils with a view to ascertaining whether they are or may be infected or contaminated; and

(e)    requiring the list (and contacting those pupils which may be infected or contaminated) is a proportionate response to the risk presented by P.

(3)    The notice must—

(a)    specify a time limit for meeting the requirement;

(b)    specify an address where the list is to be sent;

(c)    provide contact details for an officer of the local authority who is able to discuss the notice.

(4)    It is an offence for a headteacher to fail without reasonable excuse to comply with a notice served under paragraph (1).

(5)    Any person who commits an offence under this regulation shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 1 on the standard scale.

(6)    In this regulation, “headteacher” and “school” have the same meaning as they are given in regulation 2.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Children97 Family Law97 Local Government97 Education Services97 Social Services97

4 Disinfection or decontamination of things on request of the owner

4Disinfection or decontamination of things on request of the owner

(1)    A local authority may disinfect or decontaminate, or cause to be disinfected or decontaminated, a thing where requested to do so by the owner of the thing.

(2)    The local authority may charge the owner for the disinfection or decontamination of the thing if the owner is made aware of the charge prior to disinfection or decontamination being carried out and agrees to pay it.

(3)    The local authority's charge must not exceed the cost incurred by the local authority in carrying out the disinfection or decontamination.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Duties & Powers of Local Government99 Discharge of Functions99 Local Government99

5 Disinfection or decontamination of things on request of person with custody or control

5Disinfection or decontamination of things on request of person with custody or control

(1)    A local authority may disinfect or decontaminate, or cause to be disinfected or decontaminated, a thing where requested to do so by a person (A) with custody or control of the thing if the local authority is reasonably satisfied that the financial value of the thing will not be reduced as a consequence of the disinfection or decontamination.

(2)    The local authority may charge A for the disinfection or decontamination of the thing if A is made aware of the charge prior to disinfection or decontamination being carried out and agrees to pay it.

(3)    The local authority's charge must not exceed the cost incurred by the local authority in carrying out the disinfection or decontamination.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Duties & Powers of Local Government99 Discharge of Functions99 Local Government99

6 Disinfection or decontamination of premises on request of the owner

6Disinfection or decontamination of premises on request of the owner

(1)    A local authority may disinfect or decontaminate, or cause to be disinfected or decontaminated, premises where requested to do so by the owner of the premises.

(2)    The local authority may charge the owner for the disinfection or decontamination of the premises if the owner is made aware of the charge prior to disinfection or decontamination being carried out and agrees to pay it.

(3)    The local authority's charge must not exceed the cost incurred by the local authority in carrying out the disinfection or decontamination.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Duties & Powers of Local Government99 Discharge of Functions99 Local Government99

7 Disinfection or decontamination of premises on request of tenant

7Disinfection or decontamination of premises on request of tenant

(1)    A local authority may disinfect or decontaminate, or cause to be disinfected or decontaminated, premises where requested to do so by the tenant of the premises if the local authority is reasonably satisfied that the financial value of the premises will not be reduced as a consequence of the disinfection or decontamination.

(2)    The local authority may charge the tenant for the disinfection or decontamination of the premises if the tenant is made aware of the charge prior to disinfection or decontamination being carried out and agrees to pay it.

(3)    The local authority's charge must not exceed the cost incurred by the local authority in carrying out the disinfection or decontamination.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Housing & Homelessness99 Welfare, Housing & Social Security Law99 Discharge of Functions99 Landlord & Tenant Management99 Duties & Powers of Local Government99 Local Government99

8 Requests for co-operation for health protection purposes

8Requests for co-operation for health protection purposes

(1)    A local authority may by serving notice on any person or group of persons request that the person or group of persons do, or refrain from doing, anything for the purpose of preventing, protecting against, controlling or providing a public health response to the incidence or spread of infection or contamination which presents or could present significant harm to human health.

(2)    The notice must provide contact details for an officer of the local authority who is able to discuss the notice.

(3)    The local authority may offer compensation or expenses in connection with its request.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

9 Restriction of contact with dead bodies

9Restriction of contact with dead bodies

(1)    This regulation applies where a local authority is satisfied that—

(a)    a dead body is or may be infected or contaminated;

(b)    the infection or contamination is one which presents or could present significant harm to human health;

(c)    there is a risk that the dead body might infect or contaminate people;

(d)    it is necessary to restrict contact with the dead body in order to remove or reduce that risk; and

(e)    prohibiting any person from having contact with the dead body is a proportionate response to the risk presented by that dead body.

(2)    The local authority may serve on the person (M) having charge or control of the premises in which the dead body is located a notice prohibiting any person from having contact with the dead body.

(3)    On receipt of a notice served under paragraph (2), M must arrange for a copy of the notice to be conspicuously displayed near the dead body without delay.

(4)    The notice must include—

(a)    a statement to the effect that contact with the body near which the notice has been displayed is prohibited;

(b)    a statement to the effect that breach of the prohibition is a criminal offence;

(c)    contact details for an officer of the local authority who is able to discuss the notice; and

(d)    the legal authority for the prohibition.

