Title, commencement and application

1

(1)    The title of these Regulations is the Federation of Maintained Schools and Miscellaneous Amendments (Wales) Regulations 2010 and they come into force on 12 April 2010.

(2)    These Regulations apply in relation to Wales.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see para (1) above.

Interpretation

2

Interpretation2

(1)    In these Regulations—

“the 1996 Act” (“Deddf 1996”) means the Education Act 1996

“the 1998 Act” (“Deddf 1998”) means the School Standards and Framework Act 1998;

“the 2002 Act” (“Deddf 2002”) means the Education Act 2002;

“acting head teacher” (“pennaeth dros dro”) means a person appointed to carry out the functions of the head teacher of the school, pending the appointment of head teacher or in the absence of the head teacher;

“appropriate diocesan authority” (“awdurdod esgobaethol priodol”) has the meaning given by section 142(1) and (4) of the 1998 Act;

“appropriate religious body” (“corff crefyddol priodol”) in relation to a school designated under section 69(3) of the 1998 Act as having a religious character that is not a Church in Wales school or a Roman Catholic Church school, means the body that the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate in relation to the religion or religious denomination to which the school belongs;

“day” (“diwrnod”) means school day as defined by section 579 of the 1996 Act;

“the federation date” (“y dyddiad ffedereiddio”) means the date on which governing bodies federate;

“governing body” (“corff llywodraethu”) means a governing body incorporated under section 19(1) of the 2002 Act or these Regulations as appropriate;

“the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations” (“y Rheoliadau Llywodraethu Ysgolion a Gynhelir”) means the Government of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2005;

“local authority” (“awdurdod lleol”) means the local education authority in Wales by which a maintained school is, or a proposed school is to be, maintained; and where a federation includes schools maintained by different local education authorities in Wales, “relevant local authority” (“awdurdod lleol perthnasol”) means the local education authority by which a maintained school is, or a proposed school is to be, maintained;

“the New Maintained Schools Regulations” (“y Rheoliadau Ysgolion a Gynhelir Newydd”) means the New Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2005;

“new school” (“ysgol newydd”) has the same meaning as in regulation 3 of the New Maintained Schools Regulations;

“pupil” (“disgybl”) has the meaning given by section 3 of the 1996 Act;

“school council” (“cyngor ysgol”) means a council established in accordance with regulation 3 of the School Councils Regulations;

“the School Council Regulations” (“y Rheoliadau Cynghorau Ysgol”) means the School Councils (Wales) Regulations 2005;

“school teacher” (“athro neu athrawes ysgol”) is to be interpreted in accordance with section 122 of the 2002 Act;

“the Staffing Regulations” (“y Rheoliadau Staffio”) means the Staffing of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2006 and;

“working day” (“diwrnod gwaith”) means any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day which is a bank holiday within the meaning of section 1 of the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971.

(2)    Any reference in these Regulations to—

(a)    the governing body or governors of a school is to be construed, in relation to a federated school, as a reference to the governing body or governors of the federation; and

(b)    the instrument of government of a school is to be construed, in relation to a federated school, as a reference to the instrument of government of the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Prescribed cases

3

Part2Establishing or Joining a Federation Prescribed cases3

(1)    Regulations 4 to 7 apply where at least two but no more than five governing bodies propose to federate in accordance with section 24 of the 2002 Act.

(2)    Regulations 8 and 9 apply where it is proposed to establish a new school and either—

(a)    the temporary governing body wish to federate with one or more governing bodies; or

(b)    the local authority or, where the school is to be a foundation or voluntary school proposals for the establishment of which were published by promoters, the promoters propose that the school should be a federated school.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Procedure for schools wishing to federate

4

Procedure for schools wishing to federate4

(1)    Where a governing body is considering federation, they must first consider a report on the proposal.

(2)    The report must be specified as an item on the agenda for the meeting of which notice has been given in accordance with regulation 54(4).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

5

5

(1)    Where a governing body propose that they should federate with the governing body of a federation, they must give notice of the proposal to the governing body of the federation.

(2)    Upon receipt of the notice, the governing body of the federation must consider whether they should—

(a)    give preliminary consent to the governing body joining the federation (“preliminary consent”); or

(b)    determine that the governing body should not join the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

6

6

(1)    Where a governing body decide that they should federate with one or more other governing bodies and, where necessary, preliminary consent has been given, they must jointly with the other governing body or bodies publish proposals for federation.

(2)    The proposals must contain the following—

(a)    the name or names of the governing body or bodies with which the governing body propose to federate and confirmation that the governing body, or those governing bodies, have resolved likewise to federate;

(b)     the proposed size of the governing body of the federation;

(c)    the proposed number of governors for each category of governor;

(d)    the proposed arrangements for staffing the schools within the federation;

(e)    the proposed federation date;

(f)    the identity of the admission authority or authorities for the schools within the federation;

(g)    the date, not less than six weeks after the publication of the proposals, by which written representations may be made to the governing body regarding the proposals and the address to which they should be sent; and

(h)    such other matters as the governing bodies consider appropriate.

(3)    The governing bodies proposing to federate must publish the proposals by sending them to—

(a)    the relevant local authorities;

(b)    the head teacher of each school;

(c)    in the case of any school with a foundation—

(i)    the foundation governors; and

(ii)    any trustees of a trust relating to the school;

(d)    where any of the schools are designated under section 69(3) of the 1998 Act as having a religious character, the appropriate diocesan authority in the case of a Church in Wales or Roman Catholic Church school, or the appropriate religious body in the case of any other such school;

(e)    all staff paid to work at any of the schools;

(f)    every person known by them to be a parent of a registered pupil at any of the schools;

(g)    every trade union known to them to have members paid to work at any of the schools; and

(h)    such other persons as the governing bodies consider appropriate.

(4)    A copy of the proposals must be made available for inspection at all reasonable times at each school.

(5)    The proposed federation date in paragraph (2)(e) must be not less than 125 days following the publication of the proposals for federation by the governing body pursuant to paragraph (1).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Equity & Trusts94 Trusts & Trustees94

7

7

(1)    The governing bodies proposing to federate must jointly consider any responses to the proposals and each governing body must determine whether—

(a)    to proceed with the proposals for federation as published;

(b)    to proceed with the proposals for federation with such modifications as the governing body consider appropriate; or

(c)    not to proceed with the proposals for federation.

(2)    The modifications referred to in paragraph (1)(b) must not include a change in the identity of the governing bodies proposing to federate.

(3)    All the governing bodies that have determined to proceed must jointly give notice of that fact to the relevant local authority or local authorities.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

New schools wishing to federate

8

New schools wishing to federate8

(1)    Where it is proposed that a new school should federate with one or more schools or a federation, paragraph (2) or (3) applies as appropriate.

(2)    Where a temporary governing body has been established, regulations 4 to 7 have effect as if references to a governing body proposing to federate were references to a temporary governing body proposing to federate.

(3)    Where a temporary governing body is yet to be established, regulations 4 to 7 have effect as if—

(a)    references to the governing body proposing to federate were references to the local authority or, where proposals are to establish a foundation or voluntary school proposals for the establishment of which were published by promoters, the promoters;

(b)    regulation 4(2) were omitted; and

(c)    in regulation 6(2)(a) for “the governing body propose to federate” there were substituted “the local authority or the promoters propose that the temporary governing body of the new school should federate”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

9

9

(1)    Parts 1 to 3 and 5 to 7 of the New Maintained Schools Regulations are to apply to a temporary governing body constituted pursuant to this regulation.

(2)    Where it is proposed that two or more new schools should federate, with or without one or more other schools or other federation, the local authority may make arrangements providing for the constitution of a single temporary governing body for those new schools.

(3)    Where the proposed federation includes schools which are maintained by two or more local authorities, those local authorities must agree amongst themselves which local authority may make arrangements providing for the constitution of a single temporary governing body for those new schools.

(4)    Where one or more of the new schools referred to in paragraph (2) is to be a foundation or voluntary school proposals for the establishment of which were published by promoters, the local authority must consult the promoters—

(a)    as to whether the power given to the local authority in paragraph (2) should be exercised; and

(b)    if the local authority proposes to exercise it, as to the date on which the arrangements should be made.

(5)    Schedule 1 applies to a temporary governing body constituted pursuant to this regulation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Incorporation of governing bodies of federations and dissolution of former governing bodies

10

Incorporation of governing bodies of federations and dissolution of former governing bodies10

(1)    On the federation date—

(a)    the governing bodies of the federating schools or federations are dissolved;

(b)    the governing body of the federation is incorporated;

(c)    all land and property which, immediately before the federation date, was held by the governing body of a federating school or federation transfers to, and by virtue of these Regulations vests in, the governing body of the federation; and

(d)    all rights and liabilities subsisting immediately before the federation date which were acquired or incurred by the governing body of a federating school or federation be transferred to the governing body of the federation.

(2)    Section 198 of the Education Reform Act 1988 (which, with Schedule 10 to that Act, makes further provision in relation to transfers of property, rights and liabilities) applies in relation to transfers effected by this regulation as they apply in relation to transfers to which that section and Schedule apply.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Parent governors

11

Part3Categories of Governor Parent governors11

(1)    In these Regulations “parent governor” (“rhiant-lywodraethwr”) means—

(a)    a person who is elected in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 8 of Schedule 2 as a member of the governing body of a federation by parents of registered pupils at a federated school and is himself or herself such a parent at the time when he or she is elected; or

(b)    a person appointed as a parent governor in respect of a federated school in accordance with paragraphs 9 to 11 of Schedule 2.

(2)    Schedule 2 applies to the election and appointment of parent governors.

(3)    A person is disqualified from election or appointment as a parent governor of a federation if he or she is—

(a)    an elected member of the local authority;

(b)    employed by the local authority in connection with its functions as a local education authority; or

(c)    paid to work at the school in the federation for more than 500 hours in any twelve month period.

(4)    A person is not disqualified from continuing to hold office as a parent governor when he or she ceases to be a parent of a registered pupil at a federated school or to fulfil any of the requirements set out in paragraphs 10 and 11 of Schedule 2 (as the case may be) unless he or she is otherwise disqualified under these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Teacher governors

12

Teacher governors12

(1)    In these Regulations “teacher governor” (“athro-lywodraethwr”) means a person—

(a)    who is elected in accordance with Schedule 3 as a governor by school teachers at any school within the federation; and

(b)    who is himself or herself such a school teacher at a time when he or she is elected.

(2)    Upon ceasing to work at the school a teacher governor is disqualified from continuing to hold office as such a governor.

(3)    Subject to paragraph (4) a person is disqualified from election as a teacher governor to a governing body if he or she—

(a)    has previously been elected as a teacher governor to the same governing body within the last two years; or

(b)    is employed to work at the same federated school as any person elected as a teacher governor to that governing body within the last two years.

(4)    Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to any person employed to work at two or more federated schools in the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Staff governors

13

Staff governors13

(1)    In these Regulations “staff governor” (“staff-lywodraethwr”) means a person who is—

(a)    a person who is elected in accordance with Schedule 3 as a member of the governing body of a federation by persons who are employed to work at the federation or at a federated school; and

(b)    who is himself or herself a person so working at the time when he or she is elected.

(2)    Upon ceasing to work at a school within the federation, a staff governor of a school is disqualified from continuing to hold office as such a governor.

(3)    Subject to paragraph (4) a person is disqualified from election as a staff governor to a governing body if he or she—

(a)    has previously been elected as a staff governor to the same governing body within the last two years; or

(b)    is employed to work at the same federated school as any person elected as a staff governor to that governing body within the last two years.

(4)    Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to any person employed to work at two or more schools in the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Local authority governors

14

Local authority governors14

(1)    In these Regulations “local authority governor” (“llywodraethwr awdurdod lleol”) means a governor appointed to be a member of the governing body of a federation by the local authority that maintains the federated schools.

(2)    Where the federation includes schools which are maintained by two or more local authorities, those local authorities must agree amongst themselves who will appoint such governors and, if more than one governor is to be appointed, in what proportion.

(3)    A person is disqualified from appointment or continuing to hold office as a local authority governor if he or she is eligible to be a staff governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Community governors and additional community governors

15

Community governors and additional community governors15

(1)    In these Regulations—

“additional community governor” (“llywodraethwr cymunedol ychwanegol”) means a governor appointed in accordance with regulation 28;

“community governor” (“llywodraethwr cymunedol”) means a person who is appointed as such by the governing body of a federation and who is—

(a)    a person who lives or works in the community served by the federation; or

(b)    a person who, in the opinion of the governing body, is committed to the good government and success of the federation.

(2)    A person is disqualified from appointment or continuing to hold office as a community governor if he or she is—

(a)    a registered pupil at one of the federated schools;

(b)    eligible to be a teacher or staff governor; or

(c)    an elected member of the local authority.

(3)    Paragraph (2) does not apply in the case of an additional community governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Foundation governors

16

Foundation governors16

(1)    In these Regulations—

(a)    “foundation governor” (“llywodraethwr sefydledig”) means a person who is appointed to be a member of the governing body of a federation in respect of a particular federated school, otherwise than by the local authority, and who—

(i)    where the federation includes a federated school which has a particular religious character, is appointed for the purpose of securing that that character is preserved and developed at that federated school;

(ii)    where the federation includes a federated school to which a trust relates, is appointed for the purpose of securing that the federated school is conducted in accordance with that trust, or

(iii)    where the federation includes a school which has neither a religious character nor a trust, is appointed as a foundation governor of the federation by a person previously named in the federated school's instrument of government as having the power to appoint foundation governors;

(b)    “ex officio foundation governor” (“llywodraethwr sefydledig ex officio”) means a foundation governor who is the holder of an office by virtue of which he or she is entitled to be a foundation governor;

(c)    “substitute governor” (“dirprwy-lywodraethwr”) means a foundation governor appointed to act in place of an ex officio foundation governor—

(i)    who is unwilling or unable to act as governor;

(ii)    who has been removed as a governor under regulation 35(2); or

(iii)    if there is a vacancy in the office by virtue of which such a governorship exists.

