*Ashe (as trustee in bankruptcy for Babai) v National Westminster Bank plc

Ordinary possession of land was 'adverse possession' so far as the person out of possession and the were concerned. The focus was not on the nature of the possession but on the capacity of the person in possession. Accordingly where, as in the instant case, a mortgagee had remained in exclusive possession of the mortgaged property for more than 12 years after the limitation period began to run, he was in 'adverse possession' of it for the purposes of the 1980 Act.

*JP Morgan Fleming Claverhouse Investment Trust plc and another v Commissioners of HM Revenue and Customs (Case C-363/05)

R v Hipwell

IFE Fund SA v Goldman Sachs International

*Financial Services Authority v Fradley (trading as Top Bet Placement Services) and another

*Re British Aviation Insurance Co Ltd