1 Title, extent and commencement

These Regulations may be cited as the Seed (Registration, Licensing and Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2002, shall apply in England and shall come into force on 31st January 2003.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see above.

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2 General interpretation

2General interpretation

(1)    In these Regulations—

“the Act” means the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964;

“analyst in charge” and “seed analyst” have the meaning given in regulation 27(1);

“authorised officer” means an officer authorised by the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development for the purposes of these Regulations;

“the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development” means the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development in Northern Ireland;

“LSTS” means a laboratory in respect of which a licence has been granted pursuant to regulation 25;

“official measures” includes—

(a)    matters connected with the registration of a person who may engage in a seed industry activity under Part II of these Regulations;

(b)    matters connected with the training, examination and licensing of crop inspectors under Part III of these Regulations;

(c)    matters connected with the training, examination and licensing of seed samplers under Part IV of these Regulations; and

(d)    matters connected with the licensing of seed testing stations and the training and examination of seed analysts and Analysts in Charge under Part V of these Regulations;

“prescribed minimum weight”, in relation to a submitted sample, means the minimum weight of such a sample as prescribed in Schedule 7 of the appropriate Seed Marketing Regulations;

“registered person” means a person registered pursuant to regulation 5 as a person who may engage in a seed industry activity;

“the Secretary of State” means the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs;

“seed” means seed of any species to which Seed Marketing Regulations apply;

“seed industry activity” means any of the following—

(a)    the marketing of seed other than the marketing—

(i)    of small packages of seed, small EC packages of seed, small EC A packages of seed, or small EC B packages of seed (as defined in each case in the Seed Marketing Regulations);

(ii)    of unpacketed seed;

(iii)    by a producer of small quantities of seed for scientific purposes or selection work in compliance with an authorisation referred to in that connection in the Seed Marketing Regulations which would permit the marketing of such seed under those Regulations;

(iv)    by a producer of seed for test and trial purposes in compliance with an authorisation referred to in that connection in the Seed Marketing Regulations (where applicable) which would permit the marketing of such seed under those Regulations;

(v)    by or on behalf of a breeder of seed for market testing in compliance with an authorisation referred to in that connection in the Vegetable Seed (England) Regulations 2002 which would permit the marketing of such seed under those Regulations; or

(vi)    of seed, as grown, for processing provided the identity of the seed is ensured;

(b)    the packing, sealing or labelling of seed (including the labelling or marking of standard seed of vegetables) except small packages of seed, small EC packages of seed, small EC A packages of seed, or small EC B packages of seed (as defined in each case in the Seed Marketing Regulations);

(c)    the re-packing, re-sealing or re-labelling of seed;

(d)    the preparation of mixtures of seeds permitted by the Seed Marketing Regulations; and

(e)    the cleaning, treating or other processing of seed intended for marketing;

“the Seed Marketing Directives” means—

(a)    Council Directive 2002/54/EC on the marketing of beet seed;

(b)    Council Directive 66/402/EEC on the marketing of cereal seed, as last amended by Council Directive 2001/64/EC;

(c)    Council Directive 66/401/EEC on the marketing of fodder plant seed, as last amended by Council Directive 2001/64/EC;

(d)    Council Directive 2002/57/EC on the marketing of oil and fibre plant seed as last amended by Council Directive 2002/68/EC; and

(e)    Council Directive 2002/55/EC on the marketing of vegetable seed;

“the Seed Marketing Regulations” means—

(a)    in relation to beet seed, the Beet Seed (England) Regulations 2002;

(b)    in relation to cereal seed, the Cereal Seed (England) Regulations 2002;

(c)    in relation to fodder plant seed, the Fodder Plant Seed (England) Regulations 2002;

(d)    in relation to oil and fibre plant seed, the Oil and Fibre Plant Seed (England) Regulations 2002; and

(e)    in relation to vegetable seed, the Vegetable Seed (England) Regulations 2002; and

“statutory seed testing” means seed testing carried out for the purposes of the Seed Marketing Regulations.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (3), in these Regulations “marketing” means—

(a)    selling, holding with a view to sale and offering for sale, and

(b)    any disposal, supply or transfer for the purpose of commercial exploitation of seed to third parties,

whether or not for consideration, and “market” and “marketed” shall be construed accordingly.

(3)    Trade in seed not aimed at commercial exploitation of the variety, such as the following operations—

(a)    the supply of seed to official testing and inspection bodies, and

(b)    the supply of seed to a person who provides processing or packaging services but who does not thereby acquire title to the seed supplied,

shall not be regarded as marketing of seed of that variety.

(4)    All applications, statements of commitment, representations, notices and requests to which these Regulations apply shall be made in writing.

(5)    “Writing” in paragraph (4) shall include an electronic communication within the meaning of the Electronic Communications Act 2000 provided that—

(a)    any document of the type referred to in paragraph (4) shall only be sent to the Secretary of State by an electronic communication if the Secretary of State has represented that electronic communication is a means by which persons can send such a document to her, and

(b)    notifications required to be made by the Secretary of State to any person shall only be made by an electronic communication if the intended recipient has himself used the same form of electronic communication in communicating with the Secretary of State pursuant to any provision of these Regulations or has otherwise represented that that form of electronic communication is a means by which the Secretary of State can communicate with him.

(6)    Expressions in these Regulations which are not defined in the preceding paragraphs of this regulation and which appear in the Seed Marketing Regulations have the same meaning in these Regulations as they have in those Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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3 Obligation to be registered

PartIIRegistration of Persons Engaged in Seed Industry Activities 3Obligation to be registered

No person shall engage in a seed industry activity unless he is registered by the Secretary of State as a person who may engage in that activity.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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4 Applications for registration

4Applications for registration

(1)    A person may apply to the Secretary of State to be registered as a person who may engage in a seed industry activity.

(2)    An application made under paragraph (1) may relate to all seed industry activities or to any one or more of them and shall—

(a)    be made in such form and manner as the Secretary of State may require; and

(b)    be accompanied by such information relating to the applicant's proposed business and such other information as the Secretary of State may reasonably require for the purpose of determining whether the applicant is a suitable person to be registered as a person who may engage in the seed industry activity to which his application relates.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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5 Registrations

5Registrations

(1)    Where an application is made under regulation 4 the Secretary of State shall, after carrying out such investigations and inspections as she may think fit, register the applicant as a person who may engage in the seed industry activity to which his application relates if she is satisfied that the applicant is a suitable person to engage in such activity.

