Title, commencement and application

1

(1)    These Regulations may be cited as the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2004 and shall apply in relation to England only.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (3) below these Regulations shall come into force on 5th April 2004.

(3)    Regulations 5, 8(2), 11(a) and 12(2) shall come into force on 1st July 2004.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see para (2) above.

Amendments to the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999

2

Amendments to the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 19992

The Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999 shall be amended insofar as they apply to England in accordance with regulations 3 to 14.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

3

3

(1)    In regulation 2 paragraph (1) after the definition of “the Agency” there shall be inserted the following definition—

““authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique” means—

(a)    a treatment with ozone-enriched air authorised and carried out in accordance with Schedule 5; or

(b)    in the case of water brought into England from other parts of the United Kingdom or from another EEA State a treatment which complies with Article 5 of Directive 2003/40 as implemented in that part of the United Kingdom or that EEA State.”.

(2)    In regulation 2 paragraph (1) after the definition of “Directive 98/83” there shall be inserted—

““Directive 2003/40” means Commission Directive 2003/40/EC establishing the list, concentration limits and labelling requirements for the constituents of natural mineral waters and the conditions for using ozone-enriched air for the treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

4

4

In regulation 7 paragraph (1) for sub-paragraph (a) there shall be substituted—

“(a)    any treatment other than—

(i)    an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique;

(ii)    a treatment referred to in sub-paragraph (a) or (d) of Article 4.1; or”

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

5

5

After regulation 7 there shall be inserted—

“7A

(1)    No person shall bottle any natural mineral water which, at the time of bottling, contains any substance listed in Schedule 6 at a level which exceeds the maximum limit specified in relation to that substance in that Schedule.

(2)    No person shall sell any natural mineral water bottled in contravention of paragraph (1).

(3)    The methods used for detection of the substances listed in Schedule 6 shall conform to the performance characteristics for analysis specified in Schedule 7.

(4)    For the purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2) above, where—

(a)

(i)    the water concerned exceeds the maximum limits specified in Schedule 6,

(ii)    the water concerned was bottled in another EEA State,

(iii)    the EEA State concerned had not, at the time of bottling, implemented Article 2(1) of Directive 2003/40, and

(iv)    the water was bottled prior to 1st January 2006 and at the date of bottling otherwise complied with Directives 80/777, 98/83 and the provisions of Directive 2003/40 which were in force in that EEA State; or

(b)

(i)    the water concerned exceeds the maximum limits specified in Schedule 6 relating to nickel and fluoride,

(ii)    the water concerned was bottled in another EEA State,

(iii)    the EEA State concerned had not, at the time of bottling, implemented Article 2(1) of Directive 2003/40 insofar as it relates to maximum limits for nickel and fluoride, and

(iv)    the water was bottled prior to 1st January 2008 and at the date of bottling otherwise complied with Directives 80/777, 98/83 and the provisions of Directive 2003/40 which were in force in that EEA State,

that water shall be deemed not to exceed the maximum limits specified in Schedule 6.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 1 July 2004: see reg 1(3).

6

6

After regulation 9 there shall be inserted—

“9A

No person shall bottle any natural mineral water, or sell natural mineral water which is bottled, if it has been treated with ozone-enriched air unless that treatment is an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

7

7

For regulation 10 paragraph (3) there shall be substituted—

“(3)    Natural mineral water shall be bottled in a bottle marked or labelled with—

(a)    where it has undergone the treatment of total or partial elimination of free carbon dioxide by exclusively physical methods, the indication “fully de-carbonated” or “partially de-carbonated” as appropriate;

(b)    where it has undergone an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique, the words “water subjected to an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique”, which shall appear in proximity to the analytical composition of characteristic constituents;

(c)    where its fluoride concentration exceeds 1.5 mg/l—

(i)    the words “contains more than 1.5 mg/l of fluoride not suitable for regular consumption by infants and children under 7 years of age”, which shall appear in proximity to the trade name and in clearly visible characters,

(ii)    the actual fluoride content in relation to the physico-chemical composition, which shall be included within the mandatory information referred to in paragraph (4) below; and

(d)    the mandatory information referred to in paragraph (4) below.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

8

8

(1)    In regulation 10(5)(b), after “has undergone any of the treatments referred to in paragraph (3)(a)” there shall be inserted the words “or (b)”.

