1 Title, commencement and extent

These Regulations—

(a)    may be cited as the Kava-kava in Food (England) Regulations 2002;

(b)    shall come into force on 13th January 2003;

(c)    shall extend to England only.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 13 January 2003: see para (b) above.

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2 Interpretation

2Interpretation

In these Regulations—

“the Act” means the Food Safety Act 1990;

“food authority” does not include the appropriate Treasurer referred to in section 5(1)(c) of the Act (which deals with the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple);

“Kava-kava” means a plant, or any part of or an extract from a plant, belonging to the species Piper methysticum;

“port health authority” means—

(a)    in relation to the London port health district (within the meaning given to that phrase for the purposes of the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 by section 7(1) of that Act), the Common Council of the City of London; and

(b)    in relation to any port health district constituted by order under section 2(3) of the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984, a port health authority for that district constituted by order under section 2(4) of that Act.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 13 January 2003: see reg 1(b).

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3 Prohibition on sale etc of food consisting of or containing Kava-kava

3Prohibition on sale etc of food consisting of or containing Kava-kava

No person shall—

(a)    sell; or

(b)    possess for sale or offer, expose or advertise for sale; or

(c)    import into England from a country outside the United Kingdom,

any food consisting of or containing Kava-kava.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 13 January 2003: see reg 1(b).

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4 Penalty and enforcement

4Penalty and enforcement

(1)    Any person who contravenes regulation 3 shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(2)    Subject to paragraph (3), each food authority shall enforce within its area the provisions of these Regulations.

(3)    Each port health authority shall enforce within its district the provisions of these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 13 January 2003: see reg 1(b).

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5 Application of various provisions of the Food Safety Act 1990

5Application of various provisions of the Food Safety Act 1990

(1)    The following provisions of the Act shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations with the modification that any reference in those provisions to the Act or Part thereof shall be construed for the purposes of these Regulations as a reference to these Regulations—

(a)    section 2 (extended meaning of “sale” etc);

(b)    section 3 (presumption that food intended for human consumption);

(c)    section 20 (offences due to fault of another person);

(d)    section 21 (defence of due diligence) as it applies for the purposes of sections 8, 14 or 15 of the Act;

(e)    section 22 (defence of publication in the course of a business);

(f)    section 30(8) (which relates to documentary evidence);

(g)    section 33(1) (obstruction etc of officers);

(h)    section 33(2), with the modification that the reference to “any such requirement as is mentioned in subsection 1(b) above” shall be deemed to be a reference to any such requirement as is mentioned in section 33(1)(b) as applied by sub-paragraph (g);

(i)    section 35(1) (punishment of offences), in so far as it relates to offences under section 33(1) as applied by sub-paragraph (g);

(j)    section 35(2) and (3), in so far as it relates to offences under section 33(2) as applied by sub-paragraph (h);

(k)    section 36 (offences by bodies corporate);

(l)    section 44 (protection of officers acting in good faith).

(2)    Section 8(3) of the Act (which makes presumptions in the case of batches etc of food) shall apply to food which it is an offence to sell under these Regulations as it applies to food which fails to comply with food safety requirements.

(3)    Section 9 of the Act (inspection and seizure of suspected food) shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations as if food which it were an offence to sell under them were food which failed to comply with food safety requirements.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 13 January 2003: see reg 1(b).

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Signature

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Health

Hazel Blears

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State,

Department of Health

18th December 2002

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations extend to England only.

These Regulations prohibit the sale, possession for sale, offer, exposure or advertisement for sale, and the importation into England from outside the United Kingdom, of any food consisting of, or containing, Kava-kava (being a plant or part of a plant, or an extract from such a plant, belonging to the species Piper methysticum) (regulation 3). Any such food may be treated as being unfit for human consumption and be liable to be seized and destroyed (regulation 5(3)).

These Regulations were notified in draft to the European Commission in accordance with Article 8 of the European Parliament and Council Directive 98/34/EC laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations and of rules on Information Society services (OJ No L204, 21.7.1998, p 37), as amended by the European Parliament and Council Directive 98/48/EC (OJ No L217, 5.8.1998, p 18).

A Regulatory Impact Assessment has been prepared and placed in the Library of each House of Parliament, and copies can be obtained from the Food Standards Agency, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH.

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