||All England Reporter
|| All ER (D) 23 (Oct)
|| CAT 17
||Competition Appeal Tribunal
Sir Christopher Bellamy (President), Mr B Colgate and Mr R Prosser
||Lord Grabiner QC and Mark Hoskins (instructed by DLA) for JJB.
||Laurence West-Knights QC and George Peretz (instructed by Addleshaw Goddard) for A Ltd.
||Stephen Morris QC, Jon Turner and Anneli Howard (instructed by Director of Legal Services) for the OFT.
||1 October 2004
Competition - Agreements preventing, restricting or distorting competition - Prohibited agreements - Price fixing - Replica football kit - Office of Fair Trading ruling that appellants had engaged in price fixing - Appeal on liability - Applicable standard of proof - Consideration of evidence - s 2.
Where penalties were imposed under the the balance of probabilities standard was to be applied. However, where serious matters were in issue, eg conduct akin to dishonesty, the quality and weight of the evidence needed to be stronger than it would need to be if the allegations were less serious. The nature of the evidence which was likely to be sufficiently convincing to prove the infringement would depend on the circumstances and the facts of the case.
- An Official transcript is the final version of the judgment prepared by shorthand writers. LexisLibrary contains all judgments from the High Court and aboveView Judgment
- The All England Law Reports comprises judgments with headnotes and catchwords indicating the area of law and key issues of the case prepared by legally qualified editorsFind AllER Reports
- Cases related to this particular case that are related to, or discuss this caseView related cases
- Commentary discussing this particular case from LexisLibrary's comprehensive range of titles including Butterworths, Halsbury's and TolleyView related commentary