|Source:||All England Reporter|
|Publisher Citation:|| All ER (D) 152 (Dec)|
|Court:||Court of Appeal, Criminal Division|
Kay LJ, Sir Ian Kennedy and The Recorder of Liverpool
|Representation||Marguerite Russell and Danny Friedman (assigned by the Registrar of Criminal Appeals) for the defendant.|
|Mark Gadsden and Sally Halkerston (instructed by the Crown Prosecution Service) for the Crown.|
|Judgment Dates:||12 December 2001|
Criminal evidence - Admissions and confessions - Silence of accused - Inference from silence - Defendants interviews excluded from trial as being in breach of police codes of practice - Evidence of defendant's silence when charged adduced at trial - Whether judge erring in directing jury to draw any proper adverse inferences from silence - s 34(1) - Police Codes of Practice, 11.4 and 16.1 - .