(2)    In deciding whether an applicant is a suitable person to engage in the seed industry activity to which his application relates the Secretary of State may take into account the matters specified in Part I of Schedule 1.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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6 Conditions to be complied with by registered persons

6Conditions to be complied with by registered persons

A registration granted under regulation 5 may be subject to any of the conditions specified in Part II of Schedule 1 and such other conditions as the Secretary of State may think necessary or desirable.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

7 Termination of registrations

7Termination of registrations

If a registered person requests the Secretary of State to terminate his registration in respect of any or all of the seed industry activities that he is registered as being entitled to engage in the Secretary of State shall comply with the request.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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8 Revocation of registrations

8Revocation of registrations

Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may revoke a person's registration relating to his entitlement to engage in a seed industry activity if—

(a)    she is satisfied that the person is not complying with any of the conditions to which his registration is subject;

(b)    she is satisfied that there is no longer available to the person such premises, machinery, equipment, facilities or personnel and services as are necessary to enable him to engage in the seed industry activity;

(c)    the person has been found guilty of committing any offence under section 16(7) of the Act; or

(d)    she is otherwise no longer satisfied that the person is a suitable person to engage in the seed industry activity.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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9 List

9List

The Secretary of State—

(a)    shall keep a list containing the names and addresses of registered persons who may engage in a seed industry activity specifying, in the case of each registered person, the seed industry activity in respect of which they are registered;

(b)    shall make the list available for inspection by any person at any reasonable time; and

(c)    may from time to time publish the list in such manner as she thinks appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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10 Applications for licences

PartIIILicensed Crop Inspectors 10Applications for licences

(1)    An individual may apply to the Secretary of State for a licence authorising him to inspect crops grown to produce seed of any one or more of the species and categories listed in Part I of Schedule 2.

(2)    An application made under paragraph (1) shall be in such form and manner as the Secretary of State may require and be accompanied by such information as the Secretary of State may reasonably require.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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11 Licences

11Licences

(1)    Where an application is made under regulation 10(1) the Secretary of State shall grant the applicant a licence authorising him to inspect crops of the species and category to which his application relates if she is satisfied that the applicant has—

(a)    completed an appropriate training course relating to the inspection of seed crops of that species and category;

(b)    passed an examination relating to the inspection of seed crops of that species and category organised by or on behalf of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development; and

(c)    signed a statement of commitment to carry out his functions in accordance with such instructions as may from time to time be issued by or on behalf of the Secretary of State.

(2)    A licence granted under paragraph (1)—

(a)    shall specify which of the functions listed in Part II of Schedule 2 are covered by the licence; and

(b)    may impose any of the conditions listed in Part III of Schedule 2 and such other conditions as the Secretary of State may think necessary or desirable having regard to the species and category of crops that may be inspected by the licence holder.

(3)    A licensed crop inspector who is employed by a person who is engaged in a seed industry activity shall carry out crop inspections only on crops grown by or on behalf of his employer unless otherwise agreed between his employer, the applicant for certification and by the Secretary of State.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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12 Variation of licences

12Variation of licences

(1)    A crop inspector may apply to the Secretary of State for his licence to be varied so as to authorise him to inspect crops being grown to produce seed of another species and category listed in Part I of Schedule 2 in addition to the species and category specified in his licence or instead of such species and category.

(2)    Where an application is made under paragraph (1) it shall be treated as though it had been made under regulation 10(1) and the Secretary of State may vary a crop inspector's licence so as to authorise him to inspect crops of the species and category to which his application relates if she is satisfied that the applicant has satisfied the requirements of regulation 11(1).

(3)    In varying a licence under paragraph (2) the Secretary of State may vary the functions of the crop inspector specified in his licence and the conditions imposed by his licence.

(4)    Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may vary a crop inspector's licence whether or not she has received any application under this regulation by—

(a)    removing his authorisation to inspect a species and category of crop if she is satisfied that the crop inspector is no longer qualified to inspect crops of that species and category or that his authorisation to inspect such crops is otherwise no longer appropriate; or

(b)    varying the functions or the conditions set out in the licence.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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13 Termination of licences

13Termination of licences

If a licensed crop inspector requests the Secretary of State to terminate his licence the Secretary of State shall comply with the request.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

14 Suspension and revocation of licences

14Suspension and revocation of licences

Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may suspend or revoke a licensed crop inspector's licence if she is satisfied that the licence holder—

(a)    is no longer qualified to inspect crops of the species and category to which his licence relates or is otherwise unfit to perform any of the functions of a licensed crop inspector specified in the licence, or

(b)    has failed to comply with any of the conditions imposed on him by the licence.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

15 List

15List

The Secretary of State—

(a)    shall keep a list of the names and addresses of licensed crop inspectors and shall specify in the case of each crop inspector the species and category of crops which he is licensed to inspect;

(b)    shall make the list available for inspection by any person at any reasonable time; and

(c)    may from time to time publish the list in such manner as she thinks appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

16 Fees

16Fees

A licensed crop inspector may charge reasonable fees for carrying out his functions as a licensed crop inspector but shall not derive any private gain in connection with the carrying out of such functions.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

17 Applications for licences

PartIVLicensed Seed Samplers 17Applications for licences

(1)    An individual may apply to the Secretary of State for a licence authorising him to take samples of seed of the species specified in Part I of Schedule 3 for the purposes of the Seed Marketing Regulations.

(2)    An application made under paragraph (1) shall be made in such form and manner as the Secretary of State may require and shall be accompanied by such information as the Secretary of State may reasonably require.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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18 Licences

18Licences

(1)    Where an application is made under regulation 17 the Secretary of State shall grant the applicant a seed sampler's licence if—

(a)    she is satisfied that the applicant has undertaken a training course on seed sampling organised by or on behalf of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development; and

(b)    the applicant, having completed such a course, has passed an examination on seed sampling organised by or on behalf of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

(2)    A licence granted under paragraph (1)—

(a)    shall specify which of the functions listed in Part II of Schedule 3 are covered by the licence and may in addition specify any other functions which the Secretary of State thinks necessary or desirable; and

(b)    may impose any of the conditions listed in Part III of Schedule 3 and such other conditions as the Secretary of State may think necessary or desirable.

(3)    A licensed seed sampler who is employed by a person who is engaged in a seed industry activity shall only sample seed lots produced by or on behalf of his employer unless otherwise agreed between his employer, the applicant for certification and by the Secretary of State.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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19 Variation of licences

19Variation of licences

Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may vary a seed sampler's licence as she thinks fit.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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20 Termination of licences

20Termination of licences

If a seed sampler requests the Secretary of State to terminate his licence the Secretary of State shall comply with the request.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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21 Suspension and revocation of licences

21Suspension and revocation of licences

Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may suspend or revoke a seed sampler's licence if she is satisfied that he—

(a)    is no longer qualified to sample seed or is otherwise unfit to perform any of the functions specified in his licence; or

(b)    is not carrying out the functions specified in his licence or complying with the conditions imposed on him by his licence.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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22 List

22List

The Secretary of State—

(a)    shall keep a list of the names and addresses of licensed seed samplers;

(b)    shall make the list available for inspection by any person at any reasonable time; and

(c)    may from time to time publish the list in such manner as she thinks appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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23 Fees

23Fees

A licensed seed sampler may charge reasonable fees for carrying out his functions as a licensed seed sampler but shall not derive any private gain in connection with the carrying out of such functions.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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24 Applications for licences

PartVLicensed Seed Testing Stations 24Applications for licences

(1)    A person may apply to the Secretary of State for an establishment to be licensed as a laboratory that may be used for carrying out statutory seed testing.

