1 Title, application and commencement

This Order may be cited as the Bluetongue Order 2007; it applies in England and comes into force at 6.00 pm on 2 November 2007.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see above.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

2 Interpretation

2Interpretation

(1)    In this Order—

“animal” means a ruminating animal, and “carcase”, “embryo”, “ovum” and “semen” mean the carcase, embryo, ovum and semen of such an animal;

“premises” includes any place; and

“midge” means an insect of the genus Culicoides.

(2)    Any authorisation, licence, notice or direction under this Order must be in writing, may be subject to conditions and may be amended, suspended or revoked by notice in writing at any time.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

3 Extension of the definition of disease

3Extension of the definition of “disease”

The definition of “disease” in section 88(1) of the Animal Health Act 1981 is extended to include bluetongue.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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4 Exemptions

4Exemptions

(1)    This Order does not apply to bluetongue virus possessed under a licence issued under the Specified Animal Pathogens Order 1998.

(2)    It does not apply to quarantine centres or quarantine facilities approved under the Animals and Animal Products (Import and Export) (England) Regulations 2006.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

5 Initial requirements where bluetongue is known or suspected

Part2Suspected and Confirmed Bluetongue 5Initial requirements where bluetongue is known or suspected

(1)    The owner or keeper of any animal or carcase, or any person who examines or inspects any animal or carcase, who knows or suspects that the animal or carcase is infected with bluetongue, must—

(a)    immediately notify the Divisional Veterinary Manager; and

(b)    not move any animal or carcase on or off the premises where the animal or carcase known to be or suspected of being diseased is located, except as authorised by an inspector.

(2)    A person who analyses a sample taken from any animal or carcase and who finds evidence of antibodies to, or antigens or nucleic acids of, the bluetongue virus or any evidence of vaccination for bluetongue must immediately notify the Divisional Veterinary Manager.

(3)    In this article “Divisional Veterinary Manager” means the veterinary inspector authorised by the Secretary of State to receive information about animals or carcases diseased or suspected of being diseased for the area in which such animals or carcases are situated.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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6 Suspected or infected premises

6Suspected or infected premises

(1)    An inspector who knows or suspects that the bluetongue virus exists on any premises must immediately serve a notice on the occupier or on the keeper of any animals on those premises requiring that—

(a)    no animal, ovum, semen or embryo enters or leaves the premises;

(b)    an inventory of all animals on the premises is made, recording, for each species—

(i)    the number dead;

(ii)    the number alive that appear to have bluetongue; and

(iii)    the number alive which do not appear to have bluetongue;

(c)    the inventory is kept up to date;

(d)    all animals on the premises are kept indoors or as directed by an inspector;

(e)    the premises and animals on them are subject to the midge control measures specified in the notice.

(2)    A veterinary inspector or an inspector acting under the direction of a veterinary inspector may also serve such a notice on the occupier of premises if the veterinary inspector suspects that animals on the premises have been exposed to the bluetongue virus.

(3)    The person making the inventory must keep it for at least two years.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

7 Powers of veterinary inspectors and officers

7Powers of veterinary inspectors and officers

If a notice has been served under the previous article, a veterinary inspector (and, other than in the case of examination of an animal, an inspector or an officer of the Secretary of State acting under the direction of a veterinary inspector) upon entering the premises may—

(a)    examine any animal, carcase or thing;

(b)    require the detention, isolation, restraint or treatment of any animal;

(c)    carry out an epidemiological investigation relevant to the control of bluetongue;

(d)    carry out tests and take samples (including blood samples) from any animal, carcase or thing for the purpose of diagnosis or epidemiological investigation;

(e)    mark for identification purposes any animal, carcase or thing;

(f)    trap midges;

(g)    implement midge control measures;

(h)    require the destruction, burial, disposal or treatment of any thing;

(i)    require the cleansing and disinfection of any part of the premises or of any person, animal or thing on the premises; or

(j)    require the occupier, any veterinary surgeon who has attended any animal on the premises or any other person who has been in charge of or in contact with any such animal to give details of any other animal or other premises with which any such animal may have come into contact.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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8 Temporary control zones

8Temporary control zones

(1)    Following the service of a notice under article 6, the Secretary of State may declare a temporary control zone.

(2)    When a temporary control zone has been established in Wales or Scotland which touches the border with England the Secretary of State may establish an associated temporary control zone in England.

