Title, application and commencement

1

These Regulations may be cited as the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2005, shall apply in relation to England only and shall come into force on 11th March 2005.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see above.

Amendments to the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations 1998

2

Amendments to the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations 19982

The Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations 1998 are amended, in so far as they apply in relation to England, in accordance with regulations 3 to 16 of these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

3

3

In regulation 2 (interpretation)—

(a)    in paragraph (1)—

(i)    for the definition of “additive” substitute ““additive” means a substance as defined in paragraph 1 of the general introduction to Annex III to the Directive as read with paragraph 3 of Article 4 of the Directive;”;

(ii)    in the definition of “Council Directive 82/711”, omit the words “as amended” to the end;

(iii)    after the definition of “Council Directive 82/711” insert the following definitions—

““Council Directive 88/388” means Council Directive 88/388/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to flavourings for use in foodstuffs and to source materials for their production;

“Council Directive 89/107” means Council Directive 89/107/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning food additives authorised in foodstuffs intended for human consumption;”;

(iv)    omit the definition of “EEA Agreement”;

(v)    for the definition of “EEA State” substitute ““EEA State” means a Member State (other than the United Kingdom), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein;”;

(vi)    after the definition of “EEA State” insert the following definition—

““EFSA” means the European Food Safety Authority;”;

(vii)    after the definition of “preparation” insert the following definition—

““the purity Directives” means Commission Directive 95/31/EC laying down specific criteria of purity concerning sweeteners for use in foodstuffs, Commission Directive 95/45/EC laying down purity criteria concerning colours for use in foodstuffs and Commission Directive 96/77/EC laying down specific purity criteria for food additives other than colours or sweeteners;”;

(b)    after paragraph (5) add—

“(6)    Any reference in these Regulations to a Community instrument shall be construed as a reference to that instrument as amended at the time the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2005 were made.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

Food & Drugs95 Consumer Law95

4

4

In regulation 4 (restriction on the use of monomers in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles)—

(a)    in paragraph (2) omit sub-paragraphs (a) and (b);

(b)    in paragraph (5)(b)(ii) after the word “material” in each case insert the words “or article”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

5

5

In regulation 5 (restriction on the use of additives in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles)—

(a)    in paragraph (1) add after sub-paragraph (d)—

“(e)    any food additive authorised by Council Directive 89/107 or any flavouring authorised by Council Directive 88/388 that migrates into food—

(i)    in a quantity that has a technological function in the final food product, or

(ii)    where the food is of a type for which the use of any such food additive or flavouring is so authorised, in quantities exceeding the limits provided for in Council Directive 89/107 or Council Directive 88/388 as appropriate, or in Schedule 2 to these Regulations, whichever is the lower.”;

(b)    in paragraph (4)(b)(ii) after the word “material” in each case insert the words “or article”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

6

6

After regulation 5A insert the following regulation—

“Applications for inclusion of an additive in the Community list of authorised additives5B

(1)    This regulation applies where a person wishes to make an application for the inclusion of an eligible additive in the Community list referred to in Article 4 of the Directive.

(2)    An application mentioned in paragraph (1) including supporting data must be made to EFSA before 1st January 2007.

(3)    If, during examination of the data referred to in paragraph (2), EFSA calls for supplementary information, the eligible additive may, if permitted to be used under English law, continue to be so used until EFSA has issued an opinion, provided such information is submitted within the time limits specified by EFSA.

(4)    For the purposes of this regulation an eligible additive is one whose use is permitted in one or more Member States before 1st January 2007.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

7

7

For regulation 8 (labelling) substitute the following—

“At marketing stages other than the retail stage a person who is in possession of any plastic material or article intended to come into contact with food shall ensure that the plastic material or article is accompanied by a written declaration which—

(a)    attests that it complies with the legislation applicable to it; and

(b)    provides, in respect of substances that are subject to a restriction on quantities migrating into food, information obtained from experimental data or theoretical calculation concerning—

(i)    the levels of migration specific to those substances;

(ii)    where appropriate, purity criteria in accordance with the purity Directives.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

8

8

In regulation 10 (offences)—

(a)    in paragraph (1) for the figure “8(1)” substitute the figure “8”;

(b)    after paragraph (24) add—

“(25)    In any proceedings for an offence under these Regulations it shall be a defence to prove that—

(a)    the act constituting the offence was committed in relation to a plastic material or article which was manufactured or imported into the European Community before 1st March 2006; and