(2)    An application made under paragraph (1) may relate to any species of seed to which the Seed Marketing Regulations apply, except seed of a species to which the Vegetable Seed (England) Regulations 2002 apply.

(3)    An application made under paragraph (1) shall—

(a)    contain the name and address of the applicant and, where different, the person who shall be in charge of the laboratory (the “person in charge”);

(b)    be accompanied by details of the laboratory and species of seed in respect of which a licence is sought; and

(c)    contain such other information as the Secretary of State may reasonably require for the purpose of considering the matters to be taken into account in Part I of Schedule 4.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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25 Licences

25Licences

(1)    Where an application is made in accordance with regulation 24 the Secretary of State shall license the establishment to be used as a laboratory that may carry out statutory seed testing of the species specified in that application if she is satisfied that the laboratory is suitable having regard to the matters to be taken into account in Part I of Schedule 4.

(2)    A LSTS belonging to a registered person shall only carry out statutory seed testing on seed lots produced by or on behalf of that person unless otherwise agreed between the registered person, the applicant for certification and the Secretary of State.

(3)    The licence shall be subject to the conditions set out in Part II of Schedule 4 and such other conditions as the Secretary of State may think necessary or desirable having regard to the species of seed to be tested, the nature of the tests to be carried out and the procedure to be followed in connection with such tests.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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26 Variation of licences

26Variation of licences

(1)    The person in charge of a LSTS may apply to the Secretary of State for the licence held in respect of that LSTS to be varied so as to authorise its use as a laboratory that may carry out statutory seed testing on another species of seed in addition to the species specified in the licence or instead of such species.

(2)    Where an application is made under paragraph (1) the Secretary of State shall vary the licence so as to authorise the laboratory to which it relates to carry out statutory seed testing on the species of seed to which that application relates if she is satisfied that the laboratory is suitable, having regard to the matters to be taken into account in Part I of Schedule 4.

(3)    In varying a licence under paragraph (2) the Secretary of State may vary the conditions imposed by the licence.

(4)    Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may vary a LSTS licence whether or not she has received any application under this regulation—

(a)    by removing the authorisation relating to the statutory seed testing of a species of seed if she is satisfied that the LSTS is no longer suitable to carry out statutory seed tests in respect of that species or that the authorisation to test such seed is otherwise no longer appropriate; or

(b)    by varying the conditions imposed by a LSTS licence.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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27 Examinations

27Examinations

(1)    For the purposes of this Part and Schedule 4—

(a)    a seed analyst is a person who—

(i)    has completed a training course organised by, or on behalf of, the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development relating to seed testing in respect of seed of the species being tested, or to be tested, by him; and

(ii)    having completed such a course, has passed the relevant examination organised by, or on behalf of, the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development;

(b)    an Analyst in Charge is a person who, being also a seed analyst, has—

(i)    completed the training course and passed the examination required of a seed analyst in respect of seed of each of the species which may be tested at the LSTS for which he has, or is to have, responsibility; and

(ii)    passed an examination relating to laboratory management organised by, or on behalf of, the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers, the National Assembly for Wales or the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

(2)    The Secretary of State may from time to time require any seed analyst carrying out statutory seed testing at a LSTS or the Analyst in Charge of a LSTS to attend such further training courses and undergo such further examinations as she considers appropriate in order to maintain his knowledge and qualifications in respect of his functions at the LSTS.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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28 Duties of seed analysts in charge of LSTSs

28Duties of seed analysts in charge of LSTSs

A person acting as the Analyst in Charge of a LSTS shall—

(a)    have direct responsibility for the technical operations of the LSTS;

(b)    be in effective control of all the statutory seed testing carried out at the LSTS; and

(c)    exercise close supervision of the work of any seed analyst assisting him in connection with statutory seed testing carried out at the LSTS.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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29 Suspension and revocation of licences

29Suspension and revocation of licences

Subject to regulation 36, the Secretary of State may suspend or revoke a LSTS licence if it appears to her that—

(a)    there has been a breach of any conditions of the licence;

(b)    a person acting as a Analyst in Charge of a LSTS—

(i)    is no longer qualified to act as such,

(ii)    has failed to comply with the duties imposed on him by regulation 28, or

(iii)    is otherwise unfit to perform his duties; or

(c)    a seed analyst carrying out statutory seed testing at the LSTS is no longer qualified to do so.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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30 List

30List

The Secretary of State—

(a)    shall prepare a list of LSTSs and shall specify in the case of each LSTS the species of seed which it is licensed to test;

(b)    shall make the list available for inspection by any person at any reasonable time; and

(c)    may from time to time publish the list in such manner as she thinks appropriate.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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31 Fees

31Fees

(1)    The person in charge of a LSTS may charge reasonable fees for statutory seed testing carried out on seed at the LSTS but shall not derive any private gain from such tests.

(2)    The Secretary of State may charge the person in charge of a LSTS reasonable fees in respect of costs incurred by the Secretary of State in connection with the licensing and supervision of the LSTS and the statutory seed testing carried out there.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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32 Sampling for enforcement purposes

PartVIEnforcement of Seeds Regulations 32Sampling for enforcement purposes

(1)    A sample of seed taken for the enforcement of the Seed Marketing Regulations or these Regulations shall be taken and divided by an authorised officer in accordance with the requirements contained in Schedule 5 to provide three parts of which—

(a)    one part shall be delivered or sent to the owner of the seed or his representative; and

(b)    two parts shall be delivered or sent to an official seed testing station, one of which parts shall be officially examined for the purposes of the appropriate Seed Marketing Regulations and the other of which shall be retained by such person for production to a court in accordance with section 26(7) of the Act,

except that where it appears to the person taking the sample that the seed from which the sample has been taken was purchased for use and not for resale, the first part of the sample shall be delivered or sent to the last seller of the seed or to his representative instead of to the owner of the seed or his representative.

(2)    Where a part of a sample taken under this regulation has been officially examined for the purposes of the appropriate Seed Marketing Regulations, any residue from the sample may be used for such other tests as the Secretary of State may direct including for the purpose of the Community comparative tests referred to in the corresponding Seed Marketing Directives.

(3)    Subject to paragraph (4), the minimum weight of the sample of seed shall be such as to ensure that each of the parts into which it is divided is of not less than the prescribed minimum weight for the sample.

(4)    Where the seed from which a sample is to be taken for the enforcement of the Vegetable Seed (England) Regulations 2002 is contained in small packages, the sample shall consist of as many such packages as the person taking the sample may reasonably require.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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33 Certificates of taking and testing a sample

33Certificates of taking and testing a sample

(1)    A certificate in the form set out in Schedule 6 of the taking of a sample of seed for the enforcement of Seed Marketing Regulations is prescribed for the purposes of section 26(3) of the Act.