(2)    In regulation 10(5)(c) the word “or” shall be omitted, and at the end of sub-paragraph (d) there shall be added—

“or

(e)    does not bear the labelling indications set out in sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph (3) above where required by that sub-paragraph.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Para (1): Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

Para (2): Specified date: 1 July 2004: see reg 1(3).

9

9

In regulation 11(1) at the end of sub-paragraph (d) the word “and” shall be omitted and at the end of sub-paragraph (e) the following shall be inserted—

“and

(f)    where the water has undergone an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique, the bottle is marked or labelled with the words “water subjected to an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique” which shall appear in proximity to the particulars in paragraph (3) of this regulation.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

10

10

After regulation 11 there shall be inserted—

“11A

No person shall cause any water to be bottled in a bottle marked or labelled with the description spring water, or sell any bottled water which is described as spring water, if it has been treated with ozone-enriched air unless that treatment is an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

11

11

In regulation 17—

(a)    after the number “7,” there shall be inserted “7A(1) or (2),”;

(b)    after the number “9,” there shall be inserted “9A,”;

(c)    after “11(1), (2), (3) or (5),” there shall be inserted “11A,”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Paras (b), (c): Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

Para (a): Specified date: 1 July 2004: see reg 1(3).

12

12

(1)    In regulation 18, after paragraph (3) there shall be added the following—

“(4)    In any proceedings for an offence for contravening regulation 9A, 10(3)(b), 11(1)(f) or 11A it shall be a defence for the accused to prove that—

(a)    the water in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been committed was bottled and marked or labelled before 1st July 2004; and

(b)    the matters constituting the alleged offence would not have constituted an offence under these Regulations as they stood immediately before the coming into force of the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2004.”.

(2)    In regulation 18, after the paragraph (4) inserted by paragraph (1) above there shall be added the following—

“(5)    In any proceedings for an offence for contravening regulations 7A or 10(5)(e) it shall be a defence for the accused to prove that—

(a)    the water in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been committed was bottled and marked or labelled as the case may be, before 1st July 2004; and

(b)    the matters constituting the alleged offence would not have constituted an offence under these Regulations as they stood immediately before the coming into force of the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2004.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Para (1): Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

Para (2): Specified date: 1 July 2004: see reg 1(3).

13

13

(1)    In Schedule 1 Part I paragraph 2, sub-paragraph (c), for the words following “contains no substance” there shall be substituted the words—

“listed in Schedule 6 at a level which exceeds the maximum limit specified in relation to that substance in that Schedule.”.

(2)    In Schedule 1 Part II paragraph 2, sub-paragraph (c), for the words following “contains no substance” there shall be substituted the words—

“listed in Schedule 6 at a level which exceeds the maximum limit specified in relation to that substance in that Schedule.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

14

14

After Schedule 4 there shall be added Schedules 5, 6 and 7 contained in the Schedule to these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

Consequential amendments

15

Consequential amendments15

(1)    In Schedule 1 to the Food Safety (Sampling and Qualifications) Regulations 1990 (provisions to which those Regulations do not apply) the reference in the second column, opposite to the reference in the first column to the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999 shall be amended insofar as it applies to England so as to read “SI 1999/1540 as amended by SI 2000/656, SI 2003/666 and SI 2004/656”.

(2)    In the Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 in paragraph (1) of regulation 2 (interpretation), in the definition of “water”, after the words “as amended by the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2003” there shall be inserted the words “and the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2004”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

Food & Drugs97 Consumer Law97

Signature

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Health

Melanie Johnson

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State,

Department of Health

8th March 2004

SCHEDULE Schedules 5, 6 and 7 to be Added to the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999

SCHEDULE  Schedules 5, 6 and 7 to be Added to the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999 Regulation 14“SCHEDULE 5
Conditions for Treatment of Natural Mineral Waters and Spring Waters with Ozone-Enriched Air Regulation 21

Treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters with ozone-enriched air shall only be carried out if—

(a)    it is for the purpose of separating compounds of iron, manganese, sulphur and arsenic from water in which they occur naturally at source;

(b)    prior to treatment the water satisfies regulation 8 of these regulations;

(c)    the treatment does not have a disinfectant action.