(2)    An ex officio foundation governor is, upon ceasing to hold the office from which his or her governorship derives, disqualified from continuing to hold office as such a governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Partnership governors

17

Partnership governors17

(1)    In these Regulations “partnership governor” (“llywodraethwr partneriaeth”) means a person who is nominated as a partnership governor and appointed as such in accordance with Schedule 4.

(2)    A person is disqualified from nomination or appointment as a partnership governor of a federation if he or she is—

(a)    a parent of a registered pupil at a school within the federation;

(b)    a registered pupil at a school within the federation;

(c)    eligible to be a teacher or staff governor of the federation;

(d)    an elected member of a relevant local authority; or

(e)    employed by a relevant local authority in connection with its functions as a local education authority.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Sponsor governors

18

Sponsor governors18

In these Regulations “sponsor governor” (“noddwr-lywodraethwr”) means a person nominated as a sponsor governor and appointed as such by the governing body of a federation in accordance with Schedule 5.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Representative governors

19

Representative governors19

In these Regulations “representative governor” (“llywodraethwr cynrychiadol”) means a person who is appointed as such in accordance with Schedule 6.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Associate pupil governors

20

Associate pupil governors20

(1)    In these Regulations “associate pupil governor” (“disgybl-lywodraethwr cyswllt”) means a registered pupil nominated by the school council to be a member of the federated governing body and appointed as such by the federated governing body in accordance with regulation 7 of the School Council Regulations.

(2)    The maximum number of associate pupil governors on any federated governing body is two.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

General principles

21

Part4Composition of Governing Bodies of a Federation General principles21

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the instrument of government for a federation must specify the size of the membership of the governing body of the federation, being no fewer than 15 and no more than 25 governors.

(2)    In determining the size of the membership of the governing body of a federation any sponsor governors and associate pupil governors appointed in accordance with regulations 22 to 28 and any additional foundation governors appointed in accordance with regulation 25(2)(b) must not be included.

(3)    In determining the size of the membership of the governing body any additional community governors appointed in accordance with regulation 28 must be included.

(4)    Subject to regulations 22 to 28, the instrument of government must specify the numbers of governors from each of the following categories of governor to be elected or appointed—

(a)    parent governors;

(b)    teacher governors;

(c)    staff governors;

(d)    local authority governors;

(e)    community governors;

(f)    foundation governors;

(g)    partnership governors;

(h)    sponsor governors;

(i)    representative governor; and

(j)    additional community governors.

(5)    Where application of this regulation and regulations 22 to 28 produces a number other than a whole number, the governing body must specify either the whole number next above or the whole number next below (at their choice) providing that the total number of governors may not exceed the limit set in this regulation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Federation comprising only community, community special and maintained nursery schools

22

Federation comprising only community, community special and maintained nursery schools22

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing any combination of community schools, community special schools and maintained nursery schools (and no other category of school) is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (f) at least two community governors;

(f)    at least one representative governor where the federation contains at least one community special school to take the place of an equal number of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(g)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(2)    The governing body of the federation may in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Federation comprising only foundation or foundation special schools

23

Federation comprising only foundation or foundation special schools23

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing foundation schools or foundation special schools only is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    at least two community governors;

(f)    at least two foundation governors (or partnership governors, as appropriate in respect of any school without a foundation); and

(g)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(2)    The governing body of the federation may in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Federation comprising voluntary controlled schools only

24

Federation comprising voluntary controlled schools only24

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing voluntary controlled schools only is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor is to be elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    at least two community governors;

(f)    at least two foundation governors; and

(g)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns, the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(2)    The governing body of the federation may in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Federation comprising voluntary aided schools only

25

Federation comprising voluntary aided schools only25

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing voluntary aided schools only is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    such number of foundation governors as out number all the other governors listed in sub-paragraphs (a) to (d) by two; and

(f)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(2)    In addition—

(a)    the governing body of the federation may in addition—

(i)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(ii)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools;

(b)    the persons who are entitled to appoint foundation governors may appoint such number of foundation governors as are required to preserve their majority but no more than two.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Federation comprising voluntary controlled schools and community, community special or maintained nursery schools

26

Federation comprising voluntary controlled schools and community, community special or maintained nursery schools26

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing at least one voluntary controlled school and at least one community school, community special school or maintained nursery school and no other category of school is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (g) at least two community governors;

(f)    at least one foundation governor;

(g)    at least one representative governor where the federation contains at least one community special school to take the place of one of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(h)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(2)    The governing body of the federation may in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Federation comprising more than one category of school including at least one foundation or foundation special or voluntary aided school

27

Federation comprising more than one category of school including at least one foundation or foundation special or voluntary aided school27

(1)    The governing body of a federation containing—

(a)    more than one category of school, and

(b)    at least one foundation school, foundation special school or voluntary aided school,

is to be constituted in accordance with paragraph (2).

(2)    The governing body of a federation to which paragraph (1) applies is to comprise the following—

(a)    for each federated school at least one parent governor elected or appointed in accordance with paragraphs 3 to 11 of Schedule 2 to represent the interests of parents of registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but not more than two staff governors;

(d)    at least two local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (g), at least two community governors;

(f)    at least two foundation governors (or partnership governors as appropriate in respect of any school without a foundation);

(g)    at least one representative governor where the federation contains at least one community special school to take the place of one of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(h)    the head teacher or the acting head teacher of each federated school, unless he or she resigns the position in accordance with regulation 34.

(3)    The governing body of the federation may, in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two associate pupil governors where the federation contains secondary schools.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools96 Education Law96

Additional Community Governors

28

Additional Community Governors28

(1)    This paragraph applies to the governing body of a federation which includes one or more of the following—

(a)    any community, voluntary or foundation school which is a primary school; and

(b)    any maintained nursery school;

which serves an area for which there are one or more community councils.

(2)    The instrument of government of a school must provide for the governing body of a federation to include (in addition to the governors required by virtue of regulations 22 to 27, as the case may be) one community governor nominated by the community council.

(3)    If a school serves an area for which there are two or more community councils, the governing body may seek nominations from one or more of those councils.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools96 Education Law96

Notification of vacancies and appointments

29

Notification of vacancies and appointments29

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), where a vacancy in the office of an appointed member of the governing body arises, the clerk to the governing body must as soon as is reasonably practicable give notice in writing of that fact to the person entitled to appoint or nominate a person to that office.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (3), the clerk to the governing body must, at least two months before the date of the expiry of the term of office of an appointed member, give notice in writing of that fact to the person entitled to appoint or nominate a person to that office.

(3)    Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply where the person entitled to appoint a person to the office in question has already notified the clerk to the governing body in writing of the person appointed or nominated.

(4)    Where any person other than a governing body makes an appointment or nominates a person to be appointed to the governing body, he or she must give written notice of the appointment or the nomination to the clerk to the governing body specifying the name and usual place of residence of the person so appointed or nominated.

(5)    For the purposes of this regulation, “appointed member” (“aelod a benodwyd”) means—

(a)    a foundation governor;

(b)    a local authority governor;

(c)    a community governor (including an additional community governor);

(d)    a representative governor;

(e)    a sponsor governor; and

(f)    a partnership governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Joint appointments

30

Joint appointments30

If—

(a)    the instrument of government of a school provides for one or more of the governors to be appointed by persons acting jointly; and

(b)    those persons fail to make an agreed appointment;

the appointment is to be made by, or in accordance with a direction given by, the Welsh Ministers.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Surplus Governors

31

Surplus Governors31

(1)    Where a federation has more governors of a particular category than are provided for by the instrument of government for the school, such number of governors of that category as is required to eliminate the excess must cease to hold office in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) unless a sufficient number resign.

(2)    The governors who are to cease to hold office are to be determined on the basis of seniority, the governors whose current period of office as a governor of any category at the school is the shortest being the first to cease to hold office.

(3)    Where it is necessary for the purposes of paragraph (2) to select one or more governors from a group of equal seniority, it must be done by drawing lots.

(4)    For the purposes of this regulation, additional community governors are treated as if they constituted a separate category of governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Qualifications and disqualifications

32

Part5Qualifications and Tenure of Office Qualifications and disqualifications32

Schedule 7 sets out the circumstances in which a person is qualified for or disqualified from holding or continuing in office as a governor.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Term of office

33

Term of office33

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) to (9), a governor holds office for a fixed period of four years from the date of his or her election or appointment.

(2)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any governor who is the head teacher of the federation or a federated school, or to any ex officio foundation governor, who may hold office for as long as he or she holds the position from which his or her governorship derives.

(3)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any foundation governor whose term of office is to be determined by the person who appointed him or her, up to a maximum of four years.

(4)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any additional governor, additional foundation governor or interim executive member appointed under sections 16, 16A, 18 or 18A of the 1998 Act whose term of office is to be determined by the person who appointed him or her, up to a maximum of four years.

(5)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any teacher governor or staff governor who is to hold office for a period of two years from the date of his or her appointment.

(6)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any parent governor of a maintained nursery school who is to hold office for a fixed period of two years from the date of his or her election or appointment.

(7)    Paragraph (1) does not apply to any associate pupil governor who is to hold office for a period of one year from the date of his or her appointment. Nothing in this paragraph prevents an associate pupil governor from being re-appointed at the expiration of his or her term of office.

(8)    A substitute governor may hold office until the earlier of the following—

(a)    the expiry of four years from the date when his or her appointment takes effect;

(b)    the date when the original governor (not having been removed from office under regulation 35(2)) gives written notice to the clerk to the governing body to the effect that he or she is able and willing to act as a foundation governor; or

(c)    the date when a person other than the original governor takes office in the post by virtue of which the ex officio foundation governorship exists.

(9)    This regulation does not prevent a governor from—

(a)    being elected or appointed for a further term, save as otherwise provided in these Regulations;

(b)    resigning his or her office in accordance with regulation 34(1);

(c)    being removed from office under regulations 35 to 37; or

(d)    being disqualified, by virtue of any provision of these Regulations, from holding or continuing to hold office.

(10)    In this regulation “the original governor” (“y llywodraethwr gwreiddiol”) means the ex officio foundation governor in whose place the substitute governor is appointed to act.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Resignation

34

Resignation34

(1)    A governor may at any time resign his or her office by giving written notice to the clerk to the governing body.

(2)    The head teacher may withdraw his or her resignation at any time by giving written notice to the clerk to the governing body.

(3)    An ex officio foundation governor may resign as governor either permanently or temporarily, but his or her resignation does not prejudice the ex officio governorship of his or her successor in the office from which the ex officio governorship derives.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Removal of local authority, foundation, representative, additional community and sponsor governors

35

Removal of local authority, foundation, representative, additional community and sponsor governors35

(1)    Any local authority governor, foundation governor, or representative governor may be removed from office by the person who appointed him or her, who must give written notice thereof to the clerk to the governing body and to the governor so removed.

(2)    An ex officio foundation governor may be removed from office by the person named in the instrument of government as the person entitled to remove him or her, and that person must give written notice thereof to the clerk to the governing body and to the governor so removed.

(3)    Any additional community governor or sponsor governor may be removed by the person who nominated him or her, who must give written notice thereof to the clerk to the governing body and to the governor so removed.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Removal of community governors

36

Removal of community governors36

The governing body may remove any community governor (except an additional community governor) from office in accordance with the procedure set out in regulation 38.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Removal of appointed parent governors, partnership governors and associate pupil governors

37

Removal of appointed parent governors, partnership governors and associate pupil governors37

Any parent governor appointed by the governing body under paragraphs 9 to 11 of Schedule 2, any partnership governor and any associate pupil governor may be removed by the governing body in accordance with the procedure set out in regulation 38.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Procedure for removal of governors by the governing body

38

Procedure for removal of governors by the governing body38

(1)    This regulation applies in relation to the removal of a governor from office in accordance with regulation 36 or 37.

(2)    A resolution to remove a governor from office which is passed at a meeting of the governing body does not have effect unless—

(a)    before the governing body resolve to remove the governor from office, the governor or governors proposing his or her removal at that meeting state their reasons for doing so and the governor whom it is proposed to remove is given an opportunity to make a statement in response; and

(b)    the matter of the governor's removal from office is specified as an item of business on the agenda for the meeting.

(3)    After a resolution to remove a governor from office has been passed the governing body must inform the person removed from office of the reasons for the removal in writing.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Duty to have regard to guidance

39

Part6Instrument of Government, Staffing, School Councils and Charitable Status Duty to have regard to guidance39

In respect of the making of instruments of government, the matters to be dealt with in such instruments, the form of such instruments, and the review and variation of such instruments, governing bodies and local authorities must have regard to any guidance given from time to time by the Welsh Ministers.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Contents and form of instrument of government

40

Contents and form of instrument of government40

(1)    The instrument of government for a federation must set out—

(a)    the name of the federation;

(b)    the names and categories of the federated schools within the federation;

(c)    the name of the governing body of the federation;

(d)    subject to paragraph (4), the manner in which the governing body is to be constituted in accordance with Part 4, specifying—

(i)    the number of governors in each category of governor;

(ii)    the categories of person from whom or from amongst whose members nominations for the appointment of any additional community governor or sponsor governor are authorised by these Regulations; and

(iii)    the total membership of the governing body;

(e)    where the term of office for a category of governor is to be less than four years, the length of that term of office;

(f)    where the federation has foundation governors—

(i)    the name of any person who is entitled to appoint such governors and, if there is more than one such person entitled to appoint, the basis upon which such appointments are made;

(ii)    details of any foundation governorship to be held ex officio by the holder of a named office; and

(iii)    the name of any person who is entitled to remove any ex officio foundation governor and to appoint any substitute governor;

(g)    where the federation includes a community special school, the name of any appropriate body or appropriate voluntary organisation entitled to nominate a person for appointment as a representative governor under Schedule 6;

(h)    where there is a trust relating to a federated school, that fact;

(i)    where a federated school is a foundation or a voluntary school designated under section 69(3) of the 1998 Act as having a religious character, a single description of the religious ethos of each such school; and

(j)    the date when the instrument of government takes effect.