(2)    A certificate of the result of a test of a sample of seed carried out for the enforcement of the Seed Marketing Regulations is prescribed for the purposes of section 24(5) of the Act, in the form set out in Schedule 7 which corresponds with the species of seed tested.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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34 Arrangements for official measures

PartVIIMiscellaneous and Supplemental 34Arrangements for official measures

(1)    Subject to the following provisions of this regulation, the Secretary of State may make arrangements, in such form as she is of the opinion may be necessary or desirable, for the purpose of enabling any person to act under her responsibility or control to carry out official measures.

(2)    The Secretary of State shall not make arrangements under this regulation unless she is satisfied that it will make provision for the purpose of preventing the person with whom the arrangement is made, and any other person, from—

(a)    deriving any private gain from any official measures carried out under the arrangement; and

(b)    carrying out any official measures under the arrangement except under the supervision of the Secretary of State.

(3)    An arrangement under this regulation may include such conditions as the Secretary of State is of the opinion are necessary or desirable for the purposes referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2), including conditions—

(a)    specifying—

(i)    the official measures that the person with whom the arrangement is made shall carry out under it;

(ii)    the fees that may be charged by the person with whom the arrangement is made in relation to the official measures he carries out; and

(iii)    the records that must be kept by the person with whom the arrangement is made in connection with the official measures he carries out; and

(b)    prohibiting the person with whom the arrangement is made from—

(i)    carrying out the official measures except under official supervision; and

(ii)    charging fees in relation to official measures he carries out under the arrangement except to the extent that these do not exceed the costs he incurs in carrying them out.

(4)    The Secretary of State may vary, suspend or revoke an arrangement or the conditions of an arrangement made under this regulation, by giving notice to the person with whom the arrangement is made.

(5)    A notice of a variation, suspension or revocation of any arrangement or of a condition of an arrangement shall specify—

(a)    in respect of a variation or a revocation, a date on and after which the variation or revocation shall have effect, and

(b)    in respect of a suspension, a period during which the suspension shall have effect,

and the variation, suspension or revocation shall have effect in accordance with the notice.

(6)    When a variation, suspension or revocation has effect the Secretary of State may, for any purposes in relation to these Regulations or a determination under these Regulations, continue to have regard to such of the official measures carried out under an arrangement which was varied, suspended or revoked as appear to her to be official measures carried out in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

35 Fees

35Fees

(1)    The Secretary of State may charge any person, including any person with whom an arrangement has been made under regulation 34, reasonable fees in respect of the costs the Secretary of State reasonably incurs in carrying out official measures for the purposes of these Regulations.

(2)    A person with whom an arrangement has been made in accordance with regulation 34, may charge any other person reasonable fees in respect of costs reasonably incurred in carrying out official measures under the responsibility or control of the Secretary of State in accordance with these Regulations.

(3)    Where a person has been given notice—

(a)    by or on behalf of the Secretary of State of a fee duly charged in accordance with paragraph (1); or

(b)    by a person with whom an arrangement has been made under regulation 34 of a fee duly charged in accordance with paragraph (2),

the person given the notice shall pay as specified in the notice the amount of the fee so charged.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

36 Right to make representations

36Right to make representations

(1)    The Secretary of State shall not—

(a)    refuse to register a person as a person who may engage in a seed industry activity;

(b)    revoke the registration of a person as a person who may engage in a seed industry activity;

(c)    refuse to grant or vary a crop inspector's licence;

(d)    vary a crop inspector's licence pursuant to regulation 12(4);

(e)    suspend or revoke a licensed crop inspector's licence;

(f)    refuse to grant a seed sampler's licence;

(g)    vary a licensed seed sampler's licence;

(h)    suspend or revoke a licensed seed sampler's licence;

(i)    refuse to grant or vary a LSTS licence;

(j)    vary a LSTS licence pursuant to regulation 26(4); or

(k)    suspend or revoke a LSTS licence;

unless she has complied with the provisions of this regulation.

(2)    The Secretary of State shall—

(a)    give the person concerned notice stating what she is proposing to do and the reasons for it; and

(b)    inform the person concerned of his right to make representations to her and of the manner in which and the time (not being less than 21 days from the giving of the notice) within which such representations may be made.

(3)    In this regulation, the person concerned in the case of any notice served in connection with a LSTS shall be the person in charge of the LSTS.

(4)    Subject to paragraph (5), the Secretary of State shall not proceed with her proposed refusal, variation, suspension or revocation (as the case may be) until the period allowed for making representations has passed.

(5)    Where the Secretary of State considers it necessary to suspend a crop inspector's licence, a seed sampler's licence or a LSTS licence, with immediate effect, she may do so notwithstanding the right of the person concerned to make representations and when she gives notice of her decision under paragraph (7) she shall—

(a)    indicate whether the suspension should for the time being remain in force; or

(b)    withdraw the suspension of the licence.

(6)    A person who makes representations to the Secretary of State shall provide the Secretary of State with a copy of any document upon which that person seeks to rely within the time allowed for the making of such representations.

(7)    The Secretary of State shall consider any representations made to her under this regulation before giving the person concerned notice of her decision together with the reasons for it and, where appropriate, of the date from which the decision shall have effect.

(8)    A notice under paragraph (7) shall where applicable inform the person concerned of—

(a)    his right to appeal to the Tribunal against the Secretary of State's decision; and

(b)    the time within which such an appeal may be brought.

(9)    There shall be no right of appeal to the Tribunal where the Secretary of State—

(a)    has refused to grant a crop inspector's licence or a seed sampler's licence for the sole reason that he failed to pass the relevant examination for the grant of the licence;

(b)    has refused to vary a crop inspector's licence for the sole reason that he failed to pass the relevant examination for the variation of the licence; or

(c)    has decided that a licensed crop inspector or licensed seed sampler is no longer qualified to inspect crops or sample seed (as the case may be) and has—

(i)    in the case of a crop inspector varied, suspended or revoked his licence, or

(ii)    in the case of a licensed seed sampler suspended or revoked his licence,

for the sole reason that he failed to pass an examination which he was required to undergo as a condition of his licence.

(10)    The Secretary of State may charge any person making representations under this regulation reasonable fees in that connection which shall be payable on making the representations to her.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

Seeds96 Plant Breeders & Varieties96 Intellectual Property Law96

37 Appeals

37Appeals

(1)    A person notified of his right to appeal under regulation 36(8) may bring an appeal to the Tribunal.

(2)    The Secretary of State shall take such steps as may be necessary to give effect to any decision of the Tribunal given on the final determination of an appeal under paragraph (1).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

38 Extension of time

38Extension of time

Where any document is to be delivered or given or any act is to be done in a time prescribed by these Regulations the Secretary of State may, if in all the circumstances of the case she considers it reasonable, extend the time for such period and upon such terms as she thinks fit.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

39 Form of records

39Form of records

Any record required to be kept under these Regulations may be in written or electronic form and shall be kept for at least three years.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

40 Form of lists

40Form of lists

Any list required to be kept by the Secretary of State under these Regulations may be in written or electronic form.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

41 Service of notices

41Service of notices

(1)    Any notice required by virtue of these Regulations to be given to any person by the Secretary of State may be given by her—

(a)    by delivering it to him or by leaving it at his proper address or by sending it by post to him at that address;

(b)    if the person is a body corporate other than a limited liability partnership, by giving it in accordance with paragraph (a) on the secretary of the body;

(c)    if the person is a limited liability partnership, by giving it in accordance with paragraph (a) on a member of the partnership; or

(d)    if the person is a partnership, by giving it in accordance with paragraph (a) on a partner or a person having control of the management of the partnership business.