(5)    An offence is committed if, without reasonable excuse—

(a)    M fails to arrange for a copy of the notice to be displayed in accordance with paragraph (3);

(b)    any person removes or defaces a notice displayed under paragraph (3); or

(c)    any person fails to comply with a notice displayed under paragraph (3).

(6)    An offence is not committed under paragraph (5)(c) if—

(a)    the person has the local authority's consent to have contact with the dead body; or

(b)    the person is exercising the functions of a coroner or is acting under the authority of a coroner.

(7)    Any person who commits an offence under this regulation is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Death & Health Law93 Health Law93

10 Restriction of access to dead bodies

10Restriction of access to dead bodies

(1)    This regulation applies where a local authority is satisfied that—

(a)    a dead body is or may be infected or contaminated;

(b)    the infection or contamination is one which presents or could present significant harm to human health;

(c)    there is a risk that the dead body might infect or contaminate people;

(d)    it is necessary to restrict entry to the room in which the dead body is located in order to remove or reduce that risk; and

(e)    prohibiting any person from entering the room in which the dead body is located is a proportionate response to the risk presented by that dead body.

(2)    The local authority may serve on the person (M) having charge or control of the premises in which the dead body is located a notice prohibiting any person from entering the room in which the dead body is located.

(3)    On receipt of a notice served under paragraph (2), M must arrange for a copy of the notice to be conspicuously displayed at each of the entry points to the room without delay.

(4)    The notice must include—

(a)    a statement to the effect that entering the room in which the dead body is located is prohibited;

(b)    a statement to the effect that breach of the prohibition is a criminal offence;

(c)    contact details for an officer of the local authority who is able to discuss the notice; and

(d)    the legal authority for the prohibition.

(5)    An offence is committed if, without reasonable excuse—

(a)    M fails to arrange for a copy of the notice to be displayed at each of the entry points to the room in accordance with paragraph (3);

(b)    any person removes or defaces a notice displayed under paragraph (3); or

(c)    any person fails to comply with a notice displayed under paragraph (3).

(6)    An offence is not committed under paragraph (5)(c) if—

(a)    the person has the local authority's consent to enter the room in which the dead body is located; or

(b)    the person is exercising the functions of a coroner or is acting under the authority of a coroner.

(7)    Any person who commits an offence under this regulation is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Death & Health Law93 Health Law93

11 Relocation of dead bodies

11Relocation of dead bodies

(1)    This regulation applies where a local authority is satisfied that—

(a)    a dead body is or may be infected or contaminated;

(b)    the infection or contamination is one which presents or could present significant harm to human health;

(c)    there is a risk that the dead body might infect or contaminate people;

(d)    it is necessary to relocate the dead body in order to remove or reduce that risk;

(e)    relocating the body is a proportionate response to the risk to people presented by the dead body in its current location.

(2)    The local authority may relocate, or cause to be relocated, the dead body to a place where it considers that the risk of the dead body infecting or contaminating people is reduced or removed subject to paragraph (3).

(3)    The local authority may not relocate, or cause to be relocated, the dead body if—

(a)    a coroner has jurisdiction over the dead body; or

(b)    it has failed to take reasonable steps to inform the person with charge or control of the premises where the dead body is located of its intention to take action under paragraph (2).

(4)    Any person having charge or control of premises in which a dead body is located must co-operate with a local authority that intends to take action under paragraph (2).

(5)    It is an offence for any person to fail without reasonable excuse to comply with paragraph (4).

(6)    Any person who commits an offence under this regulation is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 6 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Extent

These Regulations apply to England only: see reg 1(2).

Death & Health Law92 Health Law92

Signature

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Health.

Gillian Merron

Minister of State,

Department of Health

9th March 2010

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations confer discretionary powers on local authorities (including powers to impose restrictions and requirements) for the purposes of preventing, protecting against, controlling or providing a public health response to the incidence or spread of infection or contamination which presents or could present significant harm to human health. The Regulations also place an obligation on third parties to co-operate in a particular circumstance.

Regulation 2 enables a local authority to require that a child is kept away from school.

Regulation 3 enables the local authority to require that a headteacher provide it with the names and contact details of the pupils at that headteacher's school.

Regulations 4 to 7 enable a local authority to disinfect or decontaminate things or premises (including conveyances) on request from the owner or the person with charge or control in relation to things or the tenant in relation to premises.

Regulation 8 enables the local authority to make requests of individuals or groups to do, or not to do, specified things for health protection purposes and to offer compensation or expenses in relation to a request.

Regulations 9 and 10 enable a local authority to restrict contact with, and access to, a dead body.

Regulation 11 enables a local authority to take action to relocate a dead body; and obliges a person having charge or control of premises in which the dead body is located to co-operate.

A full impact assessment of the effect that this instrument will have on the costs of business, the voluntary sector and the public sector is available from the Department of Health, Room 514, Wellington House, 133–155 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8UG and is annexed to the Explanatory Memorandum which is available alongside the instrument on the OPSI website (www.opsi.gov.uk).