(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order, which comes into force on 1st January 2011, amends paragraph 16(2)(f) (other services provided to recipient belonging outside EC) (“paragraph 16(2)(f)”) of Part 3 (exceptions relating to supplies not made to relevant business person) of Schedule 4A (place of supply of services: special rules) (“Schedule 4A”) to the Value Added Tax Act 1994 (c 23).
Council Directive 2006/112/EC (OJ No L 347, 11.12.06, p 1) (“the Principal VAT Directive”) establishes a common system of value added tax applicable throughout the European Union. Certain provisions of the Principal VAT Directive have been amended by Council Directive 2009/162/EU (OJ No L 10, 15.1.10, p 14) (“the Technical Directive”) with effect from 15th January 2010. Member states are required to transpose the amendments with effect from 1st January 2011
The effect of Article 59(h) of the Principal VAT Directive is that the provision of access to, or of transport or transmission through a natural gas system situated in the EU or any network connected to such a system, the electricity system or heating and cooling networks and other directly linked services when supplied to non-taxable persons situated outside the EU are treated, for VAT purposes, as being supplied in the territory where the recipient belongs.
Prior to amendment by the Technical Directive Article 59 (h) did not refer to heating and cooling networks, made reference to distribution systems rather than systems and, in the case of natural gas, did not make any provision as to the location of those systems.
Article 59(h) is implemented by paragraph 16(2)(f) of Schedule 4A. The effect of paragraph 16(2)(f) is that the provision of access to, or of transport or transmission through, natural gas and electricity distribution systems and the provision of other directly linked services are treated as made where the recipient belongs if that recipient is not a relevant business person ie is not registered for VAT in the UK (which includes for these purposes the crown dependency of the Isle of Man), or any other member State or engaged in economic activity anywhere and belongs in a country which is not a member State (excluding the crown dependency of the Isle of Man).
This Order implements the Technical Directive's amendment to Article 59(h) of the Principal VAT Directive by amending paragraph 16(2)(f) of Schedule 4A to change the description and location of the natural gas pipeline and to add a reference to a network through which heat or cooling is supplied.
A full impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no impact on the private or voluntary sectors is foreseen.