(b)    the act constituting the offence would not have constituted an offence under these Regulations if the amendments made to them by the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2005 had not been in force at the time that act occurred.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

9

9

In Schedule 1, Part I—

(a)    in Section A (monomers authorised without time limit)—

(i)    insert in the appropriate numerical order the entries set out in Schedule 1 to these Regulations;

(ii)    for items 15A, 39, 70, 120B, 147, 147A, 147B and 188 substitute the entries set out in Schedule 2 to these Regulations;

(iii)    omit items 76B and 76C with their corresponding entries;

(b)    omit Sections B and C.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

10

10

In Schedule 1, Part II (supplementary) paragraph 4—

(a)    at the end of note (21) for “and 18670,” substitute “, 18670, 54880 and 59280”;

(b)    after note (25) add the following—

“(27)    QMA(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the residual quantities of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 10599/90A, 10599/91, 10599/92A and 10599/93.

(28)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 13480 and 39680.

(29)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 22775 and 69920.

(32)    Compliance testing when there is a fat contact should be performed using isooctane as substitute of simulant D (unstable).

(33)    QMA(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the residual quantities of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 14800 and 45600.”

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

11

11

In Schedule 2, Part I (incomplete list of additives used in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles)—

(a)    insert in appropriate numerical order the entries set out in Schedule 3 to these Regulations;

(b)    for items 60A and 198A substitute the entries set out in Schedule 4 to these Regulations;

(c)    omit items 112, 173A, 195C and 240 with their corresponding entries.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

12

12

In Schedule 2, Part II (incomplete list of additives used in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles to which paragraph 5 of Part III of Schedule 2 applies)—

(a)    insert in appropriate numerical order the entries set out in Schedule 5 to these Regulations;

(b)    omit items 28, 80 and 111A with their corresponding entries.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

13

13

In Schedule 2, Part III (supplementary)—

(a)    in paragraph 4—

(i)    in note (8), insert in the appropriate numerical order “38000” and “67896”;

(ii)    in note (10), after “levels” insert “(expressed as iodine)”;

(iii)    at the end of note (21), for “and 18670,” substitute “, 18670, 54880 and 59280”;

(iv)    after note (24) add the following—

“(26)    QMA(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the residual quantities of the following substances mentioned as reference Nos 14950, 15700, 16240, 16570, 16600, 16630, 18640, 19110, 22332, 22420, 22570, 25210, 25240 and 25270.

(27)    QMA(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the residual quantities of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 10599/90A, 10599/91, 10599/92A and 10599/93.

(28)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 13480 and 39680.

(29)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 22775 and 69920.

(30)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 86480, 86960 and 87120.

(31)    Compliance testing when there is a fat contact should be performed using saturated fatty food simulants as simulant D.

(32)    Compliance testing when there is a fat contact should be performed using isooctane as substitute of simulant D (unstable).

(33)    QMA(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the residual quantities of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 14800 and 45600.

(34)    SML(T) in this case means that the restriction shall not be exceeded by the sum of the migration levels of the following substances having PM/REF Nos 55200, 55280 and 55360.”;

(b)    in paragraph 5 for “1st January 2004” substitute “1st July 2006”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

14

14

In Schedule 2A (products obtained by bacterial fermentation) for the entry in the column headed “restrictions and specifications” substitute the following—

“In compliance with specifications included in Schedule 2B”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

15

15

For the table in Schedule 2B (specifications) substitute the table set out in Schedule 6 to these Regulations.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

16

16

For paragraph 4(b) of Part I (basic rules) of Schedule 4 (overall and specific migration testing using food simulants) substitute the following—

“(b)    omit the migration, the substitute or the alternative tests where—

(i)    there is conclusive proof that the migration limits cannot be exceeded in any foreseeable conditions of use of the material or article, or

(ii)    the conditions for non-compulsory testing set out in article 8.2 or 8.3 of the Directive are met.”.

NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

Signature

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Health

Melanie Johnson

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Department of Health

9th February 2005

SCHEDULE 1 (Entries to be Inserted in Section A of Part I of Schedule 1)