(3)    The location and size of the temporary control zone shall be such as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to prevent the spread of disease.

(4)    Where a temporary control zone has been established, no person may move any animal on to or off premises in the zone except in accordance with a licence issued by a veterinary inspector.

(5)    Premises partly inside and partly outside a temporary control zone are treated as being wholly inside that zone.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

9 Measures on confirmation of the bluetongue virus

9Measures on confirmation of the bluetongue virus

(1)    If the Chief Veterinary Officer confirms that the bluetongue virus is circulating in England, the Secretary of State, on being satisfied on epidemiological, geographical, ecological or meteorological grounds that this is appropriate for disease control purposes, must declare an area to be a control zone.

(2)    The control zone must include the infected premises, and be of such size as the Secretary of State considers appropriate for disease control purposes.

(3)    No person may move an animal to or from premises in a control zone.

(4)    Premises which are only partly inside a control zone are treated as being wholly within that control zone.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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10 Restrictions in protection and surveillance zones

10Restrictions in protection and surveillance zones

(1)    If the Chief Veterinary Officer confirms that the bluetongue virus is circulating in England the Secretary of State—

(a)    must declare an appropriate area to be a restricted zone, and

(b)    may divide the restricted zone into two separate zones, a protection zone and a surveillance zone.

(2)    No person may move an animal, semen, ovum or embryo out of a restricted zone except under the authority of a licence granted by an inspector.

(3)    No person may move an animal from a protection zone to a surveillance zone except under the authority of a licence granted by an inspector.

(4)    An inspector must grant a licence if the movement is permitted under Commission Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007 as amended from time to time, and the conditions of any licence must be such as to ensure that the movement is made in accordance with that Regulation.

(5)    Premises partly inside a restricted zone and partly in an area that does not have controls for bluetongue are treated as being in the restricted zone.

(6)    If the restricted zone has been divided into a protection zone and a surveillance zone—

(a)    premises (except premises which are partly inside a control zone) which are partly inside a protection zone are treated as being wholly within the protection zone, and

(b)    premises (except premises which are partly inside a surveillance zone) which are partly inside a surveillance zone are treated as being wholly within the surveillance zone.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

11 Powers of inspectors and officers in control or restricted zones

11Powers of inspectors and officers in control or restricted zones

(1)    In a control or restricted zone, veterinary inspectors, officers authorised by the Secretary of State and inspectors have the powers they have in article 7.

(2)    A veterinary inspector may also—

(a)    require the occupier of premises in a protection zone or the keeper of any animal on such premises to allow the vaccination of any animal kept there; and

(b)    require the occupier or keeper—

(i)    to retain animals for use as sentinel animals, or

(ii)    to allow the introduction of sentinel animals onto those premises.

(3)    In this article “sentinel animal” means an animal that does not have antibodies to the bluetongue virus when first introduced or retained at the premises, and is used for surveillance for the bluetongue virus.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

12 Slaughter of animals

12Slaughter of animals

(1)    The Secretary of State may designate slaughterhouses for the purposes of slaughtering animals transported out of a restricted zone.

(2)    If an animal is transported from a restricted zone to a slaughterhouse outside the restricted zone in accordance with a licence, the occupier of the slaughterhouse must slaughter the animal within 24 hours of arrival.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

13 Subsequent movement of animals

13Subsequent movement of animals

If an animal, semen, ovum or embryo that has been in a restricted zone is moved on to premises outside the restricted zone, an inspector may serve a notice on the occupier of those premises, and on the occupier of any premises to which the animal is subsequently moved, prohibiting the movement of that animal from those premises except under the authority of a licence issued by an inspector.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

14 Bluetongue outside England

14Bluetongue outside England

If bluetongue is confirmed outside England, the Secretary of State may declare a control zone or restricted zone in England if this is appropriate for disease control purposes.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

15 Slaughter of animals

15Slaughter of animals

Section 32 of the Animal Health Act 1981 (which relates to slaughter and compensation) applies to bluetongue.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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16 Declarations of zones

16Declarations of zones

Declarations of zones—

(a)    must be in writing;

(b)    may be amended by further declaration at any time;

(c)    must designate the extent of the zone being declared; and

(d)    may only be revoked by further declaration.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