(2)    For the purposes of this regulation and section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978 (service of documents by post) in its application to this regulation, the proper address of any person to whom a notice is to be given shall be his last known address, except that—

(a)    in the case of a body corporate (other than a limited liability partnership) or its secretary, it shall be the address of the registered or principal office of the body;

(b)    in the case of a limited liability partnership or a member of the partnership, it shall be the address of the registered or principal office of the partnership; and

(c)    in the case of a partnership or a partner or a person having the control or management of a partnership business, it shall be the address of the principal office of the partnership.

(3)    Paragraph (4) applies if a person to be given a notice under these Regulations by the Secretary of State has specified to her an address within the United Kingdom other than his proper address (as determined under paragraph (2)) as the one at which he or someone on his behalf will accept notices of that description.

(4)    In relation to that notice, that address shall be treated as his proper address for the purposes of this regulation and section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978 in its application to this regulation, instead of that determined under paragraph (2).

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

Seeds98 Partnership & Limited Partnership93 Company Law & Business Entities93 Intellectual Property Law98 Plant Breeders & Varieties98 Limited Liability Partnerships93

42 Revocations, transitional and savings provisions

42Revocations, transitional and savings provisions

(1)    Subject to the following provisions of this regulation, the following Regulations are revoked—

(a)    the Seeds (Registration, Licensing and Enforcement) Regulations 1985 (“the 1985 Regulations”) as respects England; and

(b)    the Seed (Fees) Regulations 1985 (“the 1985 Fees Regulations”) in relation to matters arising under the 1985 Regulations as respects England.

(2)    The revocations in paragraph (1) shall not apply in relation to seed harvested on or before 31st December 2002 until 1st July 2003; and the remaining provisions of this regulation shall have effect only in relation to anything done under the 1985 Regulations or the 1985 Fees Regulations as respects England.

(3)    Any application made to the Secretary of State in accordance with regulation 4(2) of the 1985 Regulations but not determined at the coming into force of these Regulations shall be treated as an application referred to in regulation 4(1) of these Regulations and shall be determined in accordance with these Regulations.

(4)    Any registration made pursuant to regulation 4(3) of the 1985 Regulations and having effect at the coming into force of these Regulations shall have effect as though it were a registration made pursuant to regulation 5 of these Regulations.

(5)    Subject to paragraph (6)—

(a)    any licence granted to a seed testing station pursuant to regulation 9(1) of the 1985 Regulations and having effect at the coming into force of these Regulations shall have effect as though it were a licence granted pursuant to regulation 25 of these Regulations; and

(b)    any licence granted to a crop inspector or seed sampler pursuant to regulation 10(1) of the 1985 Regulations and having effect at the coming into force of these Regulations shall have effect as though it were a licence granted pursuant to regulation 11 of these Regulations in the case of a crop inspector and regulation 18 of these Regulations in the case of a seed sampler.

(6)    The right to make representations pursuant to regulation 36 of these Regulations and to appeal to the Tribunal pursuant to regulation 37 of these Regulations shall not apply in respect of any licence which was granted under the 1985 Regulations and which is varied within three months of the coming into force of these Regulations.

(7)    Any fee arising (whether wholly or in part) under the 1985 Regulations or the 1985 Fees Regulations but not paid at the coming into force of these Regulations shall be treated as a fee arising under these Regulations and shall be recoverable accordingly.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

Seeds98 Plant Breeders & Varieties98 Intellectual Property Law98

Signature

Michael Meacher

Minister of State,

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

18th December 2002

Seeds98 Plant Breeders & Varieties98 Intellectual Property Law98

SCHEDULE 5 Sampling

SCHEDULE 5Sampling Regulation 32(1)

1

A sample shall be obtained from the seed lot by taking primary samples systematically or at random from different positions in the lot and combining them to form a composite sample. The composite sample may be submitted for testing intact but if the composite sample is too large it may be reduced in weight by using a riffle divider or a centrifugal divider, to give the submitted sample.

Primary sample size

2

At each position of sampling of a seed lot, primary samples of approximately equal size shall be taken.

Condition of the Seed Lot

3

The seed lot to be sampled shall have been subject to appropriate mixing and blending techniques so that it is as uniform as practicable. There shall be no documentary or other evidence of heterogeneity. If a seed lot is presented for sampling in more than one container, the containers shall be of the same size and type and contain approximately the same weight of seed.

4

When the seed lot is in sacks or similar sized containers each containing at least 15 kg of seed and not more than 100 kg of seed, the maximum number of containers to be sampled shall be in accordance with the following table—

Number of containers in the lotMinimum number of containers to be sampled
1–43 primary samples from each container
5–82 primary samples from each container
9–151 primary sample from each container
16–30A total of 15 primary samples with each sample being taken from a different container
31–59A total of 20 primary samples with each sample being taken from a different container
60 or moreA total of 30 primary samples with each sample being taken from a different container

5

The containers to be sampled shall be selected systematically or at random and primary samples drawn from the top, middle and the bottom of containers, but not necessarily from more than one position in any container. The position from which the seed is taken shall be varied from container to container.

Sampling from small containers

6

For sampling seed lots in containers holding less than 15kg of seed, a 100kg weight of seed shall be taken as the basic unit and the small containers shall be combined to form sampling units not exceeding this weight (for example, six packages of 15kg or twenty packages of 5kg). For sampling purposes each unit shall be regarded as one container and the sampling procedures prescribed in paragraphs 4 and 5 shall be used.

7

When seed is in moisture-proof containers the opened or pierced container shall be adequately closed or the residues from sampling transferred to new containers. When seeds are in packets of 100g or less each packet may be considered as a primary sample and sufficient shall be taken at random to obtain a submitted sample of the prescribed minimum weight.

Sampling from large containers or seed in bulk

8

For the sampling of containers holding more than 100kg of seed, and for the sampling of seed in bulk, primary samples shall be taken from different horizontal and vertical positions selected at random and the following shall be regarded as the minimum requirement—

Lot weightNumber of primary samples to be taken
Up to 500kgAt least five primary samples
501–3,000kgOne primary sample for each 300kg but not less than 5
3,001–20,000kgOne primary sample for each 500kg but not less than 10
20,001kg and aboveOne primary sample for each 700kg but not less than 40

Sampling from a seed stream

9

Samples may be drawn from a seed stream during processing using an automatic sampling device, which shall uniformly sample the entire cross-section of the seed stream when a sample is taken. Portions of seed shall be taken at regular intervals throughout the processing of the lot using the same sampling intensity for seed in bulk as specified in paragraph 8.

Sampling Instruments

10

Sampling instruments shall be capable of sampling all parts of the seed lot. A dynamic spear sampler, stick sampler, cargo sampler or seed stream sampler of the type specified in paragraphs 12 to 14, 15 to 17, 18 or 19 respectively shall be used, as appropriate to the location of the seed, to draw primary samplers in accordance with the method described in paragraphs 21, 22 and 23, 24 or 25 respectively.

11

Where it is not practicable to use an instrument of the type referred to in paragraph 10 in accordance with a method referred to in paragraph 10 another instrument or method may be used at the discretion of the Secretary of State.

Dynamic spear sampler

12

A dynamic spear sampler may be used, in accordance with the method described in paragraph 21, for sampling seed in sacks or small containers. It shall be a hollow, cylindrical, solid-pointed metal spear or trier which shall be long enough to reach beyond the middle of the sack from the side and shall have an aperture so positioned that portions of seed of equal volume are removed from each part of the sack through which it travels.

13

In sampling seed of the species specified in column (1) of the following table a dynamic spear sampler shall be used of a type specified in column (2) and the type of spear used in respect of each species shall not be smaller than the type specified in the corresponding entry in column (2)—

(1)
Species of seed
(2)
Type of dynamic spear sampler
Alaska brome-grassB
Alsike cloverA
Annual meadowgrassA
AsparagusB
BarleyB
BeetrootB
Birdsfoot trefoilA
Black medickA
Black mustardA
Blue lupin (narrow leaved lupin)C
BorecoleA
Broad beanD
Brown mustardA
Brown topA
Brussels sproutsA
CabbageA
CalabreseA
CarrotA
CauliflowerA
CeleriacA
CeleryA
ChardA
Cheltenham beetB
ChicoryA
Chinese cabbageA
CocksfootB
Common vetchC
Creeping bentA
CucumberB
Curley kaleA
Durum wheatB
EndiveA
FestuloliumB
Field beanC
Field pea (fodder pea)B
Flax or linseedB
Fodder beetB
Fodder kaleA
Fodder radishA
Fodder rapeA
French beanD
GerkinB
GourdC
Hairy vetchC
Hungarian vetchC
Hybrid ryegrassB
Italian ryegrass (including Westerwolds)B
Kohl rabiA
Leaf beetB
LeekA
LettuceA
Linseed or flaxB
LucerneA
MaizeC
MangelB
MarrowC
Meadow fescueB
MelonB
Narrow leaved lupin (blue lupin)C
OatsB
Oilseed rapeA
OnionA
ParsleyA
Pea (vegetable)C
Perennial ryegrassB
RadishA
Red beet (beetroot)B
Red cabbageA
Red cloverA
Red fescueB
Red topA
Rescue grassB
Rough-stalked meadowgrassA
Runner beanD
RyeB
Savoy cabbageA
SainfoinB
Sheep's fescueB
Small timothyA
Smooth-stalked meadowgrassA
Soya beanC
Spelt wheatB
SpinachB
Spinach beetB
Sprouting broccoliA
Sugar beetB
SunflowerC
SwedeA
Swede rapeA
Tall fescueB
Tall oatgrassB
TimothyA
TomatoA
TrefoilA
TriticaleB
TurnipA
Turnip rapeA
Velvet bentA
WheatB
Wood meadowgrassA
White lupinC
White cloverA
White mustardA
Yellow lupinC

14

In the table set out in paragraph 13 references to type A, B, C and D instruments shall be construed as referring to instruments having a point length (a), shoulder length (b), boss length (c), aperture length (d), aperture width (e), bore width (f) and outside diameter (g) as shown in the diagram below of the dimensions specified in the corresponding entries in the following table—

Type of InstrumentPoint length
mm
(a)
Shoulder length
mm
(b)
Boss length
mm
(c)
Aperture length
mm
(d)
Aperture width
mm
(e)
Bore width
mm
(f)
Outside diameter
mm
(g)
A42782081012
B85121033111315
C82121340151719
D78151540182022
(This diagram is currently unavailable. Please see the original.)

Stick Samplers

15

A stick sampler may be used for drawing primary samples if it has an aperture or apertures of sufficient size to allow the unrestricted entry of seed or other particles and is capable of being opened and closed during the sampling procedure as appropriate to the method of use described in paragraph 22 or 23.

16

A single chamber type stick sampler may be used for sampling seed in open sacks, in large containers or in bulk.

(This diagram is currently unavailable. Please see the original.)
Point
(a)
Shoulder
(b)
Sliding Sleeve
(c)
Aperture Length
(d)
Aperture Width
(e)
Bore
(f)
For sampling:
Seeds in sacks552575502225
Seeds in large containers or in bulk10039063502230

17

A multi-chamber type stick sampler may be used to sample seed in sacks or, subject to the requirements of paragraph 10 above, any other containers. The apertures shall open into chambers that shall be separated from one another by transverse partitions. The contents of each chamber shall be regarded as a primary sample.

(This diagram is currently unavailable. Please see the original.)
Point
(a)
Shoulder
(b)
Aperture Length
(c)
Aperture Width
(d)
Aperture Separation
(e)
Bore
(f)
For sampling:
All species:60501001511025

Cargo sampler

18

A cargo sampler may be used to draw primary samples of seed in accordance with the method described in paragraph 24 for sampling seed in large containers or bulk and shall only be used in the vertical position.

Seed stream sampler

19

A seed stream sampler may be used to draw primary samples if it uniformly samples the cross-section of the seed stream without any loss of the seed that enter the sampler, in accordance with the method described in paragraph 25. Timing devices shall be attached so that the frequency and duration of sampling can be adjusted to meet the requirements of paragraph 9.

Methods of use

20

All instruments shall be clean before use.

Dynamic seed sampler

21

(1)    In the case of a dynamic spear sampler in which the aperture reaches only to the centre of the sack or small container—

(a)    the instrument shall be inserted into the sack in an upward direction at an angle of approximately 30° to the horizontal with its aperture downwards until the aperture reaches the centre of the sack or container;

(b)    it shall be lightly tapped to remove any seed taken in and then rotated to bring the aperture uppermost;

(c)    it shall be withdrawn immediately with a vibratory or oscillatory motion and at a decreasing speed so that the quantity of seed obtained from successive locations increases progressively from the centre to the side of the sack; and

(d)    seed passing through the instrument shall be collected in a clean container.

(2)    In the case of a dynamic spear sampler in which the aperture reaches to the far side of the sack or small container—

(a)    the spear shall be inserted in the manner described in sub-paragraph (1) until its aperture reaches almost to the far side of the sack or container;

(b)    it shall be tapped and rotated in the manner described in sub-paragraph (1) and then withdrawn at a uniform speed; and

(c)    the seed passing through the instrument shall be collected in a clean container.