SCHEDULE 1(Entries to be Inserted in Section A of Part I of Schedule 1) Regulation 9(a)(i)
1234
ItemPM/REF NoCAS NoNameRestrictions and specifications
6A10599/90A061788–89–4Acids, fatty, unsaturated (C18), dimers, distilledQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 (27)
6B10599/91061788–89–4Acids, fatty, unsaturated (C18), dimers, non distilledQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 (27)
6C10599/92A068783–41–5Acids, fatty, unsaturated (C18), dimers, hydrogenated, distilledQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 (27)
6D10599/93068783–41–5Acids, fatty, unsaturated (C18), dimers, hydrogenated, non distilledQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 (27)
37A13323000102–40–91,3–Bis(2–hydroxyethoxy) benzeneSML = 0.05 mg/kg
68MA14800003724–65–0Crotonic acidQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 (33)
87A16210006864–37–53,3'–Dimethyl–4,
4'–diaminodicyclohexyl
methane
SML = 0.05 mg/kg (32). To be used only in polyamides.
89A16540000102–09–0Diphenyl carbonateSML = 0.05 mg/kg
101A17110016219–75–35–Ethylidenebicyclo
[2,2,1]hept–2–ene
QMA = 0.05 mg/6 dm2. The ratio surface / quantity of food shall be lower than 2 dm2/kg
118MA18700000629–11–81,6–HexanediolSML = 0.05 mg/kg
120ZA18896001679–51–24–(Hydroxymethyl)
–1–cyclohexene
SML = 0.05 mg/kg
135BM20440000097–90–5Methacrylic acid, diester with ethyleneglycolSML = 0.05 mg/kg
142A21400054276–35–6Methacrylic acid, sulphopropyl esterQMA = 0.05 mg/6 dm2
156XA22775000144–62–7Oxalic acidSML(T) = 6 mg/kg(29)
161A23070000102–39–6(1,3–Phenylenedioxy)diac
etic acid
QMA = 0.05 mg/6 dm2
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

SCHEDULE 2 (Entries to be Substituted for Entries in Section A of Part I of Schedule 1)

SCHEDULE 2(Entries to be Substituted for Entries in Section A of Part I of Schedule 1) Regulation 9(a)(ii)
1234
ItemPM/REF NoCAS NoNameRestrictions and specifications
15A1153000999–61–1Acrylic acid,
2–hydroxypropyl ester
QMA = 0.05 mg/6 dm2 for the sum of acrylic acid, 2
–hydroxypropyl ester and acrylic acid, 2
–hydroxyisopropyl ester and in compliance with the specifications laid down in Schedule 2B
3913480000080–05–72,2–Bis(4–hydroxyphenyl) propaneSML(T) = 0.6 mg/kg(28)
7014950003173–53–3Cyclohexyl isocyanateQM(T) = 1 mg/kg in FP (expressed as NCO) (26)
120B18898000103–90–2N–(4–Hydroxyphenyl) acetamideSML = 0.05 mg/kg
14722150000691–37–24–Methyl–1–penteneSML = 0.05 mg/kg
147A22331025513–64–8Mixture of (35–45% w/w) 1,6–diamino–2,2,4–trimethyl
hexane and
(55–65% w/w) 1,
6–diamino–2,4,
4–trimethylhexane
QMA = 5 mg/6 dm2
147B22332Mixture of (40% w/w) 2,2,4–trimethyl
hexane–1,6–diisocyanate and (60% w/w) 2,4,
4–trimethylhexane–1,
6–diisocyanate
QM(T) = 1 mg/kg (expressed as NCO) (26)
18824190065997–05–9Rosin Wood
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

SCHEDULE 3 (Entries to be Inserted in Part I of Schedule 2)