2

Treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters with ozone-enriched air shall not—

(a)    modify the physico-chemical composition of the water in terms of its characteristic constituents;

(b)    leave residues in the water which could pose a risk to public health, or, in the case of the substances listed below, above the levels specified:

Treatment residueMaximum limit (mg/l)
Dissolved ozone50
Bromate3
Bromoforms1
3

A person seeking to have a process of treatment with ozone-enriched air authorised shall—

(a)    make application in writing to the relevant authority within whose area the water is extracted;

(b)    permit representatives of that authority to examine the proposed method of treatment, and place of treatment, and take samples for analysis in accordance with regulation 14;

(c)    provide such information in support of the application as is requested by the relevant authority.

4

The relevant authority shall assess the application and any information in its possession and shall authorise the treatment process, if it is satisfied that—

(a)    the treatment process is justified by the composition of the water at source;

(b)    the person carrying out the treatment is taking all necessary measures to ensure that the treatment is effective and safe;

(c)    the treatment process otherwise complies with paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Schedule.

5

(a)    Where the relevant authority decides to authorise a treatment process pursuant to paragraph 4 above, it shall inform the operator of the treatment process in writing, and state the date on which the authorisation for commercial use of the process begins.

(b)    Where the relevant authority refuses to authorise a treatment process pursuant to paragraph 4 above, it shall inform the operator of the treatment process in writing, stating its reasons.

6

Where a treatment process has been authorised pursuant to paragraph 4 above, the person carrying out the treatment process must continue to allow periodic examination of the treatment process by the relevant authority by the methods in paragraph 3(b) and (c), for the purpose of assessing whether the conditions in paragraph 4(a) and (b) continue to be satisfied.

7

If the relevant authority is satisfied that the conditions in paragraph 4 above are no longer fulfilled, it may withdraw its authorisation of a treatment process by giving the person operating that process a written notice stating the grounds for withdrawal.

8

(a)    Where the relevant authority decides either not to grant or to withdraw authorisation of a treatment process under paragraph 5(b) or paragraph 7 above, the person who wishes to carry out the treatment process may apply to the Agency for a review of that decision.

(b)    Upon receiving the application for review the Agency shall make such inquiry into the matter as may seem to the Agency to be appropriate, and having considered the results of that enquiry and any relevant facts elicited by it, shall either confirm the decision or direct the relevant authority to grant or restore, as appropriate, authorisation of the treatment process in operation. In the case of such a direction the relevant authority shall thereupon comply with the said direction.

SCHEDULE 6
Maximum Limits for Constituents of Natural Mineral Waters Regulation 7A
ConstituentsMaximum limits (mg/l)
Antimony0.0050
Arsenic0.010 (as total)
Barium1.0
Cadmium0.003
Chromium0.050
Copper1.0
Cyanide0.070
Fluoride5.0
Lead0.010
Manganese0.50
Mercury0.0010
Nickel0.020
Nitrate50
Nitrite0.1
Selenium0.010
Notes:1

The constituents described above refer to constituents naturally present in the water at source and not to substances present as the result of contamination.

SCHEDULE 7
Performance Characteristics for Analysing the Constituents in Schedule 6 Regulation 7A
ConstituentAccuracy of parametric value in %Precision of parametric valueDetection limit of parametric value in %
Antimony252525
Arsenic101010
Barium252525
Cadmium101010
Chromium101010
Copper101010
Cyanide101010
Fluoride101010
Lead101010
Manganese101010
Mercury201020
Nickel101010
Nitrate101010
Nitrite101010
Selenium101010

Notes:

1

The method of analysis used to measure the concentration of the constituents in Schedule 6 shall be able to measure at least concentrations equal to the parametric value with the specified accuracy, precision and detection limits.

2

Regardless of the sensitivity of the method of analysis, the result must be expressed to the same number of decimal places as the maximum limit set out in Schedule 6 for the particular constituent being analysed.

3

Accuracy is the systematic error and represents the difference between the average value of a large number of repeated measurements and the exact value.