Single chamber type stick sampler

22

In the case of a single chamber type stick sampler—

(a)    the sleeve shall move freely;

(b)    the instrument shall be inserted vertically downwards till the aperture reaches the appropriate primary sampling position ensuring that the sleeve covers the aperture as in enters the seed;

(c)    the instrument shall be withdrawn sufficiently to uncover the aperture;

(d)    the instrument shall be left in position until the primary sample has been collected; and

(e)    the instrument shall be withdrawn and the contents emptied into a clean container.

Multi-chamber type stick sampler

23

In the case of a multi-chamber type stick sampler—

(a)    the apertures shall be closed before insertion;

(b)    the instrument shall be inserted diagonally into sacks or vertically into large containers so that all apertures are fully covered;

(c)    the apertures shall be opened;

(d)    the instrument shall be agitated so that seed enters;

(e)    the apertures shall be closed gently to ensure that trapped seed is not broken or damaged;

(f)    the instrument shall be withdrawn and if the chambers are full the contents shall be emptied onto a clean surface or into a clean container; and

(g)    if all the chambers are not full, the contents shall be discarded and procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (a) to (f) shall be repeated.

Cargo sampler

24

In the case of a cargo sampler—

(a)    the lid shall open and close easily;

(b)    the instrument shall be inserted with the lid closed to the appropriate primary sampling position which shall be at least 300 mm below the surface of the seed;

(c)    the handle shall be raised sufficiently to open the lid;

(d)    the instrument shall be left in position until the primary sample has been collected; and

(e)    the instrument shall be withdrawn and the contents shall be emptied into a clean container.

Seed Stream Samplers

25

In the case of a seed stream sampler, the instrument shall take the number of primary samples necessary for the weight of the seed lot being sampled, the primary samples being taken from the seed lot at regular intervals and the resultant composite sample being of a weight not less than the prescribed minimum weight and not greater than can conveniently be reduced by means of one of the methods of sample reduction described in paragraph 30. They shall be installed in such a way that the composite sample can be readily identified with the seed lot from which it was taken.

Obtaining a submitted sample—composite sample division instruments

26

Provided the composite sample is of at least the prescribed minimum weight for the relevant species of seed, it may be used as the submitted sample.

27

Where the composite sample exceeds the prescribed minimum weight for the submitted sample, a riffle divider of the type specified in paragraph 28 or a centrifugal divider of the type specified in paragraph 29 may be used to obtain a submitted sample. Other instruments and methods may be used at the discretion of the Secretary of State.

Riffle Divider

28

The riffle divider shall consist of a rectangular hopper leading to a series of evenly spaced chutes, arranged so that seed is distributed equally on two sides. There shall be a minimum of 18 chutes, each discharging in the opposite direction to its immediate neighbour. Three (or more) metal collecting vessels (pans) of sufficient depth to prevent seed bouncing out shall be used.

Centrifugal Divider

29

The centrifugal divider shall consist of a hopper from which the seed flows on to a shallow cup that is then rotated by an electric motor. The seed shall be distributed by centrifugal force onto a stationary baffle that divides it into two equal parts that are then discharged through separate spouts. Four metal collecting vessels (pans) of sufficient depth to prevent seed bouncing out shall be used.

Method of Use

30

The method of using a riffle divider shall be as follows—

(a)    the divider shall be placed on a firm level surface;

(b)    the divider and pans shall be clean;

Sample Mixing

(c)    an empty pan shall be placed on each side of the divider to receive the discharge from the chutes;

(d)    the entire composite sample shall be poured evenly into the other pan(s);

(e)    the seed shall then be poured from the pan(s) evenly along the entire length of the hopper;

(f)    the two pans into which the seed has passed shall then be replaced with empty pans;

(g)    procedures (e) and (f) shall then be repeated twice to mix the sample thoroughly;

Sample Reduction

(h)    before reduction, the composite samples shall have been thoroughly mixed using procedures (c) to (g). The contents of one of the two receiving pans shall then be set aside. If the seed in the second pan is of at least the prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample of a particular species of seed, it may be used as the submitted sample. If the weight of seed in the second pan is greater than the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, it may be reduced using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (i) to (k);

(i)    an empty pan shall be placed on each side of the divider to receive the discharge from the chutes;

(j)    the contents of the second pan shall be poured evenly along the entire length of the hopper;

(k)    the contents of one of the two pans into which the seed has been passed shall then be set aside. If the weight of seed in the other pan is still greater than the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for the submitted sample, it may be submitted intact or it may be reduced further using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (i) to (k);

(l)    if the weight of seed in either of the two pans at either (h) or (k) is less than the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (m) to (q) shall be used;

(m)    an empty pan shall be placed on each side of the divider to received the discharge from the chutes;

(n)    the contents of one of the pans shall be set aside. The contents of the other pan shall be poured evenly along the entire length of the hopper;

(o)    one receiving pan and its contents shall than be removed and replaced with an empty pan. The other pan, with its contents, shall be left in place;

(p)    the contents of the pan removed at (o) shall be poured evenly along the entire length of the hopper so that two subsamples of different weight shall be produced;

(q)    the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (o) and (p) when repeated, constitute the process of continuous halving, and shall be repeated using whichever subsample is appropriate until sufficient seed is obtained in one pan, which when added to the seed set aside at (n) produces a submitted sample of at least the appropriate prescribed minimum weight;

Obtaining more than one submitted sample

(r)    two submitted samples shall be obtained from a composite sample by first obtaining a sample of at least twice the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (c) to (g) and (h) to (q) as appropriate, and then dividing it into two parts by passing it once through the divider;

(s)    when three submitted samples are required from one composite sample, one sample of at least the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, shall be extracted using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (c) to (g) and (h) to (q) as appropriate. All portions of seed which have been set aside shall then be recombined and the residue of the composite sample so obtained shall be subject to the procedure specified at sub-paragraph (r).

Centrifugal Divider

31

The method of using a centrifugal divider shall be as follows—

(a)    the divider shall be levelled prior to use;

(b)    the divider and pans shall be clean;

Sample Mixing

(c)    an empty pan shall be placed under each spout of the divider;

(d)    the entire composite sample shall be poured into the centre of the hopper;

(e)    the motor shall be operated so that the seed passes into the pans;

(f)    the motor shall be switched off;

(g)    the two pans containing seed shall be removed and replaced by empty ones;

(h)    the contents of both pans removed at (g) shall be poured together into the centre of the hopper, the seed being allowed to blend as it flows in. The procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (e), (f) and (g) shall be repeated;

(i)    the procedure specified in sub-paragraph (h) shall be repeated to mix the sample thoroughly;

Sample Reduction

(j)    before reduction, the composite sample shall have been thoroughly mixed using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (c) to (i). The contents of one of the two receiving pans shall then be set aside. If the seed in the second pan is of at least the prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample of a particular species of seed, it may be used as the submitted sample. If the weight of seed in the second pan is greater than the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, it may be reduced using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (k) to (m);

(k)    empty pans shall be placed under the spouts;

(l)    the contents of the second pan shall be poured into the hopper and the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (e) and (f) shall be repeated;

(m)    the contents of one of the two pans into which the seed has passed shall then be set aside. If the weight of seed in the other pan is still greater than the appropriate minimum prescribed weight for a submitted sample, it may be submitted intact or it may be reduced further using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (k) to (m);

(n)    if the weight of seed in either of the two pans at either (j) or (m) is less than the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (o) to (s) shall be used;

(o)    empty pans shall be placed under the spouts;

(p)    the contents of one of the pans shall be set aside, the contents of the other pan shall be poured into the centre of the hopper and the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (e) and (f) shall be repeated;

(q)    one receiving pan and its contents shall then be removed and replaced with an empty pan; the other pan, with its contents, shall be left in place;

(r)    the contents of the pan removed at (q) shall be poured into the centre of the hopper and the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (e) and (f) shall be repeated so that two sub-samples of different weight shall be produced;

(s)    the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (q) and (r) above, when repeated, constitute the process of continuous halving, and shall be repeated using whichever sub-sample is appropriate until sufficient seed is obtained in one pan, which when added to the seed set aside at (p) produces a submitted sample of at least the appropriate prescribed minimum weight;

Obtaining more than one submitted sample

(t)    two submitted samples shall be obtained from a composite sample by first obtaining a sample of at least twice the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (c) to (i) and (j) to (s) as appropriate, and then dividing it into two parts by passing it once through the divider;

(u)    when three submitted samples are required from one composite sample, one sample, of at least the appropriate prescribed minimum weight for a submitted sample, shall be extracted using the procedures specified in sub-paragraphs (c) to (i) and (j) to (s) as appropriate. All portions of seed which have been set aside shall then be recombined and the residue of the composite sample so obtained shall be subject to the procedure specified in sub-paragraph (t).

Moisture Sample

32

Primary samples of seed for moisture tests shall be drawn in such a way as to minimise exposure to the atmosphere. The composite moisture sample so collected may, if his licence permits it, be tested by a licensed seed sampler but shall in any other case be submitted intact to the testing station in an airtight container. It shall not be passed through a seed divider. Seed for moisture tests shall be kept separate from seed on which other determinations are to be made.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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SCHEDULE 6 Certificate of the Taking of a Sample of Seeds

SCHEDULE 6Certificate of the Taking of a Sample of Seeds Regulation 33
DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS
PLANT VARIETIES AND SEEDS ACT 1964—SECTION 26(3)
THE SEED (REGISTRATION, LICENSING AND ENFORCEMENT) (ENGLAND) REGULATIONS 2002
CERTIFICATE OF THE TAKING OF A SAMPLE OF SEEDS TAKEN UNDER SECTION 25(5) OF THE ACT
I certify that in taking the sample referred to above I used one of the methods of sampling prescribed in the appropriate part of Schedule 5 of the Seed (Registration, Licensing and Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2002.
Signed
Sample taken on the premises of: (name) ______________
Address _________________________________________
     __________________Postcode_______________
1 Species _______________________________________
2 Variety ____________________
3 (a) Category (specify)__________ (b) Level (specify) ________
4 Date of sampling _________________
5 Seed lot reference number__________
6 Quantity sampled         7 Treatment __________
(ie total weight of seed from which the sample was taken) (Specify trade name)
Authorised by the Secretary of State
Name (in BLOCK LETTERS) 8 Date of sampling ____________________________
Date 9 Date of sampling ____________________________
10 Date received at OSTS
11 Mixtures: (enter details as approriate)
Species
Varieties
Prop By weight
Ref No of lot
Species
Varieties
Prop By weight
Ref No of lot
12 Moisture sample takenYES NO 15 Sample taken from (type of container—please specify):
13 Country of production
14 Should the result be sent to these premises?YES NO
16 Remarks
If NO, please state name and address for result to be sent to:
Reg No
Post code:
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 31 January 2003: see reg 1.

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations come into force on 31st January 2003. They revoke and replace the Seeds (Registration, Licensing and Enforcement) Regulations 1985 (SI 1985/980) (the 1985 Regulations) as amended as respects England; and the Seeds (Fees) Regulations 1985 (the 1985 Fees Regulations) as amended in relation to matters arising under the 1985 Regulations as respects England.

The Regulations continue to prohibit a person from engaging in the seed industry (now defined in relation to a “seed industry activity” in regulation 2) unless he has been registered by the Secretary of State (regulation 3). New provision is made to request the termination of registrations (regulation 7). Breach of the conditions of registration may lead to revocation (regulation 8).

There is continued provision to license crop inspectors (regulation 11). New provision is made for a crop inspector to apply to the Secretary of State to have his licence varied (regulation 12(1)) or terminated (regulation 13) and she continues to be able to vary the licence in any event (regulation 12(4)). The Secretary of State has power to suspend or revoke the licence (regulation 14).

The Regulations continue arrangements to license seed samplers (regulation 18). The power of the Secretary of State to vary the licence continues (regulation 19) and new provision is made for the licensee to apply to the Secretary of State for the termination of his licence (regulation 20). The Secretary of State has power to suspend or revoke the licence (regulation 21).

There is continued provision to license seed testing stations (LSTSs) (regulation 25). The person in charge may now apply to vary the licence (regulation 26(1)) and the Secretary of State continues to be able to vary it in any event (regulation 26(4)). The licence may now be suspended or revoked not only for breach of conditions of the licence but also if any seed analyst or the Analyst in Charge of the LSTS is unfit (regulation 29).

There is new provision to keep a list of registered persons (regulation 9), a list of licensed crop inspectors (regulation 15), a list of licensed seed samplers (regulation 22) and a list of LSTSs (regulation 30).

Provision is continued from the 1985 Regulations for fees to be charged for the services provided by crop inspectors (regulation 16), seed samplers (regulation 23) and LSTSs (regulation 31) . In addition, fees which were prescribed under the 1985 fees Regulations are now included in these Regulations, namely fees for the licensing, supervision and operation of LSTSs (regulation 31(2)), for examination fees for crop inspectors and seed samplers (regulation 35) and for making representations (regulation 36(10)).

Provision for enforcement of seeds regulations is also continued and requirements relating to sampling are now set out in these regulations (regulation 32).

New arrangements are made for any person to act under the responsibility of the Secretary of State in carrying out official measures (regulation 34) and for fees to be charged in that connection (regulation 35).

The right to make representations is expanded to cover the categories set out in regulation 36(1). The Secretary of State will not proceed with a refusal, variation, suspension or revocation until the person concerned has had an opportunity to make representations, except that she may suspend a licence with immediate effect if she considers it necessary. The right of appeal to the Tribunal is correspondingly expanded, with some exceptions (regulation 36(9)).

A Regulatory impact assessment has been prepared for these Regulations and placed in the library of each House of Parliament. Copies of the assessment can be obtained from the Plant Variety Rights Office and Seeds Division of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, White House Lane, Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 OLF.

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