Source: All England Reporter
Publisher Citation: [2002] All ER (D) 299 (Mar)
Court: Divisional Court

Lord Woolf CJ and Wright J

Representation Julian Knowles (instructed by Hodge Jones & Allen) for Y.
  Helen Malcolm (instructed by Kingsley Napley) for Z.
  James Lewis (instructed by the Crown Prosecution Service) for the Government of the United States of America.
Judgment Dates: 20 March 2002


Extradition - Committal - Evidence - Evidence sufficient to justify committal - Accused charged with blackmailing company providing news and financial information through computer systems - Accused sending e-mails in the name of one of company's senior executives - Whether sending of e-mails modification of computer system - ss 3 and 17.

The Case

The language of s3 of the was very wide and the consequence of that was that if a person caused a computer to record data that person would be doing something which amounted to a modification. Therefore, by reason of s3(2)(c), if a person caused a computer to record information such as an e-mail which showed that it came from one person when if fact it came from another that would manifestly affect the reliability of its data.

Practice Areas

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