SCHEDULE 3(Entries to be Inserted in Part I of Schedule 2) Regulation 11(a)
1234
ItemPM/REF NoCAS NoNameRestrictions and specifications
18A34850143925–92–2Amines, bis(hydrogenated tallow alkyl) oxidisedQM = For use only:
(a) in polyolefines at 0.1% (w/w) but not in LDPE when it is in contact with foods for which the Directive 85/572/EEC establishes a reduction factor less than 3;
(b) in PET at 0.25% (w/w) in contact with foods other than those for which the simulant D is laid down in Directive 85/572/EEC
18B34895000088–68–62–AminobenzamideSML = 0.05 mg/kg. To be used only for PET for water and beverages
37AA39680000080–05–72,2–Bis(4–hydroxyphenyl) propaneSML(T) = 0.6 mg/kg (28)
51A42880008001–79–4Castor oil
61A45600003724–65–0Crotonic acidQMA(T) = 0.05 mg/6 dm2(33)
61B45640005232–99–52–Cyano–3,
3–dipheneylacrylic acid, ethyl ester
SML = 0.05 mg/kg
69A467005,7–di–tert–Butyl–3–
(3,4– and 2,3
–di–methylphenyl)–
3H–benzofuran–2–one containing:
SML = 5 mg/kg
(a) 5,7–di–tert–butyl–
3–(3,4–dimethylphe
nyl)–3H–benzofuran
–2–one (80–100% w/w); and
(b) 5,7–di–tert–butyl
–3–(2,3–dimethylphe
nyl)–3H–benzofuran
–2–one (0–20% w/w)
69B46720004130–42–12,6–Di–tert–butyl
–4–ethylphenol
QMA = 4.8 mg/6 dm2
109A56535Glycerol, esters with nonanoic acid
131A59280000100–97–0HexamethylenetetramineSML(T) = 15 mg/kg (21) (expressed as Formaldehyde)
178A68078027253–31–2Neodecanoic acid, cobalt saltSML(T) = 0.05 mg/kg (expressed as Neodecanoic acid) and SML(T) = 0.05 mg/kg (13) (expressed as Cobalt). Not for use in polymers contacting foods for which simulant D is laid down in Directive 85/572/EEC
182A69920000144–62–7Oxalic acidSML(T) = 6 mg/kg (29)
195D76866Polyesters of 1,
2–propanediol and/or 1,3– and/or 1,4–butanediol and/or polypropyleneglycol with adipic acid, which may be end–capped with acetic acid or fatty acids
C12–C18 or n–octanol and / or n–decanol
SML = 30 mg/kg
240ZA85601Silicates, natural (with the exception of asbestos)
280B95000028931–67–1Trimethylolpropane trimethacrylatemethyl methacrylate copolymer
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

SCHEDULE 4 (Entries to be Substituted for Entries in Part I of Schedule 2)

SCHEDULE 4(Entries to be Substituted for Entries in Part I of Schedule 2) Regulation 11(b)
1234
ItemPM/REF NoCAS NoNameRestrictions and specifications
60A45450068610–51–5p–Creso
l–dicyclopentadi
ene–isobutylene, copolymer
SML = 5 mg/kg
198A77895068439–49–6Polyethyleneglycol (EO = 2–6) monoalkyl (C16–C18) etherSML = 0.05 mg/kg and in compliance with the specifications laid down in Schedule 2B
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

SCHEDULE 5 (Entries to be Inserted In Part II of Schedule 2)

SCHEDULE 5(Entries to be Inserted In Part II of Schedule 2) Regulation 12(a)
1234
ItemPM/REF NoCAS NoNameRestrictions and specifications
4A34650151841–65–5Aluminium hydroxybis [2,2'–methylenebis (4,
6–di–tert–butylphenyl) phospate
SML = 5 mg/kg
7A38000000553–54–8Benzoic acid, lithium saltSML(T) = 0.6 mg/kg (8) (expressed as Lithium)
18A40720025013–16–5tert–Butyl–
4–hydroxyanisole (= BHA)
SML = 30 mg/kg
27B46640000128–37–02,6–Di–tert–butyl–
p–cresol (= BHT)
SML = 3.0 mg/kg
54A54880000050–00–0FormaldehydeSML(T) = 15 mg/kg (21)
54B55200001166–52–5Gallic acid, dodecyl esterSML(T) = 30 mg/kg (34)
54C55280001034–01–1Gallic acid, octyl esterSML(T) = 30 mg/kg (34)
54D55360000121–79–9Gallic acid, propyl esterSML(T) = 30 mg/kg (34)
79A67896020336–96–3Myristic acid, lithium saltSML(T) = 0.6 mg/kg (8) (expressed as Lithium)
83A71935007601–89–0Perchloric acid, sodium salt monohydrateSML 0.05 mg/kg (31)
88A76680068132–00–3Polycyclopentadiene, hydrogenatedSML = 5 mg/kg (1)
100A86480007631–90–5Sodium bisulphiteSML(T) = 10 mg/kg (30) (expressed as SO2)
102A86920007632–00–0Sodium nitriteSML = 0.6 mg/kg
102B86960007757–83–7Sodium sulphiteSML(T) = 10 mg/kg (30) (expressed as SO2)
102C87120007772–98–7Sodium thiosulphateSML(T) = 10 mg/kg (30) (expressed as SO2)
110A94400036443–68–2Triethyleneglycol bis[
3–(3–tert–butyl–
4–hydroxy–
5–methylphenyl) propionate]
SML = 9 mg/kg
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

SCHEDULE 6 (Entries to be Substituted for Schedule 2B)

