Retained EU Decisions

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This source is offered for advance reference only pending the repeal of the European Communities Act 1972 (ECA 1972) and is subject to further inclusions and amendments.

The source contains legislation content originally derived from the EU which may be of continued relevance in UK domestic law in accordance with the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (EU(W)A 2018).

EU(W)A 2018 makes provision for the publication of relevant EU instruments which may or may not be retained in domestic law following the repeal of ECA 1972. This source is consistent with this approach and should not be treated as an authorised or exhaustive source of retained direct EU legislation.

EU(W)A 2018, and associated legislation including Brexit SIs, contain provisions which determine and modify the domestic scope and application of retained EU law. This source should be read in this context, alongside EU(W)A 2018 and associated legislation. Where applicable, the legislation content in this source is consolidated and maintained to reflect UK-specific modifications (including repeals, revocations and amendments).

This source is separate to our EU Legislation sources, which are maintained in order to reflect the continued development of EU law.

Note: EU(W)A 2018 as enacted provides for the repeal of ECA 1972 and the introduction of retained EU law to take effect at the same time. The nature and timing of these provisions will change if there is a transition/implementation period. In that case, users will still have advance access this source, but should also refer to the EU Legislation sources. Both sources will continue to be maintained to reflect any additions and amendments introduced by the EU during that period.

Additional Information:

This source contains EU Decisions, consolidated up to and including their position on exit day, with notation to display amendments made on or after exit day by UK Acts and SIs only.


Amendments made by new legislation are incorporated into the text of existing legislation. The NOTES segment at the end of each document indicates the changes that have been made to the text.

Within the ?Highlights? view:
Green highlighting indicates text that has been inserted or substituted.
Red, square-bracketed and struck-through ellipses [?] indicate repealed text.
Yellow highlighting denotes partially in force text, while orange highlighting and italic text indicate partially in force, repealed text.

Within the ?Hidden? view.
This view shows a fully consolidated version of the provision, with no highlighting or notation, with the exception of partially in force and partially in force, repealed text, which are shown.

Within the ?Text? view.
An ellipsis ( . . . ) indicates that text has been repealed or in certain enactments before 1998 that the text was solely amending (the amendments will be detailed in the Notes segment).

Square brackets denote text that has been inserted or substituted.
Italicised text is prospectively repealed, substituted or disapplied. These rules apply whether the amendment/repeal is of a whole provision or of text within a provision. Text is also italicised for legislation which has been repealed, substituted or disapplied in part and/or is still partly in force.

When text is repealed, revoked or disapplied
- whilst the repeal is prospective (ie not yet in force), the repealed text is italicised
- whilst the repeal is partly in force, the repealed text is italicised
- once the repeal has come into force, the repealed text is replaced with an ellipsis (3 dots)
When new text is inserted
- whilst the insertion is prospective, the inserted text appears in square brackets and is underlined
- once the insertion is in force, the inserted text appears in square brackets (and the underlining disappears)
When existing text is substituted
- whilst the substitution is prospective, the existing text will appear in italics followed by the new (replacing) text in square brackets and underlined
- whilst the substitution is partly in force, the existing text will appear in italics followed by the new (replacing) text in square brackets.
- once the substitution is in force, the existing text will disappear altogether and the new (replacing) text will appear in square brackets (without underlining).