(2)    The manner in which the governing body is to be constituted, as set out in accordance with sub-paragraph (1)(d), must accord with the provisions of these Regulations.

(3)    The instrument of government must (subject to any statutory provision) comply with any trust relating to a federated school.

(4)    Sub-paragraphs (d) and (e) of paragraph (1) do not apply to associate pupil governors.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Procedure for making an instrument

41

Procedure for making an instrument41

(1)    In this regulation, where reference is made to the local authority and the federation is to include schools maintained by different local authorities, the reference is to be taken as a reference to whichever of those local authorities the governing bodies of the schools agree between them should make the instrument of government for the federation.

(2)    The governing bodies of the schools which are to form the federation must jointly prepare a draft instrument of government and submit it to the local authority.

(3)    Where the federation will have foundation governors, the governing bodies of the proposed federation must not submit the draft to the local authority unless it has been approved in respect of each foundation or voluntary school by—

(a)    that school's foundation governors;

(b)    the trustees of any trust relating to such a school;

(c)    in the case of a Church in Wales or Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority; and

(d)    in the case of any other school designated under section 69(3) of the 1998 Act as having a religious character, the appropriate religious body.

(4)    If—

(a)    the local authority are content that the draft complies with all the applicable provisions; or

(b)    there is agreement between the local authority, the governing bodies and (where the federation will have foundation governors) the persons mentioned in paragraph (3) that the draft should be revised to any extent, and the revised draft complies with all the applicable statutory provisions;

the instrument of government is to be made by the local authority in the form of the draft or (as the case may be) the revised draft.

(5)    If, in the case of a federation which will have foundation governors, there is at any time disagreement as to the content of the draft among the persons mentioned in paragraph (3), any of those persons may refer the draft to the Welsh Ministers who must give such direction as they think fit having regard, in particular, to the categories of schools which are proposed to be included within the federation.

(6)    If neither of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (4) applies in the case of a federation which will not have foundation governors, the local authority must—

(a)    inform the governing body of the federation of the reasons why it is not content with the draft instrument of government; and

(b)    give the governing body of the federation a reasonable opportunity to reach agreement with it on revising the draft;

and the instrument of government must be made by the local authority either in the form of a revised draft agreed between it and the governing body of the federation or (in the absence of such agreement) in such form as it thinks fit having regard, in particular, to the categories of school included in the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Equity & Trusts94 Trusts & Trustees94 Schools96 Education Law96

Review of instruments of government

42

Review of instruments of government42

(1)    The governing body or the local authority may review the instrument of government at any time after it is made.

(2)    Where on any review the governing body or the local authority decides that the instrument of government should be varied, the governing body or (as the case may be) the local authority must notify the other of its proposed variation together with its reasons for proposing such a variation.

(3)    Where the governing body has received notification under paragraph (2), it must inform the local authority as to whether or not it is content with the proposed variation and, if not content, its reasons.

(4)    Where the federation has foundation governors, the governing body must not—

(a)    give the local authority any notification under paragraph (2); or

(b)    inform the local authority under paragraph (3) that it is content with the local authority's proposed variation;

unless the persons listed in regulation 41(3) have approved the proposed variation.

(5)    If—

(a)    whichever of the governing body and the local authority is the recipient of a notification under paragraph (2) agrees with the proposed variation; or

(b)    there is agreement between the local authority, the governing body and (if the federation has foundation governors) the other persons listed in regulation 41(3) that some other variation should be made instead;

the local authority must vary the instrument of government accordingly.

(6)    If, in the case of a federation which has foundation governors, at any time the persons listed in regulation 41(3) disagree with the proposed variation any of those persons may refer it to the Welsh Ministers; and on such a reference the Welsh Ministers must give such direction as they think fit having regard, in particular, to the categories of school which make up the federation.

(7)    If neither sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (5) applies in the case of a federation which does not have foundation governors, the local authority must—

(a)    inform the governing body of the reasons—

(i)    why it is not content with the governing body's proposed variation, or as the case may be;

(ii)    why it wishes to proceed with its own variation; and

(b)    give the governing body a reasonable opportunity to reach agreement with it with regard to the variation;

and the instrument of government must be varied by it either in the manner agreed between it and the governing body or (in the absence of such agreement) in such manner as it thinks fit having regard, in particular, to the categories of school which make up the federation.

(8)    Nothing in this regulation is to be taken as requiring the local authority to vary the instrument of government if it does not consider it appropriate to do so.

(9)    Where an instrument of government is varied under this regulation the instrument must set out the date on which the variation takes effect.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Other requirements relating to instruments of government

43

Other requirements relating to instruments of government43

(1)    The local authority must ensure that the persons set out in paragraph (2) are provided (free of charge) with—

(a)    a copy of the federation's instrument of government; and

(b)    where any variation is made to the federation's instrument of government, a consolidated version of the instrument of government incorporating all variations made by the local authority (other than any variations which have ceased to have effect).

(2)    The persons who are to be provided with the information referred to in paragraph (1) are—

(a)    every member of the governing body of the federation;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation or each federated school, whether or not the head teacher is a member of the governing body;

(c)    the trustees of any trust relating to a federation school;

(d)    in the case of a Church in Wales federated school or Roman Catholic Church federated school, the appropriate diocesan authority;

(e)    in the case of any other federated school designated under section 69(3) of the 1998 Act as having a religious character, the appropriate religious body; and

(f)    the Welsh Ministers.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Equity & Trusts92 Trusts & Trustees92

Staffing of federations

44

Staffing of federations44

The Staffing Regulations apply to the staffing of federations subject to the modifications in Schedule 8.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

School Council Regulations

45

School Council Regulations45

The School Council Regulations apply to the governing body of a federation and its members subject to the modifications in Schedule 9.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Charitable status of federations

46

Charitable status of federations46

(1)    The governing body of a federation which includes a foundation, voluntary or foundation special school is a charity which is an exempt charity for the purposes of the Charities Act 1993, but no governing body of a federation which includes only community, community special or maintained nursery schools is a charity.

(2)    So far as it is a charity, any institution which—

(a)    is administered by or on behalf of any governing body of a federation which includes a foundation, voluntary or foundation special school; and

(b)    is established for the general purposes of, or for any special purpose of, or in connection with, that body or that federation or any foundation, voluntary or foundation special school within that federation;

must also be an exempt charity for the purposes of the Charities Act 1993.

(3)    In this regulation, “charity” (“elusen”) and “institution” (“sefydliad”) have the same meaning as in the Charities Act 1993.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Election of the chair and vice-chair

47

Part7Appointment, Functions and Removal of Officers Election of the chair and vice-chair47

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2) and to section 18 of the 1998 Act (power of the Welsh Ministers for Wales to appoint additional governors), the governing body must elect a chair and a vice-chair from among their number annually.

(2)    A governor who is paid to work at the federation or at a federated school or who is a pupil at a federated school is not eligible to be chair or vice-chair of the governing body of federation in question.

(3)    Subject to paragraphs (5) and (6), the chair or vice-chair is to hold office until his or her successor has been elected in accordance with paragraph (1).

(4)    The chair or vice-chair may at any time resign his or her office by giving notice in writing to the clerk to the governing body.

(5)    The chair or vice-chair ceases to hold office—

(a)    when he or she ceases to be a member of the governing body;

(b)    if he or she is paid to work at the federation or federated school in question;

(c)    if he or she is removed from office in accordance with regulation 49 or replaced by a chair nominated by the Welsh Ministers pursuant to section 18 of the 1998 Act; or

(d)    in the case of the vice-chair, he or she is elected in accordance with paragraph (6) to fill a vacancy in the office of chair.

(6)    Where a vacancy arises in the office of chair or vice-chair, the governing body must at their next meeting elect one of their number to fill that vacancy, subject to paragraph (2) and to section 18 of the 1998 Act.

(7)    Any election of the chair or vice-chair which is contested must be held by secret ballot.

(8)    Where the chair is absent from any meeting or there is at the time a vacancy in the office of chair, the vice-chair is to act as chair for all purposes.

(9)    Where in the circumstances referred to in paragraph (8) the vice-chair is absent from the meeting or there is at the time a vacancy in the office of vice-chair, the governing body must elect one of their number to act as chair for the purposes of that meeting, subject to paragraph (2).

(10)    The clerk to the governing body is to act as chair during that part of any meeting at which the chair is to be elected.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Delegation of functions to the chair or vice-chair in cases of urgency

48

Delegation of functions to the chair or vice-chair in cases of urgency48

(1)    The chair may, where in his or her opinion the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2) apply, exercise any function of the governing body which can be delegated under regulation 59(1).

(2)    The circumstances are that a delay in exercising the function would be likely to be seriously detrimental to the interests of—

(a)    the federation or a federated school;

(b)    any pupil at a federated school, or his or her parent; or

(c)    a person who works at the federation or a federated school.

(3)    In paragraph (2), “delay” (“oedi”) means delay for a period extending beyond the earliest date on which it would be reasonably practicable for a meeting of the governing body, or of a committee to which the function in question has been delegated, to be held.

(4)    Where it appears to the vice-chair that—

(a)    the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2) apply; and

(b)    the chair (whether by reason of a vacancy in the office or otherwise) would be unable to exercise the function in question before the detriment referred to in that paragraph is suffered;

the reference in paragraph (1) to the chair is to read as if it were a reference to the vice-chair.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Removal of the chair or vice-chair from office

49

Removal of the chair or vice-chair from office49

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), the governing body may by resolution remove the chair from office, unless he or she has been nominated by the Welsh Ministers pursuant to section 18 of the 1998 Act.

(2)    Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), the governing body may by resolution remove the vice-chair from office.

(3)    A resolution to remove the chair or vice-chair from office does not have effect unless the matter is specified as an item of business on the agenda for the meeting, of which notice has been given in accordance with regulation 54(7).

(4)    Before the governing body resolve to remove the chair or the vice-chair from office, the governor proposing his or her removal must at that meeting state his or her reasons for doing so and the chair or vice-chair (as the case may be) must be given an opportunity to make a statement in response, before withdrawing from the meeting.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Company Administration & Management94 Company Law & Business Entities94 Companies & Corporate Bodies94

Appointment and removal of the clerk to the governing body

50

Appointment and removal of the clerk to the governing body50

(1)    This regulation is without prejudice to any rights and liabilities which the clerk may have under any contract with the governing body or with the local authority.

(2)    The governing body must appoint a clerk to the governing body.

(3)    The clerk to the governing body must not be—

(a)    a governor;

(b)    a non-governor member of any committee of the governing body; or

(c)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school.

(4)    Notwithstanding paragraph (2), the governing body may, if the clerk fails to attend a meeting of theirs, appoint any one of their number (who is not the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school) to act as clerk for the purposes of that meeting.

(5)    The governing body may remove the clerk to the governing body from office.

(6)    If at any time no federated school has a delegated budget, the local authority may remove the clerk to the governing body and appoint a substitute, provided the local authority consults the governing body before taking such action.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Functions of the clerk to the governing body

51

Functions of the clerk to the governing body51

(1)    The clerk to the governing body must—

(a)    convene meetings of the governing body in accordance with regulation 54;

(b)    attend meetings of the governing body and ensure minutes of the proceedings are produced in accordance with regulation 56(1);

(c)    maintain a register of members of the governing body and report any vacancies to the governing body;

(d)    maintain a register of governors' attendance at meetings and report on non-attendance to the governing body;

(e)    give and receive notices in accordance with regulations 29 (notification of vacancies and appointments), 34 (resignation), 35 (removal of governors), 47(4) (resignation of chair or vice chair), and 54(4) (convening meetings) of, and paragraph 13 of Schedule 7 (notification of disqualification) to, these Regulations;

(f)    report to the governing body as required on the discharge of his or her functions; and

(g)    perform such other functions as may be determined by the governing body from time to time.

(2)    The clerk to the governing body may provide it with advice on its functions and procedures.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Right of persons to attend meetings of the governing body

52

Part8Meetings and Proceedings of Governing Bodies Right of persons to attend meetings of the governing body52

Subject to regulations 53 and 72 of, and Schedule 10 to, these Regulations the following persons are entitled to attend any meeting of the governing body—

(a)    subject to regulation 58, a governor;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a governor);

(c)    the clerk to the governing body; and

(d)    such other persons as the governing body may determine.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Exclusion of associate pupil governors from meetings

53

Exclusion of associate pupil governors from meetings53

The governing body must exclude associate pupil governors from any governing body discussion relating to:

(a)    staff appointments, staff pay, staff discipline, performance management of staff, grievances submitted by staff or dismissal of staff;

(b)    admissions;

(c)    individual pupil discipline;

(d)    election, appointment and removal of governors;

(e)    the budget and financial commitments of the governing body;

(f)    in the case of a federated voluntary aided school, the trust deed relating to that school; or

(g)    any other matter that, by reason of its nature, the governing body is satisfied is and should remain confidential.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Convening meetings of the governing body

54

Convening meetings of the governing body54

(1)    The governing body must hold at least one meeting during every school term.

(2)    Meetings of the governing body must be convened by the clerk and, without prejudice to paragraph (3), in exercising this function the clerk must comply with any direction given by—

(a)    the governing body; or

(b)    the chair, so far as such direction is not inconsistent with any direction given under sub-paragraph (a).

(3)    Any three members of the governing body may requisition a meeting by giving written notice to the clerk that includes a summary of the business to be transacted; and the clerk must convene a meeting as soon as is reasonably practicable.

(4)    Subject to paragraphs (5), (6) and (7), the clerk must give written notice of the meeting, a copy of the agenda, and any reports or other papers to be considered at the meeting at least five clear working days in advance to—

(a)    each governor;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a governor); and

(c)    the local authority.

(5)    Where the chair so determines, on the ground that there are matters demanding urgent consideration, it is sufficient if the written notice of the meeting states that fact and the notice, copy of the agenda, reports and other papers to be considered are given within such shorter period as he or she directs.

(6)    This paragraph applies in relation to any meeting at which—

(a)    the removal of the chair or vice-chair from office;

(b)    the suspension of any governor;

(c)    the removal of a community governor or sponsor governor; or

(d)    a decision to serve notice of discontinuance of a federated school under section 30 of the 1998 Act;

is to be considered.

(7)    Where paragraph (6) applies—

(a)    written notice of the meeting, a copy of the agenda and any reports or other papers to be considered at the meeting must be given at least seven clear working days in advance; and

(b)    the power of the chair to direct that a meeting be held within a shorter period does not apply.

(8)    The functions of the chair in this regulation may be exercised by the vice-chair in the absence of the chair or where there is a vacancy in the office of chair.

(9)    A meeting of the governing body and its proceedings are not invalidated by reason of any person not having received written notice of the meeting or a copy of the agenda.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Quorum and proceedings of the governing body

55

Quorum and proceedings of the governing body55

(1)    The quorum for a meeting of the governing body and for any vote on any matter at such a meeting is one half (rounded up to a whole number) of the membership of the governing body excluding any vacancies and any governors suspended from that meeting in accordance with regulation 58.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (3) every question to be decided at a meeting of the governing body must be determined by a majority of the votes of the governors present and voting on the question.

(3)    Associate pupil governors may not vote on any question to be determined at a meeting of the governing body.

(4)    Where there is an equal division of votes the chair or, as the case may be, the person who is acting as chair for the purposes of the meeting (provided that such person is a governor), has a second or casting vote.

(5)    No decision to serve notice of discontinuance of a federated school under section 30 of the 1998 Act whether taken by the governing body or by a committee, has effect unless it is confirmed by the governing body at a meeting held not less than twenty eight clear working days after the meeting at which the decision was made and—

(a)    the matter is specified as an item of business on the agenda for both meetings; and

(b)    notice of the second meeting is given in accordance with regulation 54(7).

(6)    The proceedings of the governing body of a school are not invalidated by—

(a)    any vacancy among their number;

(b)    any defect in the election, appointment or nomination of any governor;

(c)    any defect in the appointment of the chair or vice-chair; or

(d)    the federation having more governors of a particular category than are provided for by the instrument of government.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Minutes and papers

56

Minutes and papers56

(1)    The clerk (or the person appointed to act as clerk for the purpose of the meeting in accordance with regulation 50(4)) must ensure that minutes of the proceedings of a meeting of the governing body are drawn up and signed (subject to the approval of the governing body) by the chair (or the person acting as chair) at the next meeting.

(2)    The minutes of proceedings must be entered into a book kept for the purpose by the clerk and may be entered on loose-leaf pages consecutively numbered; but in that case the person signing the minutes must initial each page.

(3)    The person acting as clerk to the governing body for the purposes of any meeting must record immediately before the entry recording the minutes of that meeting in the book or pages used for that purpose the names of those members of the governing body and of any other person present at the meeting concerned.

(4)    The governing body must supply a copy of the draft or signed minutes of a particular meeting to the local authority that maintains the school in question on request by the local authority concerned.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Publication of minutes and papers

57

Publication of minutes and papers57

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2), the governing body must, as soon as reasonably practicable, make available for inspection at each of the federated schools by any interested person, a copy of—

(a)    the agenda for every meeting;

(b)    the signed minutes of every such meeting;

(c)    any report or other paper considered at any such meeting; and

(d)    the draft minutes of any meeting, if they have been approved by the person acting as chairman of that meeting.

(2)    The governing body may exclude from any item required to be made available in pursuance of paragraph (1) any material relating to—

(a)    a named person who works, or who it is proposed should work, at the federation or a federated school; or

(b)    a named pupil at, or candidate for admission to, a federated school; or

(c)    any other matter that, by reason of its nature, the governing body is satisfied should remain confidential.

(3)    Each page of published copies of any draft minutes of proceedings of meetings approved by the chair must indicate that they are draft minutes.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Suspension of governors

58

Suspension of governors58

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2), (3) and (4), the governing body may by resolution suspend a governor for all or any meetings of the governing body, or of a committee, for a fixed period of up to six months on one or more of the following grounds—

(a)    that the governor, being a person paid to work at the federation or federated school, is the subject of disciplinary proceedings in relation to his or her employment;

(b)    that the governor is the subject of proceedings in any court or tribunal, the outcome of which may be that he or she is disqualified from continuing to hold office as a governor under Schedule 7;

(c)    that the governor has acted in a way that is inconsistent with the ethos or with the religious character of a federated school and has brought or is likely to bring the federation, a federated school, the governing body or his or her office into disrepute; or

(d)    that the governor is in breach of his or her duty of confidentiality to the federation or a federated school or to any member of staff or to any pupil at the federation or a federated school.

(2)    A resolution to suspend a governor from office does not have effect unless the matter is specified as an item of business on the agenda for the meeting of which notice has been given in accordance with regulation 54(7).

(3)    Before a vote is taken on a resolution to suspend a governor, the governor proposing the resolution must at the meeting state his or her reasons for doing so, and the governor who is the subject of the resolution must be given the opportunity to make a statement in response before withdrawing from the meeting in accordance with regulation 72(2).

(4)    Nothing in this regulation is to be read as affecting the right of a governor who has been suspended—

(a)    to receive notices of, and agendas and reports or other papers for, meetings of the governing body; or

(b)    to attend a meeting of the governing body convened in accordance with regulation 38 to consider his or her removal from office;

during the period of his or her suspension.

(5)    Nothing in this regulation is to be read as preventing a governing body from suspending a governor who has been suspended under paragraph (1) for a further fixed period or periods, whether or not on the same ground as that of the original suspension, and paragraphs (1) to (4) apply in relation to each suspension.

(6)    A governor is not disqualified from continuing to hold office under paragraph 5 of Schedule 7 for failure to attend any meeting of the governing body while suspended under this regulation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools91 Education Law91

Delegation of functions

59

Delegation of functions59

(1)    Subject to regulation 60 of these Regulations, regulation 3(2) of the Religious Character of Schools (Designation Procedure) Regulations 1998 and regulation 7 of the School Government (Terms of Reference) (Wales) Regulations 2000, the governing body may delegate any of its functions to—

(a)    a committee;

(b)    any governor; or

(c)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a governor).

(2)    Where the governing body has delegated functions this does not prevent the governing body from exercising those functions.

(3)    The governing body must review the exercise of functions it has delegated annually.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Restrictions on delegation and specified committees

60

Restrictions on delegation and specified committees60

(1)    The governing body may not delegate under regulation 59(1) its functions under the following regulations—

(a)    those in Part 3 (categories of governors);

(b)    those in Part 4 (composition of governing bodies of a federation);

(c)    those in Part 5 (removal of governors);

(d)    those in Part 6 (instruments of government);

(e)    regulations 47 and 49 (election and removal of chair and vice chair);

(f)    regulation 50 (appointment and removal of the clerk to the governing body);

(g)    regulation 58 (suspension of governors);

(h)    regulation 59 (delegation of functions);

(i)    regulation 63 (establishment of committees);

nor may it delegate its functions in respect of head teacher and deputy head teacher selection panels under regulations 10(9) to (20), 24(8) to (19) and 34 of the Staffing Regulations (as modified by Schedule 8).

(2)    The governing body may not delegate to an individual under regulation 59(1)—

(a)    the functions in:

(i)    sections 28, 29, 30 and 31 of, and paragraph 10(4) of Schedule 6 to the 1998 Act (Alteration or discontinuance of maintained schools);

(ii)    sections 28 and 31 of the 1998 Act as they have effect by virtue of Regulations made under Schedule 8 to the 1998 Act in relation to proposals under that Schedule (Change of category of maintained schools);

(iii)    a scheme made by the local authority under section 48(1) of the 1998 Act, to the extent that it requires the governing body to give their approval to the first formal budget plan of the financial year;

(iv)    section 61(1) to (3) of the 1998 Act (school discipline policies);

(v)    sections 88, 89, 89A and 90(8) of the 1998 Act (which relate to the determination of admission arrangements), section 90(1)) of the 1998 Act (which relates to the reference to the National Assembly for Wales of objections about admission arrangements), or section 94) of the 1998 Act in so far as it relates to the determination of appeal arrangements by the governing body;

(vi)    section 63 of the 1998 Act (school attendance targets);

(vii)    section 439(7) of the 1996 Act (school attendance orders);

(viii)    sections 95(2) and 97(3) of the 1998 Act (appeal against a decision of the local authority to admit a child and referral to the Assembly in respect of a direction made by the local authority to admit a child); or

(b)    the functions that must be delegated to the committees specified in regulations 64 to 66.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Reporting to the governing body following the exercise of delegated functions

61

Reporting to the governing body following the exercise of delegated functions61

(1)    This regulation applies where any function of the governing body has been delegated to or is otherwise exercisable by—

(a)    a governor (including the chair or vice-chair);

(b)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a governor); or

(c)    a committee.

(2)    Any individual or committee to whom a function of the governing body has been delegated or that has otherwise exercised a function of the governing body, must report to the governing body in respect of any action taken or decision made with respect to the exercise of that function.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Application of this Part

62

Part9Committees of Governing Bodies Application of this Part62

This Part does not apply in relation to head teacher and deputy head teacher selection panels established under regulations 10 or 24 of the Staffing Regulations (as modified by Schedule 8).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Establishment of committees of the governing body

63

Establishment of committees of the governing body63

(1)    This regulation applies to committees of the governing body subject to regulations 64, 65 and 66.

(2)    The governing body must determine the constitution, membership and terms of reference of any committee it decides to establish and review them annually.

(3)    A chair must be appointed annually to each committee by the governing body or elected by the committee, as determined by the governing body.

(4)    A committee must elect a member of that committee to act as chair in the absence of the chair appointed under paragraph (3).

(5)    No person who is employed to work at the federation or a federated school, nor a registered pupil of the federation or a federated school may act as chair of a committee.

(6)    The governing body may remove the chair to any committee from office at any time.

(7)    The membership of a committee may include associate pupil governors and persons who are not governors and the extent to which such members are entitled to vote is to be determined by the governing body.

(8)    The majority of members on any committee must be governors excluding associate pupil governors.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Staff disciplinary and dismissal committee and disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee

64

Staff disciplinary and dismissal committee and disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee64

(1)    The following functions of the governing body of a federation must be delegated to a committee, to be known as the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee—

(a)    where a federated school is a community, voluntary controlled or community special school, the initial determination under regulation 17(1) of the Staffing Regulations (as modified by Schedule 8) that any person employed by the local authority to work at the federation or federated school should cease to work there;

(b)    where a federated school is a foundation, voluntary aided or foundation special school, the initial decision that a person employed to work at the federation or federated school should have his or her contract of employment with the governing body terminated or should not have his or her contract renewed (except where the dismissal is pursuant to a direction of the local authority under paragraph 7 of Part 2 of Schedule 2 to the 2002 Act); and

(c)    the hearing of representations in relation to a decision which must be delegated under this paragraph.

(2)    The hearing of any appeal in respect of a decision that must be delegated under paragraph (1) must be delegated to a committee, known as the disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee.

(3)    The staff disciplinary and dismissal committee must include not less than three governors, but where allegations are made against a member of staff that involve issues of child protection the committee must include not less than two governors and an independent person who is not a governor.

(4)    The disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee must include no fewer governors than the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee whose decision is subject to appeal and where allegations are made against a member of staff that involve issues of child protection the committee must include an independent person who was not involved in the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee's decision.

(5)    For the purposes of paragraphs (3) and (4) a person is to be regarded as independent in the following circumstances—

(a)    where the person is not a governor of the federation or a federated school;

(b)    where the person is not a parent of a current or former pupil at the federated school;

(c)    where the person is not a current or former member of staff at the federation or the federated school in question;

(d)    where the person is not currently employed by the local authority that maintains the federated school in question.

(6)    The quorum for a meeting of the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee and the disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee and any vote on any matter at the committees is the same as the minimum requirements for the composition of those committees specified in this regulation.

(7)    Where a disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee is considering an appeal against a decision of the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee, no member of the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee whose decision is subject to appeal may take part in the proceedings of the disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee.

(8)    Neither the head teacher of the federation or a federated school nor an associate pupil governor may be a member of the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee or the disciplinary and dismissal appeal committee.

(9)    No member of the staff disciplinary and dismissal committee or the disciplinary and dismissal appeals committee who is not a governor is entitled to vote in any proceedings of the committee in question, save for the independent member of each committee appointed in accordance with paragraph (3) or (4).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools98 Education Law98

Pupil discipline and exclusions committee

65

Pupil discipline and exclusions committee65

(1)    The governing body of a federation must establish a committee, to be known as the pupil discipline and exclusions committee, to discharge the functions conferred on it by or under regulations made under section 52(3) and (4) of the 2002 Act (exclusion of pupils).

(2)    The pupil discipline and exclusions committee must consist of either three or five governors, but must not include the head teacher of the federation or a federated school or any associate pupil governor.

(3)    The quorum for a meeting of the pupil discipline and exclusions committee and any vote on any matter before the committee is three members of the committee.

(4)    The chair of the pupil discipline and exclusions committee may exercise any function conferred on the governing body by or under regulations made under section 52(3) and (4) of the 2002 Act (exclusion of pupils) in a case where—

(a)    a pupil has been excluded for a fixed period in circumstances in which he or she would, as a result of the exclusion, lose an opportunity to take any public examination; and

(b)    it appears to the chair that it would not be practical for a quorate meeting of the committee to take place for any purpose referred to in such regulations before the time when the pupil would be due to take that examination.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Admissions committee

66

Admissions committee66

(1)    Where the governing body of a federation is the admissions authority for a federated school it must establish a committee, to be known as the admissions committee, to exercise its powers to determine whether any child should be admitted to the federated school.

(2)    A committee established under paragraph (1) must consist of—

(a)    the head teacher of the federated school to which admission is sought (who is entitled to vote whether or not he or she is a governor); and

(b)    at least two other governors (excluding associate pupil governors).

(3)    In the case of a federated school which has more than one head teacher, the reference in paragraph (2)(a) to the head teacher is to be interpreted as a reference to one of the head teachers.

(4)    The quorum for the admissions committee and any vote on any matter at the committee is the same as the minimum requirement for the composition of the committee specified in this regulation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools96 Education Law96

Clerks to committees

67

Clerks to committees67

(1)    The governing body must appoint a clerk to each committee established in accordance with regulations 64 to 66 and may appoint a clerk to any other committee established by it.

(2)    Neither the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school nor an associate pupil governor may be appointed as a clerk under paragraph (1).

(3)    Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the committee may, if the clerk fails to attend a meeting of theirs, appoint any one of their number (who is not the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school) to act as clerk for the purposes of that meeting.

(4)    The governing body may remove any clerk appointed to any of their committees from office at any time.

(5)    A clerk appointed to a committee of the governing body must—

(a)    convene meetings of the committee;

(b)    attend meetings of the committee and ensure that minutes of the proceedings are drawn up; and

(c)    perform such other functions with respect to that committee as may be determined by the governing body from time to time.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools93 Education Law93

Right of persons to attend meetings of committees

68

Right of persons to attend meetings of committees68

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) and Schedule 10 to these Regulations the following persons are entitled to attend any meeting of a committee—

(a)    any member of the committee, provided he or she is not a governor who has been suspended in accordance with regulation 58;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a member of the committee);

(c)    the clerk to the committee; and

(d)    such other persons as the governing body or the committee may determine.

(2)    A committee may exclude a member who is not a governor from any part of its meeting which he or she is otherwise entitled to attend when the business under consideration concerns an individual member of staff or pupil.

(3)    Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in relation to the committees referred to in regulations 64 and 65 or in relation to any committee or selection panel exercising any function under the Staffing Regulations (as modified by Schedule 8).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Meetings of committees

69

Meetings of committees69

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2) meetings of a committee must be convened by the clerk to that committee who, when exercising this function, must comply with any direction given by—

(a)    the governing body;

(b)    the chair of that committee, so far as such direction is not inconsistent with any direction given under sub-paragraph (a).

(2)    Where a clerk has not been appointed committee meetings must be convened by the chair who, when exercising this function, must comply with any direction given by the governing body.

(3)    Subject to any direction given in accordance with paragraphs (1) or (2), at least five clear working days in advance the clerk must give to each member of the committee and to the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a member of the committee)—

(a)    written notice of the meeting;

(b)    a copy of the agenda for the meeting; and

(c)    any reports or other papers to be considered at the meeting;

but where the chair of the committee so determines on the ground that there are matters demanding urgent consideration, it is sufficient if the written notice of the meeting states that fact and the notice, agenda and reports or other papers to be considered at the meeting are given within such shorter period as he or she directs or decides (as the case may be).

(4)    The proceedings of a committee are not invalidated by—

(a)    any vacancy among their number; or

(b)    any defect in the appointment of any member of the committee.

(5)    Subject to regulations 64(6), 65(3) and 66(4), the quorum for a meeting of a committee and for any vote on any matter at such a meeting is one half (rounded up to a whole number) of the membership of the committee excluding any vacancies and any associate pupil governors.

(6)    Subject to paragraph (8) no vote on any matter may be taken at a meeting of a committee unless the majority of members of the committee present are governors excluding associate pupil governors.

(7)    Every question to be decided at a meeting of a committee is to be determined by a majority of the votes of the members of the committee present and voting on the question.

(8)    Where there is an equal division of votes the person who is acting as chair for the purposes of the meeting has a second or casting vote, provided that such person is a governor excluding associate pupil governors.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools93 Education Law93

Minutes of meetings of committees

70

Minutes of meetings of committees70

(1)    Minutes of the proceedings of a meeting of a committee must be drawn up by the clerk to the committee or by the person acting as the clerk for the purposes of the meeting; and must be signed (subject to the approval of the committee) by the chair of the next meeting of the committee.

(2)    Any committee of the governing body must supply their local authority with a copy of the draft or signed minutes of any meeting of theirs on request by that local authority.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Publication of minutes and papers

71

Publication of minutes and papers71

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2) the committee must, as soon as reasonably practicable, make available for inspection at each of the federated schools forming part of the federation by any interested person a copy of—

(a)    the agenda for every committee meeting;

(b)    the signed minutes of every such meeting; and

(c)    any report or other paper considered at any such meeting.

(2)    The committee may exclude from any item required to be made available in pursuance of paragraph (1) any material relating to—

(a)    a named person who works, or who it is proposed should work, at the federation or a federated school;

(b)    a named pupil at, or candidate for admission to, the federation;

(c)    any other matter that, by reason of its nature, the committee is satisfied should remain confidential.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Restrictions on persons taking part in proceedings

72

Part10Restrictions on Persons Taking Part in Proceedings of the Governing Body or its Committees Restrictions on persons taking part in proceedings72

(1)    In this regulation and in Schedule 10—

(a)    “relevant person” (“person perthnasol”) means a governor, a member of a committee who is not a governor, the head teacher of the federation or of a federated school (whether or not he or she is a governor) or any person appointed as clerk to the governing body or to a committee; and

(b)    any reference to “meeting of the federation or a federated school” (“cyfarfod o'r ffederasiwn neu ysgol ffederal”) is a reference to a meeting of the governing body or of a committee, including a selection panel established under the Staffing Regulations (as modified by Schedule 8).

(2)    Subject to paragraph (4), where—

(a)    in relation to any matter there may be a conflict between the interests of a relevant person and the interests of the governing body;

(b)    a fair hearing is required and there is any reasonable doubt about a relevant person's ability to act impartially in relation to any matter; or

(c)    a relevant person has a pecuniary interest in any matter;

that person, if present at a meeting of the federation or a federated school at which the matter is the subject of consideration, must disclose his or her interest, withdraw from the meeting and not vote on the matter in question.

(3)    Nothing in this regulation or in Schedule 10 is to be construed as precluding—

(a)    the governing body, or a committee, from—

(i)    allowing a person who appears to them to be able to give evidence to attend any hearing conducted by them into any matter and to present his or her evidence; or

(ii)    hearing representations from a relevant person acting in a capacity other than that of a relevant person; or

(b)    a relevant person from entering into a contract with the governing body from which he or she is entitled to profit.

(4)    A person who is acting as the clerk to a meeting of the federation or a federated school is not required to withdraw from a meeting by this regulation or Schedule 10 unless his or her appointment to office, his or her remuneration, or disciplinary action against him or her is the subject of consideration, but if this regulation or Schedule 10 would have otherwise required him or her to withdraw, he or she may not act in any capacity other than that of a clerk.

(5)    Where there is any dispute as to whether a relevant person is required by this regulation, or by Schedule 10 to withdraw from a meeting of the federation or a federated school and not vote, that question is to be determined by the other governors present at the meeting.

(6)    Schedule 10 makes provision about pecuniary interests and other specified conflicts of interest.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Information for the governing body of a federation

73

Part11Information and Funding Information for the governing body of a federation73

(1)    Immediately before the federation date, the governing body of a school which is to become a federated school must prepare, for the purpose of assisting the governing body of the federation, a written report on the action which they have taken in the discharge of their functions relating to the school.

(2)    All minutes and papers of a governing body of a school which is to become a federated school on the federation date, including the report prepared under paragraph (1), is to be made available to the governing body of the federation.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools93 Education Law93

Financing of federations

74

Financing of federations74

Except as provided by regulation 75, Chapter 4 of Part 2 of the 1998 Act (financing of maintained schools) applies to federated schools and their governing bodies as it applies to other maintained schools and their governing bodies.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools98 Education Law98

75

75

(1)    In its application to a federated school in Wales, other than one for which a temporary governing body is established pursuant to regulation 77 or 82, section 50 of the 1998 Act (effect of financial delegation) is to have effect subject to the following modifications.

(2)    In subsection (1), for “maintained” substitute “federated”.

(3)    In subsection (2) for “any amounts are made available by the authority to the governing body” substitute “any amounts in respect of a federated school are made available by the local authority to the governing body of a federation”.

(4)    In subsection (3)—

(a)    for “the governing body may spend any such amounts” substitute “the governing body of a federation may spend any amounts made available under subsection (2), or previously made available to the governing bodies of the federated schools before federation”; and

(b)    for paragraph (a) substitute—

“(a)    for any purposes of the federated school to which the amounts relate;

(ab)    for any purposes of any other federated school within the federation;

(ac)    for any purposes of the federation; or”.

(5)    In subsection (4) for “In subsection (3) “purposes of the school” does not include” substitute “In subsection (3)(a), (ab) and (ac) any reference to the purposes of a federated school or a federation does not include”.

(6)    In subsection (6), for “the head teacher” substitute “the head teacher of the federation or to the head teachers of federated schools”.

(7)    In subsection (7), for “school” substitute “federation”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Procedure for a school to leave a federation

76

Part12Federated Schools Leaving Federations Procedure for a school to leave a federation76

(1)    This regulation applies to a request made to a governing body of a federation for a federated school (“the relevant school”) to leave the federation.

(2)    The request must be made in writing and signed by—

(a)    two or more governors;

(b)    one fifth of the parents of registered pupils at the relevant school;

(c)    two fifths of staff who are paid to work at the relevant school;

(d)    the local authority;

(e)    the trustees of the relevant school; or

(f)    a body entitled to appoint foundation governors to the governing body of the federation.

(3)    The governing body of the federation must give notice of the request to—

(a)    all relevant local authorities;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation and the head teacher of each federated school;

(c)    where the relevant school is a foundation or voluntary school with a religious foundation, any trustees of a trust relating to the relevant school and, in the case of a Church in Wales or Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority, or the appropriate religious body in the case of all other such schools;

(d)    all staff paid to work at the relevant school;

(e)    every person known by them to be a parent of a registered pupil at the relevant school;

(f)    every trade union known by them to have members paid to work at any of the schools; and

(g)    such other persons as the governing body of the federation consider appropriate.

(4)    Notice under paragraph (3) must be given within the period of five clear working days beginning with the date on which the request was received.

(5)    A request under paragraph (1) is to be taken to have been received by a governing body of a federation if given or sent to the chair or to the clerk of the governing body of a federation.

(6)    Not less than fourteen clear working days after the governing body of a federation have given notice of the request in accordance with paragraph (3), the governing body must consider the request and all responses received from the persons to whom notification of the request was sent and must decide whether—

(a)    subject to paragraph (9), the relevant school should leave the federation and, if so, on what date it should do so (“the de-federation date”) (“y dyddiad dadffedereiddio”);

(b)    the federation should be dissolved, and if so, on what date; or

(c)    the relevant school should not leave the federation.

(7)    Such a decision does not have effect unless the matter is specified as an item of business on the agenda for the meeting of which notice has been given in accordance with regulation 54(4).

(8)    The governing body of a federation must give notice in writing of their decision under paragraph (6) within five clear working days to those persons referred to in paragraph (3).

(9)    The de-federation date specified by the governing body must be not less than 125 days after the day on which notice of the governing body decision under paragraph (8) was given.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Equity & Trusts95 Trusts & Trustees95 Schools93 Education Law93

Decision to permit federated school to leave a federation

77

Decision to permit federated school to leave a federation77

(1)    Upon notification that a governing body of a federation have resolved that a federated school should leave a federation paragraphs (2) or (3) are to apply.

(2)    Where one of only two federated schools is to leave a federation, the federation is to be dissolved in accordance with Part 13.

(3)    Where paragraph (2) does not apply,

(a)    the local authority must—

(i)    establish a temporary governing body in respect of the school leaving the federation in accordance with Parts 3 and 4 of the New Maintained Schools Regulations; and

(ii)    issue a new instrument of government for that school in accordance with Part 5 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations;

(b)    the governing body of the federation must review the instrument of government of the federation in accordance with regulation 42.

(4)    For the purpose of paragraph (3)(a)(ii)—

(a)    the reference in regulation 32 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations to “governing bodies” is treated as a reference to “temporary governing bodies”; and

(b)    references in regulation 34 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations to—

(i)    “governing body” are treated as references to “temporary governing body”; and

(ii)    “foundation governors” are treated as references to “temporary foundation governors”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

Availability of amounts representing budget share

78

Availability of amounts representing budget share78

Subject to any provision made by or under a scheme made under section 48(1) of the 1998 Act, the temporary governing body of a school leaving a federation may spend any sum made available by the local authority under section 50(1) of that Act to the governing body of the federation in respect of the school leaving the federation, as they think fit for any purposes of that school.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Incorporation of governing body of a school leaving a federation

79

Incorporation of governing body of a school leaving a federation79

On the de-federation date the temporary governing body of the de-federated school are incorporated as the governing body of that school under the name given in the school's instrument of government.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools98 Education Law98

Transfer of property

80

Transfer of property80

(1)    On the de-federation date—

(a)    all land or property, which, immediately before the de-federation date, was held by the governing body of the federation for the purposes of the de-federated school transfers to, and by virtue of these Regulations vests in, the governing body incorporated under regulation 79; and

(b)    all rights and liabilities subsisting immediately before the de-federation date which were acquired or incurred by the governing body of the federation for the purposes of the de-federated school transfer to the governing body incorporated under regulation 79.

(2)    Section 198 of and Schedule 10 to the Education Reform Act 1988 (which make provision in relation to transfers of property, rights and liabilities) apply in relation to transfers effected by this regulation as they apply in relation to transfers to which that section and Schedule apply.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

Dissolution of federations

81

Part13Dissolution of Federations Dissolution of federations81

(1)    Where—

(a)    a governing body of a federation decide that the federation should be dissolved; or

(b)    a governing body of a federation decide that one of only two federated schools should leave the federation,

the governing body of a federation must give notice of the fact and the proposed date of dissolution to the persons mentioned in paragraph (2) within fourteen clear working days.

(2)    The persons to be notified are—

(a)    all relevant local authorities;

(b)    the head teacher of the federation and each head teacher of a federated school;

(c)    every member of staff paid to work at the federation or a federated school;

(d)    every person known by the governing body to be a parent of a registered pupil at a federated school;

(e)    where a federated school is a foundation or voluntary school with a religious foundation, the foundation governors, any trustees of a trust relating to the federated school and, in the case of a Church in Wales or Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority, or the appropriate religious body in the case of all other such schools;

(f)    every trade union known to them to have members paid to work at any of the schools; and

(g)    such other persons as the governing body of the federation consider appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Equity & Trusts94 Trusts & Trustees94 Schools96 Education Law96

Establishment of temporary governing body

82

Establishment of temporary governing body82

Upon receipt of the notice issued under regulation 81 the relevant local authority or local authorities must—

(a)    establish a temporary governing body in respect of each school in accordance with Parts 3 and 4 of the New Maintained Schools Regulations; and

(b)    issue a new instrument of government for each school in accordance with Part 5 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

83

83

For the purposes of regulation 82(b)—

(a)    the reference in regulation 32 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations to “governing bodies” is treated as a reference to “temporary governing bodies”; and

(b)    references in regulation 34 of the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations to—

(i)    “governing body” are treated as references to “temporary governing body”; and

(ii)    “foundation governors” are treated as references to “temporary foundation governors”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools93 Education Law93

Availability of amounts representing budget share

84

Availability of amounts representing budget share84

Subject to any provision made by or under a scheme made under section 48(1) of the 1998 Act, the temporary governing body of each school may spend any sum made available by the local authority under section 50(1) of that Act to the governing body of the federation in respect of each school, as they think fit for any purposes of that school.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Incorporation of governing body of a school leaving a federation

85

Incorporation of governing body of a school leaving a federation85

On the date of dissolution the temporary governing body of each federated school is incorporated as the governing body of each de-federated school under the name given in the school's instrument of government.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools98 Education Law98

Transfer of property

86

Transfer of property86

(1)    On the date of dissolution—

(a)    all land or property which, immediately before the date of dissolution, was held by the governing body of the federation for the purposes of each de-federated school, transfers to, and by virtue of these Regulations vests in, the new governing body of each de-federated school incorporated under regulation 85; and

(b)    all rights and liabilities subsisting immediately before the date of dissolution which were acquired or incurred by the governing body of the federation for the purposes of each de-federated school transfer to the new governing body of each de-federated school incorporated under regulation 85.

(2)    Section 198 of and Schedule 10 to the Education Reform Act 1988 (which make provision in relation to transfers of property, rights and liabilities) are to apply in relation to transfers effected by this regulation as they apply in relation to transfers to which that section and Schedule apply.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools97 Education Law97

Amendments to the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations

87

Part14Miscellaneous Amendments to Regulations Amendments to the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations87

(1)    Schedule 5 to the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations is amended as follows—

(a)    in sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph 6, after “rescinded” insert “or a moratorium period under a debt relief order applies in relation to him or her”;

(b)    in sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph 9, substitute “sections 28, 29 or 29A” for “sections 28 and 29”;

(c)    after sub-paragraph (bb) of paragraph 9 insert—

“(bc)    disqualified from registration under Part XA of the Children Act 1989 for childminding or providing day care;

(bd)    disqualified from registration under Part 3 of the Childcare Act 2006;”;

(d)    in sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 10, for “Subject to sub-paragraph (6)” substitute “Subject to sub-paragraph (5)”; and

(e)    in paragraph 10, for sub-paragraph (5) substitute—

“(5)    For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (2) to (4) above, any conviction by or before a court outside the United Kingdom of an offence which, if the facts giving rise to the offence had taken place in any part of the United Kingdom, would not have constituted an offence in that part of the United Kingdom under the law in force at the time the facts given rise to the offence had taken place, must be disregarded.”.

(2)    In sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph 1, of Schedule 7 to the Government of Maintained Schools Regulations, after “relevant person is a” insert “business”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Amendment to the Education (Foundation Body) (Wales) Regulations 2001

88

Amendment to the Education (Foundation Body) (Wales) Regulations 200188

In sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph 2, of Schedule 2 to the Education (Foundation Body) (Wales) Regulations 2001, for “rescinded;” substitute “rescinded or a moratorium period under a debt relief order applies in relation to him or her; or”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Signature

Leighton Andrews

Minister for Children, Education and Lifelong Learning, one of the Welsh Ministers

7 March 2010

SCHEDULE 1 Temporary Governing Bodies of New Schools Intending to Federate

SCHEDULE 1Temporary Governing Bodies of New Schools Intending to Federate Regulation 9

General principles

1

The size of the membership of the temporary governing body, being no fewer than 15 and no more than 25 temporary governors, is to be determined by the local authority.

2

In determining the size of the membership of the temporary governing body, the local authority must not include—

(a)    any temporary sponsor governors;

(b)    any temporary foundation governors appointed in accordance with paragraph 8(2); or

(c)    any temporary associate pupil governors.

3

In determining the size of the membership of the temporary governing body, the local authority must include any temporary additional community governors appointed in accordance with paragraph 12.

4

Where application of paragraphs 5 to 10 produces a number other than a whole number, the local authority is to specify either the whole number next above or the whole number next below (at their choice) provided that the total number of temporary governors is within the limits set in paragraph 1.

Temporary governing body for new community, community special or maintained nursery schools

5

A temporary governing body constituted for two or more proposed community schools, proposed community special schools or proposed maintained nursery schools only, is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (f) at least two temporary community governors;

(f)    at least one temporary representative governor where the proposed federation contains at least one proposed community special school to take the place of an equal number of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(g)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resigns his or her governorship.

Temporary governing body for new foundation or foundation special schools

6

A temporary governing body constituted for two or more proposed foundation schools or foundation special schools only, is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    at least two temporary community governors;

(f)    at least two temporary foundation governors (or temporary partnership governors as appropriate in respect of any school without a foundation); and

(g)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resigns his or her governorship.

Temporary governing body for new voluntary controlled schools

7

A temporary governing body constituted for two or more proposed voluntary controlled schools only, is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    at least two temporary community governors; and

(f)    at least two temporary foundation governors; and

(g)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resigns his or her governorship.

Temporary governing body for new voluntary aided schools

8

(1)    A temporary governing body constituted for two or more proposed voluntary aided schools only, is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    such number of temporary foundation governors as out number all the other temporary governors listed in sub-paragraphs (a) to (d) by two; and

(f)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resign his or her governorship.

(2)    In addition, the person who is entitled to appoint temporary foundation governors may appoint such number of temporary foundation governors (up to two or where the federation contains new secondary schools only, up to four) as are required to preserve their majority.

Temporary governing body for new voluntary controlled schools and community, community special or maintained nursery schools

9

A temporary governing body constituted for at least one proposed voluntary controlled school and at least one proposed community school, community special school or proposed maintained nursery school is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (g), at least two temporary community governors;

(f)    at least two temporary foundation governors;

(g)    at least one temporary representative governor where the proposed federation contains at least one proposed community special school to take the place of one of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(h)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resigns his or her governorship.

Temporary governing body for proposed federation comprising more than one category of school including at least one new foundation or foundation special or voluntary aided school

10

A temporary governing body constituted for more than one category of school and at least one proposed foundation school, foundation special school or voluntary aided school is to be composed as follows—

(a)    for each proposed school at least one temporary parent governor appointed to represent the interests of the parents of children who are, or are likely to become, registered pupils at that school;

(b)    at least one but no more than two temporary teacher governors;

(c)    at least one but no more than two temporary staff governors;

(d)    at least two temporary local authority governors;

(e)    subject to sub-paragraph (g), at least two temporary community governors;

(f)    at least two temporary foundation governors (or temporary partnership governors as appropriate in respect of any school without a foundation);

(g)    at least one temporary representative governor where the proposed federation contains at least one proposed community special school to take the place of one of the community governors required by sub-paragraph (e); and

(h)    the head teacher or the head teacher designate of each proposed school, unless he or she resigns his or her governorship.

Temporary sponsor and associate pupil governors

11

A temporary governing body constituted in accordance with paragraphs 5 to 10 may, in addition—

(a)    appoint up to two temporary sponsor governors; and

(b)    appoint up to two temporary associate pupil governors.

Temporary Additional Community Governors

12

(1)    This paragraph applies to a temporary governing body constituted in accordance with paragraphs 5 to 10 for one or more of the following—

(a)    any proposed community, voluntary or foundation school which is to be a primary school; and

(b)    any proposed maintained nursery school;

which serves an area for which there are one or more community councils.

(2)    The instrument of government of a proposed school must provide for the temporary governing body to include (in addition to the governors required by virtue of paragraphs 5 to 11, as the case may be) one temporary community governor nominated by the community council.

(3)    If a proposed school serves an area for which there are two or more community councils, the temporary governing body may seek nominations from one or more of those councils.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Law95

SCHEDULE 2 Election and Appointment of Parent Governors

SCHEDULE 2Election and Appointment of Parent Governors Regulation 11

1

Subject to paragraph 2(2), in this Schedule “appropriate body” (“corff priodol”) means—

(a)    the local authority where the federated school is a community school, community special school, a voluntary controlled school or a maintained nursery school; or

(b)    the governing body of the federation where the federated school is a foundation school, foundation special school or voluntary aided school.

2

(1)    Where a local authority is the appropriate body in relation to a school, that local authority may delegate to the head teacher of the school, or to the head teacher of the federation, any of its functions under this Schedule.

(2)    The local authority is the appropriate body in relation to a school within paragraph 1(b) if the governing body of the federation and the local authority so agree.

3

Subject to paragraphs 4 to 8 the appropriate body must make all necessary arrangements for the election of parent governors.

4

The appropriate body must determine for the purposes of an election of parent governors, any question whether a person is a parent of a registered pupil at the school.

5

The duty conferred by paragraph 3—

(a)    does not include power to impose any requirement as to the minimum number of votes required to be cast for a candidate to be elected, but

(b)    does include the power to make provision as to qualifying dates.

6

Any election which is contested must be held by secret ballot.

7

(1)    The arrangements made under paragraph 3 must provide for every person who is entitled to vote to have an opportunity to do so by post.

(2)    For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1), “post” (“post”) includes delivery by hand.

(3)    The arrangements made under paragraph 3 may provide for every person who is entitled to vote to have an opportunity to do so by electronic means.

8

Where a vacancy for a parent governor arises, the appropriate body must take such steps as are reasonably practicable to secure that every person who is known to them to be a parent of a registered pupil at the school is—

(a)    informed of the vacancy and that it is required to be filled by election;

(b)    informed that he or she is entitled to stand as a candidate and vote in the election; and

(c)    given the opportunity to do so.

9

The number of parent governors required must be made up of parent governors appointed by the governing body if one or more vacancies for parent governors arises and either—

(a)    the number of parents standing for election is less than the number of vacancies;

(b)    at least 50 per cent of the registered pupils at the school are boarders and it would, in the opinion of the appropriate body, be impractical for there to be an election of parent governors; or

(c)    in the case of a school which is a community special school or foundation special school established in a hospital, it would, in the opinion of the appropriate body, be impractical for there to be an election of parent governors.

10

(1)    Except where paragraph 11 applies, in appointing a parent governor to represent a federated school, the governing body of a federation must appoint—

(a)    a parent of a registered pupil at the school;

(b)    a parent of a registered pupil at another school within the federation; or

(c)    a parent of a child of compulsory school age, or in the case of a maintained nursery school, of or under compulsory school age.

(2)    The governing body must only appoint a person referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b) or (c) if it is not reasonably practicable to appoint a person referred to in the sub-paragraph which immediately precedes it.

11

(1)    Where the school is a community special school or a foundation special school, in appointing a parent governor the governing body of a federation must appoint—

(a)    a parent of a registered pupil at the school;

(b)    a parent of a child of compulsory school age with special educational needs;

(c)    a parent of a person of any age with special educational needs; or

(d)    a parent of a child of compulsory school age.

(2)    The governing body of a federation must only appoint a person referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b), (c) or (d) if it is not reasonably practicable to appoint a person referred to in the sub-paragraph which immediately precedes it.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools96 Education Law96

SCHEDULE 3 Election of Teacher and Staff Governors

SCHEDULE 3Election of Teacher and Staff Governors Regulations 12 and 13

1

Subject to paragraphs 2 to 4, the governing body of the federation must make all necessary arrangements for the election of teacher and staff governors.

2

The governing body of the federation is to determine for the purposes of an election of teacher and staff governors whether a person is a school teacher or otherwise employed to work at the school.

3

The duty conferred by paragraph 1—

(a)    does not include power to impose any requirements as to the minimum number of votes required to be cast for a candidate to be elected; but

(b)    includes the power to make provision as to qualifying dates.

4

Any election which is contested must be held by secret ballot.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools97 Education Law97

SCHEDULE 4 Appointment of Partnership Governors

SCHEDULE 4Appointment of Partnership Governors Regulation 17

1

Where a partnership governor is required, the governing body of a federation—

(a)    must seek nominations from parents of registered pupils at schools in the federation which have no foundation, and from such other persons in the community served by the federation as they consider appropriate; and

(b)    may seek nominations from parents of registered pupils at other schools in the federation as they consider appropriate.