SCHEDULE 6(Entries to be Substituted for Schedule 2B) Regulation 15
ItemPM/REF NoSpecifications
11530Acrylic acid, 2–hydroxypropyl ester.
It may contain up to 25% (m/m) of acrylic acid, 2–hydroxyisopropyl ester (CAS No 002918–23–2)
216690Divinylbenzene
It may contain up to 45% (m/m) of Ethylvinylbenzene
3188883–Hydroxybutanoic acid–3–hydroxypentanoic acid, copolymer
DefinitionThe copolymers are produced by the controlled fermentation of Alcaligenes eutrophus using mixtures of glucose and propanoic acid as carbon sources. The organism used has not been genetically engineered and has been derived from a single wild–type organism Alcaligenes eutrophus strain H16 NCIMB 10442. Master stocks of the organism are stored as freeze–dried ampoules. A submaster / working stock is prepared from the master stock and stored in liquid nitrogen and used to prepare inocula for the fermenter. Fermenter samples will be examined daily both microscopically and for any changes in colonial morphology on a variety of agars at different temperatures. The copolymers are isolated from heat treatment bacteria by controlled digestion of the other cellular components, washing and drying. These copolymers are normally offered as formulated, melt formed granules containing additives such as nucleating agents, plasticisers, fillers, stabilisers and pigments which all conform to the general and individual specifications.
Chemical namePoly(3–D–hydroxybutanoate–co–3
–D–hydroxypentanoate)
CAS number080181–31–3
Structural formula(This formula is currently unavailable. Please see the original.)
Average molecular weightNot less than 150 000 Daltons (measured by gel permeation chromatography)
AssayNot less than 98% poly(3–D–hydroxybutanoate
–co–3–D–hydroxypentanoate) analysed after hydrolysis as a mixture of 3–D–hydroxybutanoic and 3–D–hydroxypentanoic acids
DescriptionWhite to off-white powder after isolation
Characteristics
Identification tests:
SolubilitySoluble in chlorinated hydrocarbons such as chloroform or dichloromethane but practically insoluble in ethanol, aliphatic alkanes and water
RestrictionQMA for crotonic acid is 0.05 mg/6 dm2
PurityPrior to granulation the raw material copolymer powder must contain:
—nitrogenNot more than 2 500 mg/kg of plastic
—zincNot more than 100 mg/kg of plastic
—copperNot more than 5 mg/kg of plastic
—leadNot more than 2 mg/kg of plastic
—arsenicNot more than 1 mg/kg of plastic
—chromiumNot more than 1 mg/kg of plastic
423547Polydimethylsiloxane (Mw > 6800)
Minimum viscosity 100 x 10-6m2/s (= 100 centistokes) at 25°C
525385Triallylamine
40 mg/kg hydrogel at a ratio of 1 kg food to a maximum of 1.5 grams of hydrogel. For use only in hydrogels intended for non–direct food contact use.
6383204–(2–Benzoxazolyl)–4'–(5–methyl–2–benzoxazolyl) stilbene
Not more than 0.05% w/w (quantity of substance used / quantity of the formulation)
743680Chlorodifluoromethane
Content of chlorofluoromethane less than 1 mg/kg of the substance
847210Dibutylthiostannoic acid polymer
Molecular unit = (C8H18S3Sn2)n (n = 1.5–2)
976721Polydimethylsiloxane (Mw > 6800)
Minimum viscosity 100 x 10-6m2/s (= 100 centistokes) at 25°C
1077895Polyethyleneglycol (EO = 2–6) monoalkyl (C16–C18) ether
The composition of this mixture is as follows:
—polyethyleneglycol (EO = 2–6) monoalkyl (C16–C18) ether (approximately 28%)
—fatty alcohols (C16–C18) (approximately 48%)
—ethyleneglycol monoalkyl (C16–C18) ether (approximately 24%)
1183595Reaction product of di–tert–butylphosphonite with biphenyl, obtained by condensation of 2,4–di–tert–butylphenol with Friedel Craft reaction product of phosphorus trichloride and biphenyl
Composition
—4,4'–Biphenylene–bis [0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonite] (CAS No 38613–77–3) (36–46% w/w (1))
—4,3'–Biphenylene–bis [0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonite] (CAS No 118421–00–4) (17–23% w/w(1))
—3,3'–Biphenylene–bis [0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonite] (CAS No 118421–01–5) (1–5% w/w(1))
—4–Biphenylene–0,0–bis [0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonite] (CAS No 91362–37–7) (11–19% w/w(1))
—Tris (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphite (CAS No 31570–04–4) (9–18% w/w(1))
—4,4'–Biphenylene–0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonate–0,0–bis (2,4–di–tert–butylphenyl) phosphonite (CAS No 112949–97–0) (1))
Other specifications
—Phosphor content of minimum 5.4% to maximum 5.9%
—Acid value of maximum 10 mg KOH per gram
—Melt range of 85–110°C
1288640Soybean oil, epoxidized
Oxirane
1395859Waxes, refined, derived from petroleum based or synthetic hydrocarbon feedstocks
Phosphor content of minimum 5.4% to maximum 5.9%
—Content of mineral hydrocarbons with carbon number less than 25: not more than 5% (w/w)
—Viscosity not less than 11 x 10-6m2/s (= 11 centistokes) at 100°C
—Average molecular weight not less than 500
1495883White mineral oils, paraffinic, derived from petroleum hydrocarbon feedstocks
The product shall have the following specifications:
—Content of mineral hydrocarbons with carbon number less than 25: not more than 5% (w/w)
—Viscosity not less than 8.5 x 10-6m2/s (= 8.5 centistokes) at 100°C
—Average molecular weight not less than 480
NOTES
Initial Commencement
Specified date