4

Precision represents the random error and is expressed in general as the standard deviation (within a batch and between batches) of a sample of results from the average.

5

Acceptable precision is equal to twice the relative standard deviation.

6

The detection limit is either—

(a)    three times the relative standard deviation within a batch of a natural sample containing a low concentration of the constituent; or

(b)    five times the relative standard deviation within a batch of a virgin sample.

7

The method used to detect cyanide must be such that it is possible to determine total cyanide in all its forms.”

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 5 April 2004: see reg 1(2).

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations, which apply to England only, implement Commission Directive 2003/40 establishing the list, concentration limits and labelling requirements for the constituents of natural mineral waters and the conditions for using ozone-enriched air for the treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters. They amend the Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water Regulations 1999.

The Regulations—

(a)    prescribe a definition of authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique (regulation 3 and the Schedule);

(b)    allow, for the first time, treatment of natural mineral waters with an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique (regulation 4);

(c)    set maximum limits for certain naturally-occurring substances in natural mineral water and standards for methods used to detect these substances (regulation 5 and the Schedule);

(d)    provide for a defence for products produced in other EEA States which do not yet conform to the limits, where the EEA State concerned has not yet implemented those limits and the deadline for implementation has not yet passed (regulation 5);

(e)    prohibit the treatment of natural mineral water with unauthorised ozone-enriched air oxidation techniques (regulation 6);

(f)    provide for an appropriate form of labelling indication on natural mineral water where it has undergone an authorised treatment with ozone-enriched air or where it contains a high level of fluoride (regulation 7);

(g)    prohibit the sale of natural mineral water without the applicable labelling indications (which will become an offence by virtue of the operation of regulation 17 of the principal Regulations the penalty for which is specified by regulation 17 of the principal Regulations as being a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale) (regulation 8);

(h)    provide for an appropriate labelling indication where a spring water has undergone an authorised ozone-enriched air oxidation technique and prohibit its sale without that labelling indication (which will become an offence by virtue of the operation of regulation 11(5) of the principal Regulations, the penalty for which is specified by regulation 17 of the principal Regulations as being a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale) (regulation 9);

(i)    prohibit bottling or sale of water described as spring water if treated with an unauthorised ozone-enriched air oxidation treatment (regulation 10);

(j)    create offences in relation to the prohibitions mentioned in paragraphs (c), (e) and (i) above (subject to penalties provided for in the principal Regulations as being a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale) (regulation 11);

(k)    introduce a transitional defence to allow the use of stock products bottled and labelled before 1st July 2004, where the product would otherwise be legal under existing law (regulation 12);

(l)    provide that the maximum limits in the new Schedule 6 to be added to the principal Regulations shall be the relevant limits for recognition of a natural mineral water, replacing the limits in Schedule 3 to the principal Regulations for this purpose (regulation 13);

(m)    insert a new Schedule 5 into the principal Regulations, which sets down—

(i)    conditions to be satisfied before an ozone-enriched air oxidation technique can be authorised;

(ii)    a process for obtaining a written authorisation for a treatment from a district council or London Borough;

(iii)    a requirement to allow officers of the relevant authority to conduct periodic examinations of the process in order to check that the treatment continues to be necessary and is effective and safe;

(iv)    the ability of an authority to withdraw authorisation by means of a written notice if conditions are not observed;

(v)    a mechanism for applying to the Food Standards Agency for review of an authority's decision not to grant or to withdraw authorisation (regulation14, Schedule);

(n)    insert a new Schedule 6 into the principal Regulations, setting down maximum limits for certain naturally-occurring substances in natural mineral water (regulation 14, Schedule);

(o)    insert a new Schedule 7 containing standards for scientific methods used to detect the substances specified in Schedule 6 (regulation 14, Schedule);

(p)    make consequential amendments to the Food Safety (Sampling and Qualification) Regulations 1990 and the Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 to bring up to date references to the principal Regulations (regulation 15).

A full Regulatory Impact Assessment has been prepared and placed in the Library of each House of Parliament, together with a Transposition Note setting out how the main elements of the European legislation referred to above are transposed in these Regulations. Copies may be obtained from the Food Labelling and Standards Division of the Food Standards Agency, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH.

Food & Drugs95 Consumer Law95