2

No person may nominate for appointment, or appoint, a person as a partnership governor unless that person would be eligible for appointment by the governing body of the federation as a community governor.

3

(1)    In the case of a foundation special school without a foundation, the governing body of the federation must appoint at least one person with experience of education for children with special education needs as a partnership governor, unless no eligible nominee has such experience.

(2)    In seeking nominations for partnership governors for foundation special schools, the governing body of a federation must take steps to secure that persons making nominations are aware of the requirement in paragraph (1).

4

Subject to paragraph 5(2), no governor may nominate a person for appointment as a partnership governor.

5

(1)    The governing body must appoint such number of partnership governors as is required by the instrument of government from among eligible nominees.

(2)    If the number of eligible nominees is less than the number of vacancies, the number of partnership governors required may be made up by persons selected by the governing body of the federation.

6

(1)    Where the governing body of a federation makes an appointment under paragraph 5(2), having rejected any person nominated under paragraph 1, it must give written reasons for its decision to the local authority and to the person rejected.

(2)    Where the federation includes schools maintained by more than one local authority, the reference in sub-paragraph (1) to the local authority is to be taken as a reference to each local authority.

7

The governing body of a federation must make all necessary arrangements for and determine all other matters relating to the nomination and appointment of partnership governors.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools95 Education Services99 Family Law99 Education Law95 Children99 Local Government99 Social Services99

SCHEDULE 5 Appointment of Sponsor Governors

SCHEDULE 5Appointment of Sponsor Governors Regulation 18

1

In this Schedule, “sponsor” (“noddwr”) in relation to a federation means—

(a)    a person who gives or has given substantial financial assistance (which for these purposes includes benefits in kind) to the federation or to a federated school other than pursuant to statutory obligation; or

(b)    any other person (not being otherwise represented on the governing body of a federation) who provides or has provided substantial services to the federation or to federated school.

2

Where the federation has one or more sponsors, the governing body of the federation may determine that the instrument of government is to provide for the governing body of the federation to appoint such number of sponsor governors, not exceeding two, nominated in accordance with paragraph 3.

3

The governing body of a federation must seek nominations for such appointments from the federation's or a federated school's sponsor or (as the case may be) from one or more of the federation's or federated school's sponsors.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Advertising, Merchandising & Sponsorship99 Schools94 Media & Communications99 Education Law94

SCHEDULE 6 Appointment of Representative Governors

SCHEDULE 6Appointment of Representative Governors Regulation 19

1

(1)    In relation to a community special school established in a hospital, the local authority must designate as the appropriate body—

(a)    one local health board or more than one board to act jointly; or

(b)    the National Health Service trust;

with which the school is most closely associated and the appropriate body must appoint a representative governor to take the place of one of the number of community governors appointed in accordance with regulation 22, 26 or 27 (as the case may be).

(2)    For the purposes of this Schedule “National Health Service trust” (“ymddiriedolaeth Gwasanaeth Iechyd Gwladol”) means a body established by the Welsh Ministers under section 18 of the National Health Service (Wales) Act 2006.

2

Where a community special school is not established in a hospital—

(a)    the local authority may designate one voluntary organisation or more than one such organisation to act jointly as the appropriate voluntary organisation concerned with matters in respect of which the school is specially organised; and

(b)    where an appropriate voluntary organisation is so designated, it must appoint the representative governor to take the place of one of the number of community governors appointed in accordance with regulation 22, 26 or 27 (as the case may be).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools94 Education Law94

SCHEDULE 7 Qualifications and Disqualifications

SCHEDULE 7Qualifications and Disqualifications Regulation 32

General

1

Save in the case of associate pupil governors no person is qualified to be a governor unless he or she is aged 18 or over at the date of his or her election or appointment.

2

No person may at any time hold the office of more than one governor of the same school.

3

Save as otherwise provided in these Regulations, the fact that a person is qualified to be elected or appointed as a governor of a particular category at a federation does not disqualify him or her from election or appointment or from continuing as a governor of any other category at that federation.

Mental disorder

4

A person is disqualified from holding or for continuing to hold office as a governor of a federation at any time when he or she is liable to be detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 or under any re-enactment or statutory modification of that Act in force from time to time.

Failure to attend meetings

5

(1)    This paragraph applies to any governor who is not a governor by virtue of his or her office.

(2)    A governor, who, without the consent of the governing body, has failed to attend the meetings thereof for a continuous period of six months beginning with the date of the first such meeting he or she failed to attend, is, on the expiry of that period, disqualified from continuing to hold office as a governor of that federation.

(3)    Where a governor has sent an apology to the clerk to the governing body before a meeting which he or she does not propose to attend, the minutes of the meeting must record the governing body's consent or otherwise to the absence and a copy of the minutes must be sent to the governor concerned at his or her normal place of residence.

(4)    A governor who has been disqualified as a governor of a federation under sub-paragraph (2) is not qualified for election, nomination or appointment as a governor of any category at that federation during the twelve months immediately following his or her disqualification under sub-paragraph (2).

Bankruptcy

6

A person is disqualified from holding or continuing to hold office as a governor of a federation if—

(a)    he or she has been adjudged bankrupt or sequestration of his or her estate has been awarded and (in either case) he or she has not been discharged and the bankruptcy order has not been annulled or rescinded or a moratorium period under a debt relief order applies in relation to him or her; or

(b)    he or she has made a composition or arrangement with, or granted a trust deed for, his or her creditors and has not been discharged in respect of it.

Disqualification of company directors

7

A person is disqualified from holding or from continuing to hold office as a governor of a federation at any time when he or she is subject to—

(a)    a disqualification order or disqualification undertaking under the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986;

(b)    a disqualification order under Part 2 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1989;

(c)    a disqualification undertaking accepted under the Company Directors Disqualification (Northern Ireland) Order 2002; or

(d)    an order made under section 429(2)(b) of the Insolvency Act 1986 (failure to pay under county court administration order).

Disqualification of charity trustees

8

A person is disqualified from holding or from continuing to hold office as a governor of a federation if—

(a)    he or she has been removed from the office of trustee for a charity by an order made by the Charity Commissioners or the High Court on the grounds of any misconduct or mismanagement in the administration of the charity for which he or she was responsible or to which he or she was privy, or to which he or she contributed or which he or she facilitated by his or her conduct; or

(b)    he or she has been removed, under section 34 of the Charities and Trustee Investment (Scotland) Act 2005 (powers of Court of Session to deal with management of charities), from being concerned in the management or control of any body.

Persons whose employment is prohibited or restricted

9

A person is disqualified from holding or from continuing to hold office as a governor of a federation at any time when he or she is—

(a)    included in the list of teachers and workers with children or young persons whose employment is prohibited or restricted under section 1 of the Protection of Children Act 1999;

(b)    subject to a direction of the Welsh Ministers or the Secretary of State under section 142 of the 2002 Act;

(c)    disqualified from working with children under sections 28, 29 or 29A of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000;

(d)    disqualified from registration under Part XA of the Children Act 1989 for childminding or providing day care;

(e)    disqualified from registration under Part 3 of the Childcare Act 2006;

(f)    barred from regulated activity relating to children in accordance with section 3(2) of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006);

(g)    subject to a direction by the appropriate authority under section 167A of the 2002 Act; or

(h)    by virtue of an order made under section 470 or section 471 of the 1996 Act, disqualified from being the proprietor of any independent school or from being a teacher or other employee in any school.

Criminal convictions

10

(1)    Subject to sub-paragraph (5), a person is disqualified from holding, or continuing to hold, office as a governor of a federation where any of sub-paragraphs (2) to (4) or (6) apply to him or her.

(2)    This sub-paragraph applies to a person if—

(a)    within the period of five years ending with the date immediately preceding the date on which his or her appointment or election as governor would otherwise have taken effect or, as the case may be, on which he or she would otherwise have become a governor by virtue of his or her office; or

(b)    since his or her appointment or election as governor or, as the case may be, since he or she became a governor by virtue of his or her office;

he or she has been convicted, whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, of any offence and has had passed on him or her a sentence of imprisonment (whether suspended or not) for a period of not less than three months without the option of a fine.

(3)    This sub-paragraph applies to a person if within the period of 20 years ending with the date immediately preceding the date on which his or her appointment or election as governor would otherwise have taken effect or, as the case may be, on which he or she would otherwise have become a governor by virtue of his or her office, he or she has been convicted as aforesaid of any offence and has had passed on him or her a sentence of imprisonment for a period of not less than two and a half years.

(4)    This sub-paragraph applies to a person if he or she has at any time been convicted as aforesaid of any offence and he or she has had passed on him or her a sentence of imprisonment for a period of not less than five years.

(5)    For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (2) to (4), any conviction by or before a court outside the United Kingdom of an offence which, if the facts giving rise to the offence had taken place in any part of the United Kingdom, would not have constituted an offence in that part of the United Kingdom under the law in force at the time the facts given rise to the offence had taken place, must be disregarded.

(6)    This sub-paragraph applies to a person if—

(a)    within the period of five years ending with the date immediately preceding the date on which his or her appointment or election as governor would otherwise have taken effect or, as the case may be, on which he or she would otherwise have become a governor by virtue of his or her office; or

(b)    since his or her appointment or election as governor or, as the case may be, since he or she became a governor by virtue of his or her office;

he or she has been convicted under section 547 of the 1996 Act (nuisance or disturbance on school premises) or under section 85A of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 (nuisance and disturbance on educational premises) of an offence and has been sentenced to a fine.

Governors of more than two schools

11

(1)    Save in the case of associate pupil governors no person may at any time hold office as governor in more than two federations.

(2)    For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) no account is to be taken of ex officio governorships, governorships to which the New Maintained Schools Regulations apply or any appointment under sections 16, 16A, 18 or 18A of the 1998 Act.

Refusal to make an application for a criminal records certificate

12

A person is disqualified from holding or continuing to hold office as a governor at any time when he or she refuses a request by the governing body to make an application under section 113B of the Police Act 1997 for a criminal records certificate.

Notification to clerk

13

Where—

(a)    by virtue of any paragraphs 6 to 11 a person is disqualified from holding, or for continuing to hold, office as a governor of a federation; and

(b)    he or she is, or is proposed to become, a governor;

he or she must give notice of that fact to the clerk to the governing body.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Criminal Procedure99 Company Law & Business Entities94 Schools95 Trusts & Trustees96 Equity & Trusts96 Companies & Corporate Bodies94 Bankruptcy94 Family Law98 Education Law95 Consequences of Bankruptcy94 Director Disqualification96 Civil Procedure & Administration of Justice94 Civil Courts94 Child Protection98 Directors94 Insolvency Law96 Young Persons99

SCHEDULE 8 Modification of the Staffing Regulations

SCHEDULE 8Modification of the Staffing Regulations Regulation 44

1

In regulation 3, after paragraph (7) insert the following paragraph—

“(8)    In these Regulations—

(a)    any reference to the head teacher or deputy head teacher of a school is to be construed as a reference to the head teacher or deputy head teacher of a federation or of a federated school; and

(b)    where reference is made to the authority and a federation includes schools maintained by more than one authority, the reference is to be taken as a reference to each.”.

2

In regulation 4, for paragraph (1) substitute—

“(1)    A governing body and an authority must exercise their respective functions under these Regulations and any other enactment with a view to ensuring that there is employed, or engaged otherwise than under contracts of employment, a staff suitable and sufficient in numbers for the purpose of securing the provision of education appropriate to the ages, abilities, aptitudes and needs of the pupils having regard to any arrangements for the utilisation of the services of staff employed or engaged otherwise than at the federation or federated school in question.”.

3

In regulation 6(1)(a), after “sending a copy to the” insert “relevant”.

4

In regulations 7(1), (2)(a) to (c) and (4)(c), 24A(2) and (5), 27(1) and (3), 29(1) and (4), and 32(1) for “school” in each place it occurs substitute “federation or federated school”.

5

In regulation 7(3) for “school's staff” substitute “federation or federated school staff”.

6

In regulation 7(4)(a) for “school” substitute “federation”.

7

In regulation 7(4)(b) and (d) for “school” substitute “federated school”.

8

In regulations 9 and 20 after “This Part applies to” insert “federated schools which are”.

9

In regulations 9A(3), 9B and 20A(3), for “school” in each place it occurs substitute “federation or a federated school”.

10

In regulation 10(11) for “work at the school” substitute “work at the federation or a federated school”.

11

In regulations 12(1), 12(4), 12(9)b), 12(15), 15A(1), (2) and (5), 17(1) to (3), (8) and (11), 26(1), (5), (10)(b) and (15) for “school” in each place it occurs substitute “federation or federated school”.

12

In regulations 15A(4), 18(3) and 24A(4) for “work at the school” in each place it occurs substitute “work at the federation or a federated school”.

13

In regulation 16 for paragraph (1) substitute—

“(1)    Subject to regulation 18—

(a)    both the governing body and the head teacher of the federation have the power to suspend any person employed, or engaged otherwise than under a contract of employment, to work at the federation; and

(b)    both the governing body and the head teacher of a federated school have the power to suspend any person employed to work, or engaged otherwise than under a contract of employment, at that federated school,

where, in the opinion of the governing body or (as the case may be) the head teacher, his or her suspension is required.”.

14

In regulation 17(4) for “school's” substitute “federated school's”.

15

In regulation 18(1) for “work at a school” substitute “work at a federation or a federated school”.

16

In regulation 18(3) for “school” in the first place it occurs substitute “federated school”.

17

In regulations 18A and 26A for “school” substitute “federation or federated school”.

18

In regulation 19(1) after “applies to a” insert “federated”.

19

In regulation 19(2)(a) after “teachers at the” insert “federated”.

20

In regulation 19(4) after “apply to a” insert “federated”.

21

In regulation 23(1) after “foundation school” insert “which is a federated school and”.

22

In regulation 23(5) for “school” substitute “federated school”.

23

In regulation 24, after paragraph (8) insert—

“(8A)    The foundation governors appointed in respect of a particular federated voluntary aided school must agree any recommendation at paragraph (8)(c) in respect of the head teacher of that school.”.

24

In regulation 24A for paragraph (1) substitute—

“(1)    No person supplied by an employment business to a federation or federated school may begin work as a teacher or member of support staff at the federation or federated school unless the governing body have received—

(a)    written notification from the employment business in relation to that person—

(i)    that the checks referred to in regulation 15A(6) have been made;

(ii)    that an application for an enhanced criminal record certificate accompanied by a children's suitability statement has been made, or such a certificate has been obtained in response to an application by that or another employment business; and

(iii)    whether, if the employment business has obtained such a certificate before the person is due to begin work at the federation or federated school, it disclosed any matter or information, or any information was supplied to the employment business in accordance with section 113B(6) of the Police Act 1997; and

(b)    where the employment business has obtained an enhanced criminal record certificate before the person is due to begin work at the federation or federated school, and it discloses any matter or information, or any information was provided to the employment business in accordance with section 113B(6) of the Police Act 1997, a copy of the certificate.”.

25

In regulation 28 for paragraph (1) substitute—

“(1)    Both the governing body and the head teacher—

(a)    of the federation have the power to suspend any person employed, or engaged otherwise than under a contract of employment, to work at the federation; and

(b)    of a federated school have the power to suspend any person employed to work, or engaged otherwise than under a contract of employment, at that federated school,

where, in the opinion of the governing body or (as the case may be) the head teacher, his or her suspension is required.”.

26

In regulation 32, for paragraph (2) substitute—

“(2)    Regulations 16 and 17 apply in relation to the suspension, dismissal or withdrawal from the federation or federated school of any member of the staff who is employed by the authority as they apply in relation to the suspension, dismissal or withdrawal from a federation or federated school to which Part 2 of these Regulations applies of a person who is employed to work at the federation or federated school.”.

27

In regulation 32(3) for “the school” substitute “a federated school” and for “as if it were a school” substitute “as if it were a federated school”.

28

In regulations 33(1) and 34(1) after “voluntary aided school” insert “which is a federated school”.

29

In regulation 35, after “school” insert “which is to be a federated school”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools96 Education Law96

SCHEDULE 9 Modification of the School Councils Regulations

SCHEDULE 9Modification of the School Councils Regulations Regulation 45

1

In regulation 2 in the definition of “school” for “maintained school” substitute “maintained school which is a federated school” and for “maintained nursery school” substitute “maintained nursery school which is a federated school”.

2

In regulation 2 in the definition of “infant school” for “maintained school” substitute “maintained school which is a federated school”.

3

In regulation 2 in the definition of “special educational needs resource base” after “school” insert “which is a federated school”.

4

In regulation 3 for paragraph (1) substitute—

“(1)    The governing body of a federation must establish a school council, the purpose of which is to enable pupils to discuss matters relating to their school, their education and any other matters of concern or interest and to make representations on these to the governing body and the head teacher of the federation or a federated school.”.

5

In regulation 3(2) for “head teacher of a school” substitute “head teacher of the federation or a federated school”.

6

In regulation 3(3) for “head teacher of a school” substitute “head teacher of the federation or a federated school”.

7

In regulation 3(4) for “head teacher of a school” substitute “head teacher of the federation or a federated school”.

8

In regulation 4(2) for “head teacher” substitute “head teacher of the federation or a federated school”.

9

In regulation 4(4) for “head teacher of any school” substitute “head teacher of the federation or a federated school”.

10

In regulation 5 after “foundation special schools” insert “which are federated schools”.

11

For regulation 7 substitute—

“(1)    The head teacher of the federation or of a federated school must ensure that the school council has the opportunity to nominate up to two pupils from years 11 to 13 (inclusive) from its membership to be associate pupil governors on the governing body.

(2)    The governing body of a federation must accept any pupil nominated in accordance with paragraph (1), and appoint him or her as an associate pupil governor on the governing body of the federation, provided the pupil is not disqualified from membership in accordance with Schedule 10 to the Federation of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2009.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Schools92 Education Law92

SCHEDULE 10 Restrictions on Persons Taking Part in Proceedings of the Governing Body or its Committees

SCHEDULE 10Restrictions on Persons Taking Part in Proceedings of the Governing Body or its Committees Regulation 72

Pecuniary interests

1

(1)    For the purposes of regulation 72(2), a pecuniary interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter includes a case where—

(a)    a relevant person was nominated or appointed to office by a person with whom the contract was made or is proposed to be made; or

(b)    a relevant person is a business partner of a person with whom the contract was made or is proposed to be made; or

(c)    a relative of a relevant person (including his or her spouse, civil partner within the meaning of the Civil Partnership Act 2004 or someone living with that person as if he or she were that person's spouse or civil partner) to the knowledge of that person has, or would be treated as having, such an interest.

(2)    For the purposes of regulation 72(2) a relevant person is not to be treated as having a pecuniary interest in any matter—

(a)    provided his or her interest in the matter is no greater than the interest of the generality of those paid to work at the federation or a federated school;

(b)    by reason only of the fact that he or she was nominated or appointed to office by, is a member of, or is employed by, any public body; or

(c)    by reason only of the fact that he or she is a member of a corporation or other body if he or she has no financial interest in any securities of that corporation or other body.

(3)    A governor is not, by reason of his or her pecuniary interest in the matter, prevented from considering and voting upon proposals for the governing body to take out insurance protecting members against liabilities incurred by them arising out of their office and the governing body shall not, by reason of the pecuniary interest of its members, be prevented from obtaining such insurance and paying the premiums.

(4)    A governor is not prevented from considering or voting upon any proposal regarding allowances to be paid in accordance with the Governor Allowances (Wales) Regulations 2005 by reason that he or she has an interest in the payment of such allowances to members of the governing body generally but a member of a governing body or any committee thereof must withdraw from a meeting during a consideration or discussion of, and must not vote on, whether he or she should receive a particular allowance, the amount of any payment or any question about an allowance that has been paid to him or her.

Office of governor, chair, vice-chair or clerk

2

(1)    This sub-paragraph applies where a relevant person is present at a meeting of the federation or federated school at which a subject of consideration is—

(a)    his or her own appointment, reappointment, suspension or removal as a member of the governing body or a committee;

(b)    his or her own appointment or removal from office as clerk to, or chair or vice-chair of, the governing body or clerk to or chair of a committee;

(c)    if he or she is a sponsor governor, any determination under paragraph 2 of Schedule 5 as to the provision in the instrument of government for sponsor governors.

(2)    In any case where sub-paragraph (1) applies, the relevant person's interests are to be treated for the purposes of regulation 72(2) as being in conflict with the governing body's interests.

Pay or appraisal of persons working at the school

3

(1)    This sub-paragraph applies where a relevant person who is paid to work at a federation or federated school other than as head teacher is present at a meeting of the federation or federated school at which a subject of consideration is the pay or performance appraisal of any particular person employed to work at the federation or a federated school.

(2)    This sub-paragraph applies where a head teacher of a federation or a federated school is present at a meeting of the federation or a federated school at which a subject of consideration is his or her own pay or performance appraisal.

(3)    In any case where sub-paragraph (1) or (2) applies, the relevant person's interests are to be treated for the purpose of regulation 72(2) as being in conflict with the governing body's interests.

Appointment of staff

4

Where a relevant person who is employed to work at a federation or a federated school is present at a meeting of the federation or a federated school at which a subject of consideration is the appointment of a successor to that person, he or she must withdraw from the meeting during the consideration or discussion of the matter in question and must not vote on any question with respect to that matter.

Persons who are members of more than one governing body

5

The fact that a person is a governor or a member of a committee of the governing body at more than one federation is not under any circumstances to be considered a conflict of interest for the purpose of these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 12 April 2010: see reg 1(1).

Unmarried Partners93 Family Law93

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations apply to federations consisting of all categories of schools in Wales.

Part 1 provides for the Regulations to come into force on 12 April 2010 and contains interpretative provisions.

Part 2 sets out the circumstances in which a federation can be established or a school can join an existing federation. At least two schools can federate in accordance with section 24 of the Education Act 2002.

Regulations 4 to 9 set out the procedure for governing bodies of maintained schools to federate including circumstances where a federation wishes to join another federation to form a new federation and where a new school wishes to join a federation. Regulation 9 and Schedule 1 enable new schools which propose to be federated schools to have a single temporary governing body.

Regulation 10 provides that on the federation date the governing bodies of the individual schools dissolve and the governing body of the federation is incorporated. All relevant land, property, rights and liabilities are transferred to the governing body of the federation.

Part 3 describes the various types of governor. Regulation 11 and Schedule 2 deal with parent governors and set out the basis on which they are elected or appointed.

Regulation 12 deals with teacher governors and regulation 13 deals with staff governors who are not teachers. The head teacher is a governor by virtue of his or her position but may resign his or her governorship (or withdraw his or her resignation) at any time. Schedule 3 sets out the election process for staff governors.

Regulation 14 deals with the appointment of local authority governors.

Regulation 15 sets out who is eligible for appointment as a community governor and as an additional community governor.

Regulation 16 deals with the appointment of foundation governors, including ex officio foundation governors and substitute governors. Regulation 17 and Schedule 4 make provision for the nomination and appointment of partnership governors and regulation 18 and Schedule 5 make provision for the nomination and appointment of sponsor governors. The appointment of sponsor governors is optional.

Regulation 19 and Schedule 6 makes provision for the nomination and appointment of representative governors.

Regulation 20 makes provision for the appointment of associate pupil governors.

Part 4 sets out the general principles by which the size and composition of governing bodies of federations are to be determined. Regulations 22 to 28 set out the specific requirements for the constitution of the governing bodies of federations, dependent upon the type of schools which make up a federation.

Part 5 deals with qualifications and term of office. Regulation 32 and Schedule 7 set out the circumstances in which a governor is disqualified from standing for election, being appointed or continuing in office as a governor.

Regulation 33 provides that (with some exceptions) a governor's term of office is a maximum of 4 years. In the event that an ex officio foundation governor is unable or unwilling to take up office, a substitute governor may be appointed. Regulation 34 sets out the procedure for resigning as a governor. Regulations 35 to 38 provide for the removal of governors who have been appointed (rather than elected) to office.

Part 6 deals with the procedure for making, reviewing and varying instruments of government and the content of instruments. Regulation 44 applies provisions within the Staffing of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2006, and regulation 45 applies provisions within the School Councils (Wales) Regulations 2005, to the governing bodies of federations, and to governors, where certain modifications are required as set out in Schedules 8 and 9 respectively.

Part 7 deals with the appointment and removal of officers of the federated governing body, and their functions. Regulation 48 deals with delegation of functions to the chair or vice-chair in cases of urgency. Under regulation 50 the federated governing body is required to appoint a clerk to the governing body, and has the power to remove the clerk from office at any time. Regulation 51 sets out the functions of the clerk to the federated governing body.

Part 8 provides for meetings and proceedings of the federated governing body. This Part includes provisions for access to meetings, convening meetings, quorum, minutes and their publication. Decisions on all matters are to be made by majority of governors voting.

Regulation 58 sets out the circumstances in which a governor may be suspended from meetings for up to 6 months. Regulations 59 to 61 relate to delegation of the federated governing body functions.

Part 9 deals with the establishment and proceedings of committees of federated governing bodies, including clerking arrangements, convening meetings, quorum, voting and publication of minutes.

Part 10 and Schedule 10 deal with conflicts of interest and the circumstances in which governors and others who are otherwise entitled to attend meetings of the federated governing body or its committees must withdraw and not vote. The general principle is that where there is a conflict between the interests of such a person and the interests of the federated governing body, or where the principles of natural justice require a fair hearing and there is any reasonable doubt about that person's ability to act impartially, he or she should withdraw from the meeting and not vote.

Part 11 deals with information and funding matters. Regulation 73 provides for the governing bodies of each school which will be part of a federation to provide specified information to assist the governing body of the federation.

Regulation 74 applies Chapter 4 of Part 2 of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 (“the 1998 Act”) to federations subject to regulation 75, which modifies section 50 of the 1998 Act as it applies to federated schools and the governing bodies of federations. The modified section 50 applies until a temporary governing body is established when a school proposes to leave a federation or when a federation is dissolved.

Part 12 sets out the procedure required for a federated school to leave a federation.

Regulation 77 provides that where a school is to leave a federation, the local authority must establish a temporary governing body and issue an instrument of government in respect of that school and review the instrument of government of the federation. Under regulation 78, the temporary governing body of the school leaving the federation may spend its budget share made available by the local authority.

Regulation 79 provides for the incorporation of the governing body of the school leaving the federation on the de-federation date and regulation 80 deals with the transfer of land, property, rights and liabilities to the governing body of the school leaving the federation.

Part 13 sets out the procedure for the dissolution of a federation. The local authority must establish a temporary governing body for each school within the federation and issue an instrument of government in relation to each school.

Regulation 84 enables the temporary governing body of each school to spend the budget share made available to it by the local authority.

Regulation 85 provides for the incorporation (on the date of dissolution) of the governing bodies of each school previously within the dissolved federation and regulation 86 deals with the transfer of land, property, rights and liabilities to the governing body of each of those schools.

Part 14 amends the Government of Maintained Schools (Wales) Regulations 2005 (SI 2005/2914 (W 211)) and the Education (Foundation Body) (Wales) Regulations 2001 (SI 2001/2709 (W 228)).

Advertising, Merchandising & Sponsorship99 Schools97 Media & Communications99 Education Law97