Specified date: 11 March 2005: see reg 1.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

EXPLANATORY NOTE (This note is not part of the Regulations)1

These Regulations, which apply in relation to England only, further amend the Plastic Materials and Articles in Contact with Food Regulations 1998 (SI 1998/1376, “the 1998 Regulations”), which extend to the whole of Great Britain. These Regulations implement in England Commission Directive 2004/19/EC amending Commission Directive 2002/72/EC relating to plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs (OJ No L220, 15.8.2002, p 18), (“the Directive”).

2

The Regulations amend the 1998 Regulations by—

(a)    amending the definition of “additive” to maintain consistency with the Directive (regulation 3(a)(i));

(b)    removing references to lists of substances whose authorisations are now spent (regulation 4(a));

(c)    extending to articles the provisions of regulation 4(5) of the 1998 Regulations that formerly only applied to materials (regulation 4(b));

(d)    adding a restriction on the use of additives in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles which relates to substances also used as food additives or flavourings (regulation 5(a));

(e)    extending to articles the provisions of regulation 5(4) of the 1998 Regulations that formerly only applied to materials (regulation 5(b));

(f)    making provision for the procedure to be followed and the time limits to be observed by any person wishing to have an additive included in the Community list of authorised additives (regulation 6);

(g)    amending the labelling requirements for plastic materials and articles at the pre-retail stage so as to require additional information to be given (regulation 7);

(h)    making a consequential amendment to regulation 10 (offences) brought about by the amendment to the labelling requirements (regulation 8(a));

(i)    providing a defence to breach of the 1998 Regulations as last amended by these Regulations in respect of plastic materials or articles manufactured or imported into the European Community before 1st March 2006 (regulation 8(b)).

3

They also amend the Schedules to the 1998 Regulations by—

(a)    inserting new entries, and amending or removing some existing ones, in the list of monomers authorised without time limit in Section A of Part I of Schedule 1 (regulation 9(a) and Schedules 1 & 2);

(b)    removing the lists of entries for monomers authorised with a time limit that has now expired (regulation 9(b));

(c)    adding further supplementary specifications in Part II of Schedule 1 (regulation 10);

(d)    inserting new entries and amending or removing some existing entries in the list of additives used in the manufacture of plastic materials articles in Part I of Schedule 2 (regulation 11 and Schedules 3 & 4);

(e)    inserting new entries and removing some existing entries in the list of additives used in the manufacture of plastic materials and articles set out I Part II of Schedule 2 (regulation 12 and Schedule 5);

(f)    adding further supplementary specifications to Part III of Schedule 2, and extending the time limit applicable to substances listed in Part II of that Schedule (regulation 13);

(g)    amending the restrictions and specifications in the entry in Schedule 2A relating to products obtained by bacterial fermentation (regulation 14);

(h)    inserting new entries and amending or removing some existing ones in the specifications set out in Schedule 2B (regulation 15 and Schedule 6);

(i)    adding a provision to the basic rules for overall and specific migration testing using food simulants set out in Part I of Schedule 4, to allow for migration testing to be omitted in the specific circumstances provided for in the Directive (regulation 16).

4

A regulatory impact assessment has been prepared for these Regulations and has been placed in the Library of each House of Parliament, together with a transposition note setting out how the main elements of Commission Directive 2004/19/EC are transposed into domestic law by these Regulations. Copies may be obtained from the Chemical Safety Division of the Food Standards Agency, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH.