Source: All England Reporter
Publisher Citation: [2005] All ER (D) 258 (Nov)
Court: Court of Appeal, Criminal Division

Moses LJ, Burton J and Judge Goldsack QC

Representation Kim Hollis QC (assigned by the Registrar of Criminal Appeals) for the defendant.
  Brian Altman and Duncan Penny (instructed by the Crown Prosecution Service) for the Crown.
Judgment Dates: 18 November 2005


Criminal evidence - Prosecution evidence - Undercover police officer - Crown relying on evidence of conversations between defendant and undercover police officer - Transcript of conversations translated from Punjabi into English - Translation not very clear - Whether Crown entitled to adduce evidence of what undercover police officer thought defendant had meant in course of conversations.

The Case

It had not been open to the Crown to adduce evidence of what an undercover police officer had thought that the defendant meant in the course of conversations between them conducted in Punjabi. Although the English translation of the recording of the conversations had not been entirely clear, it was for the jury to resolve any ambiguities.

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