17 Surveillance

Part3Miscellaneous 17Surveillance

An officer of the Secretary of State may enter any premises on which animals are kept (whether or not in a control zone or restricted zone) for the purposes of monitoring or surveillance for the bluetongue virus or antibodies to the bluetongue virus.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

18 Vaccination against bluetongue

18Vaccination against bluetongue

No person may vaccinate an animal against bluetongue unless authorised by the Secretary of State.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

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19 Powers of inspectors in case of default

19Powers of inspectors in case of default

A notice served under this Order must be complied with at the expense of the person on whom it is served, and if it is not complied with an inspector may arrange for it to be complied with at the expense of that person.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

20 General powers of inspectors

20General powers of inspectors

An inspector or officer of the Secretary of State who enters premises under this Order may take with him—

(a)    a vehicle;

(b)    any equipment; and

(c)    such other person as is appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

21 Damage

21Damage

No person may—

(a)    damage, interfere with or remove any traps set for midges under this Order; or

(b)    deface, obliterate or remove any mark made by any person under this Order.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

22 Licences

22Licences

(1)    A person moving anything under the authority of a specific licence granted under this Order must—

(a)    keep the licence or a copy of it with him at all times during the licensed movement;

(b)    on demand by a veterinary inspector or other officer of the Secretary of State or by an inspector, produce the licence or copy and allow a copy or extract to be taken.

(2)    A person moving anything under the authority of a general licence granted under this Order must—

(a)    carry, at all times during the movement, a consignment note that contains details of—

(i)    what is being transported, including the quantity;

(ii)    the date of the movement;

(iii)    the name of the consignor;

(iv)    the address of the premises from which the movement started;

(v)    the name of the consignee;

(vi)    the address of the premises of destination;

(b)    on demand by a veterinary inspector or other officer of the Secretary of State or by an inspector, produce the consignment note and allow a copy or extract to be taken.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

23 Licences granted outside England

23Licences granted outside England

Licences granted in Scotland or Wales for activities which could be licensed in England under this Order have effect in England as if they were licences granted under this Order.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

24 Provision of assistance

24Provision of assistance

(1)    Any person required to give reasonable assistance or information to a person acting under this Order must, unless he has reasonable cause, do so without delay.

(2)    No person shall provide information which he knows to be false or misleading to a person acting under this Order.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

25 Offences by bodies corporate

25Offences by bodies corporate

(1)    Where a body corporate is guilty of an offence under this Order, and that offence is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to have been attributable to any neglect on the part of—

(a)    any director, manager, secretary or other similar person of the body corporate; or

(b)    any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity,

that person is guilty of the offence as well as the body corporate.

(2)    For the purposes of this article, “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

26 Enforcement

26Enforcement

(1)    This Order is enforced by the local authority.

(2)    The Secretary of State may direct, in relation to cases of a particular description or to particular cases, that he will enforce this Order instead.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

27 Revocations

27Revocations

The following are revoked—

(a)    the Bluetongue Order 2003 (except for article 18), and

(b)    the Bluetongue (Amendment) (No 2) Order 2007.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 2 November 2007 at 1800 hours: see art 1.

Extent

This Order applies to England only: see art 1.

Signature

Jeff Rooker

Minister of State

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

3.30 pm on 2nd November 2007

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Order)

This Order continues to implement Council Directive 2000/75/EC laying down specific provisions for the control and eradication of bluetongue. It revokes and remakes the Bluetongue Order 2003 in order to enforce Commission Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.

The Order provides that references to the Commission Regulation are references to it as amended from time to time (article 10(4)).

The principal change to the 2003 Order is that movement licences in zones controlled or restricted for the purposes of bluetongue control must be in accordance with the Commission Regulation rather than the Commission Decision that it replaces.

Part 2 of the Order provides for the reporting of symptoms of bluetongue and for the establishment of control zones and restricted zones. Unlike in the previous Order, these zones can now be of a size appropriate for the control of bluetongue. It controls the movement of animals from those zones. It also provides for the separation of a restricted zone into a protection zone and a surveillance zone, and controls movement between these zones.

It provides for surveillance for bluetongue (article 17) and prohibits vaccination against bluetongue without the consent of the Secretary of State (article 18).

Part 3 makes provision for enforcement.

It is enforced by the local authority.

Failure to comply with this Order is an offence under section 73 of the Animal Health Act 1981.

An Impact Assessment has not been prepared for this Order.

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